Today it is difficult for us to imagine how people lived when there was no Internet, mobile communications and even television, and the distances between countries seemed insurmountable. In the modern world, any of us can fly to another country and return in a couple of weeks. All borders are open, and states strive to live in peace, trade and interact. All this has become possible thanks to globalization. Today we will talk in detail about what globalization is, as well as consider its main signs, causes, consequences, advantages and disadvantages.
Globalization is a process of social, cultural, economic, political and other rapprochement taking place today all over the world and affecting all states. The main driving force behind globalization is international trade, which benefits most of the world's market players. At the same time, there is a convergence and integration in all areas, including the smoothing of cultural differences.
The term “Global Village” is closely related to the concept of globalization, which many authors use to emphasize how small the distances on our planet are today. This term was introduced by the Canadian culturologist Marshall McLuhan, one of the most famous researchers of the processes of globalization.
In addition to international trade, freedom of information exchange is one of the most important factors of globalization. Today there are no restrictions on receiving news and other useful information from other countries. In addition, anyone using the Internet can find new acquaintances anywhere in the world, which contributes to additional cultural rapprochement.
Researchers believe that modern society can be considered truly global, and all fundamental turning points have already taken place. They name the following trends as the main signs of globalization:
The common denominator of all globalization trends is the interconnectedness of all states. At the same time, it has two separate manifestations: the interconnectedness of resources and the interconnectedness of processes. The first concept implies that in a global world, resources such as capital, goods, people, services, etc., are inevitably redistributed between different states. The second concept implies that political, economic, social, informational and other processes taking place in different countries are also interconnected.
For a more complete understanding of what globalization is, it is important to know what causes it. The researchers cite factors such as the following as the main reasons:
The concept of "globalization" has become an integral part of sociology and everyday life in the 90s. A fashionable term has taken root, every student who takes the exam in social studies knows what it is. We will go further and tell you how globalization directly affects our lives
Globalization is the process of unifying economic, social and cultural norms and habits around the world. Simply put, countries are gradually losing their identity, national flavor and adopt the culture of other states.
Globalization is an inevitable process that encompasses all aspects of society. Initially, it was considered from an economic point of view and as the next stage of capitalism. Now, due to the development of technology and science, we can talk about cultural, political and technological globalization.
Globalization is a debatable process. On the one hand, it accelerates the development of mankind, on the other hand, it creates problems for small peoples, whose culture and economy cannot withstand competition and are dying out.
Globalization in politics has a rather negative effect. This is due to the decentralization of state power.
Globalization in the economy
Economic globalization is also a controversial phenomenon. On the one hand, it creates conditions for countries' access to advanced technologies, establishes economic exchange and stimulates the development of scientific and technological progress. On the other hand, globalization is destroying the national economy, small business and traditional crafts. This is due to low import tariffs and loyal customs legislation.
For all countries to benefit from globalization, the international community needs to remove trade barriers and create a system that serves the interests of the least developed countries.
Globalization is not something distant and detached from our daily life. She gradually breaks into everyday life through the media, culture and television. People are reconsidering their views on life, worldview paradigms are changing.
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