"Recreational resources" are resources of all kinds that can be used to meet the needs of the population in recreation and tourism. On the basis of recreational resources, it is possible to organize branches of the economy specializing in recreational services.
- · natural complexes and their components (relief, climate, water bodies, vegetation, fauna);
- · cultural and historical sights;
- · economic potential of the territory, including infrastructure, labor resources.
Recreational resources are a set of elements of natural, natural-technical and socio-economic geosystems, which, with the appropriate development of productive forces, can be used to organize a recreational economy. In addition to natural objects, recreational resources include any kind of substance, energy, information, which are the basis for the functioning, development, and stable existence of the recreational system. Recreational resources are one of the prerequisites for the formation of a separate branch of the economy - the recreational economy.
In the modern world, recreational resources have become of great importance, that is, the resources of natural areas as recreation, treatment and tourism zones. Of course, these resources cannot be called purely natural, since they also include objects of anthropogenic origin, primarily historical and architectural monuments (for example, the palace and park ensembles of Peterhof near St. Petersburg and Versailles near Paris, the Roman Colosseum, the Athenian Acropolis, Egyptian pyramids, Great Wall of China, etc.). But the basis of recreational resources are still natural elements: sea coasts, river banks, forests, mountainous areas, etc.
The growing flow of people "into nature" (recreational explosion) is the result of the scientific and technological revolution, which, figuratively speaking, unloaded our muscles, strained our nerves and pulled us away from nature. Every country in the world has some kind of recreational resources. A person is attracted not only by the magnificent beaches of the Mediterranean, Tropical Africa and Hawaii, Crimea and Transcaucasia, but also the Andes and Himalayas, the Pamirs and Tien Shan, the Alps and the Caucasus, soaring skyward covered with snow caps.
Classification of recreational resources in balneology
- 1. Elementary resources: climatic resources; components of the natural landscape (types of landscape, the degree of comfort of the landscape, etc.); temporary (seasons of the year); spatial-territorial (geographical latitudes, solar radiation and ultraviolet radiation zones);
- 2. Hydrographic elementary resources: water; natural monuments - open reservoirs, springs, etc.
- 3. Hydromineral elementary resources: medicinal mineral waters; healing mud; medicinal clays; other medicinal natural resources;
- 4. Forest elementary resources: state forest resources; nature reserve fund, etc .; urban forests (on the lands of urban settlements), forests - natural monuments, etc .;
- 5. Orographic elementary resources: mountainous areas; flat areas; rough terrain; health-improving areas and resorts;
- 6. Biological elementary resources:
- 1. biofauna;
- 2. bioflora;
- 7. Social and cultural elementary resources: components of the cultural landscape (ethnos, folk epos, folk cuisine, folk crafts, museums, art galleries, panoramas, cultural monuments of various forms of ownership, etc.); a range of recreation facilities (clubs, palaces of culture, discos, restaurants, bars, nightclubs, casinos, bowling alleys, slot machine halls, etc.);
- 8. Road transport elementary resources:
- 1. air transport: availability of the nearest major airport, convenient schedule of arrival and departure of aircraft;
- 2. railway transport: the state of development of the railway network; convenient timetable for the arrival and departure of trains;
- 3. road transport: state of development and quality of the road network; availability and convenient operation of petrol stations, service stations, food outlets and consumer services;
- 9. Basic labor resources (medical, technical and service personnel, provision of departmental housing and hostels, home ownership; mortgage lending for home purchases, etc.)
- 10. Elementary communication resources (state of development of communication services, radio, long-distance telephone, polyprogram television, relay stations: Internet, cell phone);
- 11. Elementary health resources: the development of the municipal and private health care system for the provision of emergency qualified medical care; compulsory and voluntary health insurance services; the level of professional training of medical personnel of sanatorium-resort organizations, the required composition of medical specialists; availability of a license, etc .;
- 12. The level of development of elementary resources of the banking system and its availability;
- 13. Energy elementary resources;
- 14. Basic resources of the service: hairdressing and beauty salons, beauty salons; atelier for sewing and repairing clothes; dry cleaning; laundry; shops, etc .;
- 15. Elementary resources of sports leisure (gyms, gyms, sauna with a swimming pool, sports grounds, etc.)
Resources (from the French ressources) are a means, a stock, an opportunity, a source of something (Modern Dictionary. 1992). In geography, resources are sources of satisfaction of material and spiritual needs.
- * material, which includes everything created by mankind, including cultural resources - sources of knowledge of cultural values;
- * labor, which is the able-bodied population, capable of producing any useful product, as well as professional skills and educational and cultural level of this population;
- * natural - these are natural objects and phenomena used in human activity to obtain mainly material, but also spiritual good.
Recreational resources are resources of all kinds that can be used to meet the needs of the population in recreation and tourism. On the basis of recreational resources, it is possible to organize branches of the economy specializing in recreational services.
Recreational resources include: