Australian culture

Australian culture

Australia is a country of the English-speaking world, however, it stands out for its culture from a number of other English-speaking countries. It is unique both for its position on the smallest continent of the planet, and for the peculiarities of flora and fauna characteristic of this part of the land, and an extremely unusual idea of ​​the picture of the world inherent in the Aborigines, and even the image of a typical Australian, completely unlike the image of an Englishman.

Culture: typical or unusual image

The prevailing view of Australians has nothing to do with the British stiffness and restraint of a gentleman! On the contrary, in the image of an Australian, we usually see a person who is easy to communicate, does not adhere to strict formalities, nevertheless, is polite and attentive to others, respecting personal property and friendly in public places.

Not surprisingly, egalitarianism in Australian society is one of the fundamental values, where the rights of men, women and children are equally respected. The most common greeting "g'day" can be heard in a variety of situations. And if in a conversation you notice that the interlocutor averts his eyes to the side, then this absolutely does not mean his cunning, but testifies to a respectful attitude towards you. This feature, however, is more characteristic of the indigenous people of Australia.

Features of Australian culture

Australian culture developed especially intensively in the 19th century, when in the second half of the century a very strong influx of immigrants from various countries (Germany, Greece, the Netherlands, USA, Canada, Italy, etc.) began. Their resettlement was largely due to the found deposits of gold in the southeast of Australia and the emerging "gold rush".

During the 19th century, the Australian version of the English language was developed, which was spoken by settlers. In the 20th century, a wave of immigration to Australia, including immigrants from Asia, occurred after the Second World War. Thus, the multiculturalism of Australia is now preserved. Historically, it turned out that British ethnic roots have about 80% (and according to some sources this figure is even higher) of the Australian population. Australia has been a British colony since James Cook entered Botany Bay, i.e. since 1770. The British colonies - 6 colonies - united in the Australian Union in 1901.

Neighborhood of several cultures was possible only thanks to good relations between neighbors. Perhaps this was the reason for one of the main principles in Australian culture - equality. In relation to the aboriginal population, it is expressed in the policy of equalizing the rights of the Australian aborigines and the rest of the inhabitants of the country. For a long time, the aborigines were oppressed, mainly geographically, by the immigrant population, who took land for sheep breeding and farms, which could not but negatively affect the culture of the local population. Only in 1993, thanks to the activities of Edward Mabo, were the rights of Australian aborigines to the lands that they owned before the arrival of the Europeans were legally recognized.

Australian Aboriginal Culture

Yes, Britain was primarily attracted to gold deposits in Australia. Australia today ranks third in the extraction of this mineral. And yet, the real jewel of Australia is not expensive metal, opals or diamonds, but the local culture, the culture of Australian tribes, which has remained almost unchanged to this day. 1.5% of the country's population, such a small number today, are indigenous people. Australian aborigines are one of the most ancient inhabitants of the Earth, therefore their way of life is close to that which was at the dawn of world culture, and this is very valuable for knowledge about man, along with other ancient cultures.

The dance and the vision of the "era of dreams" are two sides of the same tradition, passed down from generation to generation. The "Age of Dreams" is the time when the Earth and all living, mythical time in the minds of the Australians was created. Dancing is a way to tell the story of your tribe, to depict what the ancestors did.

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