Recreational geography - section Tourism, A. Kuskov V. L. Golubeva.
Foreword 1. ECCREATION GEOGRAPHY AS A SCIENCE 1.. object, subject and methods of the course. The main tasks of recreational geography at the present stage. Experience. Terminological aspect of recreational geography (after T. Krysanova, L. Gorshkova, N. Pichugina, L. Tarkhova, O. Ushakova, Yu. Shvetsova). one. . The place of recreational geography in the system of geographical sciences (according to D. Nikolaenko). one. . artographic research method in recreational geography (according to D. Nikolaenko). Key concepts and terms. Test questions. 2. CONCEPT OF RECREATION. RECREATION AND RECREATION 2.. ecretion as a sociocultural phenomenon of our time. Experience. Geographer's polemic notes on the problems of terminology in recreational geography and tourism (after A. Sazykin) 2.. socio-economic essence and basic functions of recreation Experience. Physical recreation and metatheoretical aspects of its theory (according to M. Berdus, M. Bogen, etc.). 2.. rest and recreation: general and special. Experience. Types and evolution of recreational activities (according to D. Nikolaenko). Key concepts and terms. Test questions. 3. BASIC CONCEPTS AND TERMS CHARACTERIZING RECREATION 3.. The health potential of recreation. Recreational development and recreational development. 3.. Free and recreational time: concept, relationship, structure and function. 3.. ecreational time and space and their relationship. 3.. recreational activities and recreational potential. Experience. On the problem of assessing the tourist and recreational potential of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation (according to A. Loginov). Experience. On the issue of assessing the prospects for the development of the tourist and recreational sphere of the region (according to Yu. Kovalev). Experience. Problems of assessing the natural and recreational potential of the territory (according to L. Bashalkhanova, I. Bashalkhanov). Key concepts and terms. Test questions. 4. ESURSIC POTENTIAL OF RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES. NATURAL RECREATIONAL RESOURCES AND THEIR ASSESSMENT 4.. recreational and tourist resources. Experience. Tourist resource and its use at the regional level (according to E. Loginova). four. . Ecreational assessment of natural resources. Experience. On the issue of recreational assessment of natural resources (according to V. Prelovsky). Experience. Problems of economic assessment of natural recreational resources (according to Z. Matevosyan). Experience. The landscape-forming meaning of the elements of the landscape structure (after O. Kalashnikova). Experience. Methodological bases for assessing the aesthetics of landscapes (according to O. Kalashnikova). four. . climatic and hydrological conditions for organizing recreation. Key concepts and terms. Test questions. 5. ULTRA-HISTORICAL RECREATION RESOURCES 5.. cultural and historical recreational resources: essence, classification and stages of assessment. five. . amyatniks of history and culture and their varieties (after E. Kolotova). five. . historical and cultural potential and methods of its assessment. Experience. Cultural heritage is a part of the tourist and recreational potential of the territory (according to V. Bazhenov). five. . basic principles of recreational development of natural and historical heritage. Experience. Some aspects of the use of heritage (by E. Mazurova). five. . natural and cultural heritage in tourism. Experience. World Heritage Sites in Russia and Tourism Development (after E. Faibusovich, E. Chernikhova). Experience. The role and functions of heritage in regional policy (by E. Evdokimova). Experience. World Natural and Cultural Heritage (according to UNESCO materials). five. . historical, cultural and natural potential in the system of international tourism. Experience. Cultural Tourism: Features and Development in Central Russia (after D. Tsapuk). five. . cultural landscape: modern concepts and approaches to typology. Experience. Features of the historical, cultural and natural heritage as the basis of the ecological framework of the territories (according to E. Evdokimova). Experience. Cultural landscape as an object of cultural and natural heritage (according to Yu. Vedenin, M. Kuleshova). Key concepts and terms. Test questions. 6. READING ABOUT TERRITORIAL RECREATION SYSTEMS. INFRASTRUCTURE COMPONENT OF RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES 6.. recreational and territorial recreational systems. 6.. main subsystems of territorial recreational systems. 6.. recreational objects and systems: design and construction features. Experience. Problems of identifying recreationally attractive territories (on the example of the Far East) (according to O. Kalashnikova). 6.. recreational and tourist network. Institutions of medical and recreational recreation and tourist establishments. 6.. recreational infrastructure placement problems. Experience. Modern features of the development of the recreational and health-improving sphere (according to A. Turkin, A. Klechkovskaya). Key concepts and terms. Test questions. 