Countries of the Middle East and their features

What religions in the countries of the East

Religion in the countries of the East is often not separated from the state. In addition to Islam and Buddhism, there are many other faiths in this region that have devoted followers.

Religious Beliefs of Eastern Countries

Religious beliefs of the countries of the East are represented by teachings that were formed at different times. The largest religion in the Arab countries is Islam.

Shintoism, Sikhism, Yezidism are popular in India and China. Outside these countries, they are not very common.

The teachings of Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism have followers all over the world.

Islam

Islam is the youngest of the world's religions. The number of Muslims in the world is 1.8 billion.

In 28 countries, Islam is not separated from the state, and this is manifested in everything:

  • weekends on Friday and Saturday;
  • all establishments are closed during prayer;
  • cafes and restaurants are closed during Lent during the day ;
  • women wear closed clothes.

Most Muslims live in Indonesia - 202 million people. Islam came to this country peacefully together with Arab traders.

The number of Muslims in the world

A creed directs followers to fulfill five responsibilities:

What religions in the countries of the East

In the modern world, the phrase "the countries of the Middle East" has become a stable expression. First of all, this is due to the unstable political situation in this region. The media constantly informs us about the conflicts, wars and terrorist attacks taking place in these countries. In this article we will try to understand the peculiarities and pressing problems of the countries of the Middle East.

Content of the article

The Middle East

The concept of the "Middle East" has a long history, its meaning has been changed and refined many times. This is mainly due to changes in the global political situation. The term itself was coined by the military.

English General Thomas Gordon first used the phrase "The Middle East" in his speech at the beginning of the 20th century when deciding on the safety of the transport route between Great Britain and India. Almost at the same time, this term was introduced into circulation in the United States, after the publication in 1902 of the article "The Persian Gulf and International Relations" by the American military Alfred Thayer Mahana.

After that, the tradition of the English phrase “Middle East” (literally “Middle East”), translated into Russian as “Middle East”, was formed. In this regard, curiosities often happened with the exact translation of this term. Russian politicians sometimes used the word "neighbor" in the context of the political interests of the USSR or Russia.

Geography of the Middle East

The Middle East covers a vast area of ​​western Asia and northeastern Africa. The region includes the waters of the Red and Mediterranean Seas, as well as the Persian Gulf. In the south, it is separated from the countries of central Africa by the Sahara Desert, in the north it borders on the Black and Caspian Seas. In the east, the countries of the Middle East extend to the Indian Subcontinent, and in the west to the Aegean Sea. Egypt and the Arab countries to the east of it, as well as Israel, Turkey and Iran, are generally considered the countries of the Near and Middle East. In some cases Pakistan, Afghanistan, Cyprus and the North African states - Tunisia, Libya, Algeria, Morocco and Sudan are added to them.

The main population of the Middle East: Arabs, Jews, Persians, Turks, Armenians, Kurds, Azerbaijanis, Georgians and Assyrians. The countries of the Middle East include: United Arab Emirates, Israel, Jordan, Iraq, Egypt, Sudan, Syria, Lebanon, Oman, Palestinian Territories, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, Cyprus, Turkey.

The climate in these countries is most often very hot and dry, but there are large rivers and lakes, the water from which is used to irrigate the soil. The modern geographical map of this region began to form back in 1922 after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. In 1923, the Turkish Republic was formed, as well as the territories of Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Iraq, Transjordan. At first, these lands were subordinate to France and Great Britain. Only in 1930-1940 did they become independent. The next period of development of the new states of the Middle East fell on 1960-1970, when the former British patrons in the Arabian Peninsula gained their independence.

At present, the countries of the Middle East are so divided and contradictory that it is very difficult to find a holistic view for them. Many people associate them with the Arabs and the desert with camels. But it was in the Middle East that three monotheistic religions arose: Christianity, Judaism and Islam. Now the Islamic religion is professed by most of the inhabitants of these states, with the exception of Israel. Unfortunately, Islam, or rather its directions, is a frequent basis for wars and conflicts.

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