The phenomenon of recreation and its role in the development of territories
The meaning of recreation can be understood only in the context of human evolution. Recreation has never existed on its own and has always carried a certain socio-cultural content. The only exception is the daily cycle, but this is a biological phenomenon. In the weekly cycle of recreation, social and socio-cultural patterns characteristic of all times begin to appear. The connection between quarterly and annual recreation with the processes of socio-cultural development of territories is attributive in nature and is equally inherent in all SCS. The state of the art is no exception. It determines only specific forms of recreation, the choice of areas and some particular features of implementation.
Recreation is not only an orientation towards learning something new, but also a reaction to stress, fatigue. It is widely believed that the more stressful the conditions of a person's life, the greater their need for recreation. Sluggish work, lack of fatigue does not generate much interest in recreation. This pattern allegedly leads to the fact that the most active recreants are often residents of large cities, as well as people with stressful working conditions. In particular, this behavior is most typical for residents of millionaire cities and specialists who are engaged in intensive work, for example, systematically working with computer equipment.
Despite its popularity, this statement has no real basis. The noted types of recreation are fully typical for all people, regardless of the intensity of their work. Computers as a mass product began to spread only from the late 1960s and later. Indeed, they have a very tiring effect on humans, and people who systematically work with computer equipment are potentially active recreators, which is also facilitated by the combination of high incomes with great fatigue. However, this does not lead to an intensification of recreation. Overloads are removed due to recovery within the same daily, weekly, quarterly and annual cycles - new cycles are not formed. Therefore, there is no reason to believe that the introduction of any technical innovation is able to change such a fundamental phenomenon as the cycles of recreation.
From a spatial point of view, there are two recreation standards - passive and active. By "passive recreation" we mean rest at the place of our main residence; “Active recreation” is associated with moving outside the boundaries of their main place of residence.
Based on the criterion of recurrence of recreational activities, five types of recreation are distinguished:
1. Daily rest - cycle of 24 hours. The immediate time allotted for rest can be roughly defined at 8 o'clock - this is sleep.
2. Weekly rest - a cycle of 7 days. The immediate time allotted for rest can be roughly determined at 6-8 hours. Usually this time is associated with visiting nearby places, pleasant for relaxation (parks, etc.).
3. "Quarterly" rest - cycle 65 - 90 days. The immediate time allotted for rest can be conditionally determined at 8 o'clock. Usually expressed in one-day visits to places not very remote from the main place of residence. As vehicles advance, the radius of movement increases, but the amount of time spent traveling and the very fact of a quarterly rest of about 8 hours remain rather unchanged. Quarterly rest can also be expressed in a stay at the place of permanent residence, but then the regular standard of spending time changes dramatically (for example, holidays with abundant feasts). The absence of displacements in space still does not say anything about the absence of a quarterly cycle of recreation - this is only a feature of its concrete manifestation.
4. Annual rest - 365 days cycle. The immediate time allotted for rest can be conditionally determined at 10 - 14 days. Usually associated with a very long stay in places remote from the main place of residence, the most attractive for one reason or another, for example, religious or cognitive. As vehicles progress, the radius of this type of movement increases dramatically. In particular, the development of civil aviation has made the radius of such movements to the limit. However, the amount of time spent on travel and the very fact of annual rest of about 10-14 days remain unchanged.
Annual rest can also be expressed in the place of permanent residence, but at the same time the usual standard of spending time must change dramatically. The absence of movements in space is not yet a sign of the absence of an annual recreation cycle, but only a feature of its concrete manifestation. The difference between the annual cycle and the quarterly spatially passive recreation cycle is in its time duration.
5. Life rest is a cycle spanning 10 to 15 years. The immediate time allotted for rest can be conditionally determined at 10 - 30 days. Usually expressed in very long visits to places that are extremely remote from the main place of residence, as attractive as possible for one reason or another, or in extremely excellent standards of spending time in the place of their permanent residence. Often timed to coincide with unique life events (for example, wedding celebrations and honeymoon travel). With the progress of vehicles, the radius of this kind of movement is constantly increasing, and the development of civil aviation has made it practically unlimited. In the conditions of the end of the twentieth century, the life cycle of recreation can be associated with a round-the-world trip. Despite the potential to increase the distance covered, the amount of time spent on travel and the very fact of life's rest lasting about 10 - 30 days remain unchanged. Unlike other types of recreation, this is not manifested in all people, based on random reasons (personal, social and others).
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