7. ECCREATIVE AND TOURIST ENVIRONMENTAL USE 7.. recreational and tourist nature management. Functional model and main types of tourist nature management. 7.. recreational nature management and nature protection. 7.. recreational loads on natural complexes and methods for their determination. Experience. Rationing of recreational loads on urban and suburban landscapes: main aspects (according to N. Blaga, A. Rudyk). 7.. cooperation between tourism and the environment. Experience. Tourism and the environment: space of interaction (according to T. Chernyaeva). 7.. the impact of tourism on the natural and cultural environment. Experience. The role of tourism in solving some urgent problems of regional development in modern conditions (according to E. Vdovina, A. Moskin, E. Syromyasskaya). Key concepts and terms. Test questions. 8. PROTECTED NATURAL AREAS AND ECOLOGICAL TOURISM 8.. Protected natural areas: classification and recreational use. Experience. Problems of the recreational use of specially protected natural areas (after T. Archipenko, G. Dudko). Experience. Specially protected natural areas as the most important component of natural recreational resources (according to G. Gladkevich). 8. . ecological tourism. Experience. Ecotourism and local self-government (according to A. Reznikova). Experience. Ecological tourism as a potential for recreational development in Russia (according to E. Bukhova). Experience. Ecological tourism in the context of regional development (according to V. Pozdeev). 8. . national parks and their types. Experience. National parks as the basis for the development of ecotourism in Russia (according to N. Srykova). 8. . cology and tourism. Experience. Tourism and ecology: aspects of interaction. Experience in solving problems of sustainable ecological development of tourism in Russia (according to O. Amarova). Key concepts and terms. Test questions. 9. ECREATIVE ACTIVITY: FEATURES AND PRINCIPLES OF THE ORGANIZATION. FUNDAMENTALS OF RECREATIONAL DESIGN 9.. recreational needs as the basis for the territorial-temporal organization of recreational activities. 9. . structural features of recreational activities. Experience. Evolution of spatially active recreational activity (according to D. Nikolaenko). 9. . Recreational design concept. Principle B. Preobrazhensky. 9. . Lementary recreational activities as components of recreational activities. 9. . ikli of recreational activities and their modeling. 9. . lassification of recreational activities. Experience. Environmental problems of recreational activities (according to D. V. Nikolaenko). Key concepts and terms. Test questions. 10. URISM AS A KIND OF RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES 10.. concept and goals of tourism. ten. . lassification, types and forms of tourism. ten. . urist: concept, goals, types. Key concepts and terms. Test questions. 11. ROGRAM TOURISM: CONCEPT, GENERAL FRAMEWORK AND VARIATIONS 11.. concept and foundations of program tourism. eleven. . Types of program tourism. Key concepts and terms. Test questions. 12. ECCREATION AND TOURIST AREA FORMATION AND AREA 12.. ecreational regional formation and regionalization (according to D. Nikolaenko). Experience. Tourist resource and its use at the regional level (according to E. Loginova). 12. . ekreational zoning and district-forming signs. Definition of a recreational area and its characteristic features. 12. . features of the recreational assessment of territories as a basis for the implementation of recreational zoning. 12. . basic concepts of the tourist region. Regional tourism (according to V. Kvartalnov, I. Zorin). 12. . features and principles of zoning in international tourism. Experience. Zoning in the system of international tourism (according to A. Alexandrova). 12. . Uristic Districts: Hierarchy and Typology. Areas of narrow and broad specialization. Key concepts and terms. Test questions. 13. URIST CENTERS: CONCEPT, TYPOLOGY AND METHODOLOGY OF EVALUATION 13.. urist center and center of tourism: correlation of concepts. General provisions of the typology of tourist centers. thirteen. . Methodology for quantitative assessment of the recreational potential of tourist centers in Russia. Experience. Statistical typology of tourist centers (according to the method of A. Zorin). Key concepts and terms. Test questions. 14. INTERNATIONAL TOURISM: FACTORS AND CONDITIONS OF DEVELOPMENT, SPATIAL PICTURE 14.. International tourism is a global socio-economic phenomenon of our time. 14. . words for the development of international tourism. Seasonality problems in international tourism. 14. . Development and geography of international tourism (according to V. Maksakovsky). Key concepts and terms. Test questions. 15. EOGRAPHY OF TOURIST DEMAND (after A. Alexandrova) 15.. eography of tourism for recreation and entertainment. 15. . eography of business tourism. 15. . eography of religious tourism. 15. . eography of health-improving tourism. Key concepts and terms. Test questions. INSTRUCTIONS: Explanatory note. 1.requirements for the knowledge and skills of students in the discipline. 2. Sample content of the training course "Recreational Geography" 3. Themes and plans of seminars. 4.Adania to practical training. 5. Thematics of tests/abstracts (for part-time/full-time students). 6. Polls for the exam (test) in the discipline "Recreational geography". 7. List of mandatory recreational and geographical nomenclature. 8. variants of standard plans of recreational and geographical characteristics. 9. list of basic and additional literature. 10. conceptual and terminological dictionary. APP
There has long been a need to create a textbook for the course "Recreational Geography", since recreation and tourism have become today the most profitable sectors of the world economy, and besides, curricula for various specialties (first of all, specialties 230500 "Social -cultural service and tourism "and 012500" Geography ") provides for the study of this academic discipline for one semester.
The authors, based on many years of experience in teaching the course "Recreational geography" to students of the specialty 230500 "Socio-cultural service and tourism" have prepared this educational and methodological complex, which is essentially an introductory propaedeutic part of the educational course of university recreational geography.
When working on the complex, the authors used all the Russian and foreign experience accumulated over the past 30 years in the development of scientific and methodological foundations of this discipline. All available literature published in the period from 1965 to 2004 is analyzed in detail. The main text of the manual naturally ends with a detailed bibliographic list, which includes more than 200 sources for different sections of the course. It is designed to provide all possible assistance to students in finding the necessary information for writing control, term and diploma works, preparing abstracts and reports for seminars, performing a set of practical works.
The theoretical (lecture) material of the manual is combined into 15 chapters, including on average from 3 to 7 paragraphs. Each paragraph in terms of volume and content is a complete didactic unit and approximately corresponds to one examination (test) question. In addition to the main content, the authors considered it necessary to include a detailed bibliographic list in the structure of the manual; tabular and graphical application; a conceptual and terminological dictionary containing more than 300 terms and concepts of recreational geography and related sciences - ecology and nature management, economic geography, balneology, introduction to tourism, economics of recreation and tourism, management of recreation and tourism, and others; methodical instructions.
Taking into account the peculiarities of training students in the specialty 230500 "Socio-cultural service and tourism", the authors deliberately paid less attention to the natural history of recreational geography, thus giving the "palm" to the analysis of socio-cultural and economic factors of the spatial organization of recreational and tourist activities.
One of the advantages of the proposed educational and methodological complex is the attempt by the authors to build into it a kind of anthology, the selection of materials of which took into account the following factors:
1. Specificity of the curriculum of the specialty 230500 "Social and cultural service and tourism".
2. Informational content of the course and existing standards and curricula for the academic discipline (including the proposed author's program).
3. Availability and degree of accessibility for students of certain educational materials.
4. Applied orientation of materials and, at the same time, their availability for perception by 2nd year students.
In the selection of textbook materials, the authors used textbooks, monographs, scientific collections, articles, electronic publications (including those available via the Internet) of leading specialists in the field of recreational geography from Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Germany , USA, Estonia, Poland, Belarus and a number of other countries. Textbook excerpts are designed in the form of separate articles, presented in the heading "Experience" and illustrating the theoretical provisions that are the content of the previous paragraphs. They can also have the status of independent didactic units and, at the discretion of the teacher, be formalized as examination (credit) questions. In addition, it is advisable to use these materials in practical and seminars to consolidate the theoretical provisions and concepts of the course, disclosed in the lectures, as well as to organize students' independent work.
Shinto shrines are sacred places. Therefore, when visiting these temples while traveling to Japan, visitors should observe the following rules so as not to be disrespectful of the gods. Shinto is the national religion of the Japanese. It took shape in the early feudal era (6-7 centuries) on the basis of tribal cults. Received the name "the path of the kami" - "the path of the gods."