Good day, Violetta! <
The European North of Russia is a huge territory that is rich in both natural and cultural and historical values. First of all, it is worth noting that it can be divided into two districts: Karelian-Kola and North-European. The first district includes Karelia and the Murmansk region, to the second - the Republic of Komi, as well as the Arkhangelsk, Vologda and Leningrad region.
This region attracts lovers of water tourism. There are many rivers with a stepped profile, which means that the most suitable for different types of alloys. This type of tourism is called "rafting". The name comes from the rafts (rafts) on which tourists are fused. Newbies should not be afraid, throughout the alloy you will be accompanied by experienced instructors. There are multi-day alloys - from 3 to 7 days, as well as alloys that are ongoing in just a couple of hours. Age restrictions are not provided here.
For more relaxing lovers, boat routes on Lakes of Karelia are offered. There are such tours for several days, tourists can fish, hunt, collect mushrooms and berries, etc. If you visit Karelia in the summer, it is also possible to try jeep tours - off-road travels, also accompanied by instructors. Depending on which route will be selected, you can watch historical monuments, natural beauty, etc.
If you will be in Karelia in the winter season, there is a snowmobile safari service. There is an opportunity to visit both a snowmobile driver and its passenger, all this, of course, under the control of the instructor. Of all the types of tourism in Karelia, this is the most expensive, but compared with such tours in other places (Finland, Sweden) prices are quite democratic.
This region will be pleasant to lovers of a relaxing holiday in nature. First, there are three major reserves: Kandalaksky, Lapland and Pasvik - here you can watch the reindeer, birds and fish. In addition, the unique landmark that the Murmansk region boast is the Northern Light. In addition to natural beauty, here you can also find many historical monuments, which will undoubtedly arouse great interest among tourists.
This area is famous for its crafts: embroidery, clay toys, weaving and much more. The main craft centers here are Veliky Ustyug, Kholmogory, Kargopol. In Kizhi you can see examples of unique wooden architecture. The famous St. Petersburg also has a huge cultural and historical potential: Peterhof, Tsarskoe Selo, Gatchina, etc. are of great value for tourists. It should be noted that St. Petersburg is a center of culture not only of Russian, but also of global significance.
And this is not all that the European North can offer even the most fastidious tourists. So travel and enjoy your vacation!
Another unique country for tourism is Italy. The country is rich in sights just for every taste. Numerous beaches await you here in summer, and in winter there are many ski resorts in the Alps. There are as many as five seas off the coast of Italy: Ionian, Tyrrhenian, Adriatic, Ligurian and Mediterranean. The centuries-old rich history of Italian cities like a magnet attracts millions of tourists with its museums with works of world culture, Gothic castles, majestic cathedrals and churches.
All types of tourism are developed here, in addition to ski, beach resorts and shopping, they are agritourism, health-improving, gastronomic, religious pilgrimage, ecotourism and sports. The center of tourism in Italy, thanks to a huge number of archaeological and cultural values, is Rome (Vatican Museums, Colosseum, St. Peter's Basilica, Roman Forum, Pantheon, etc.). In terms of attendance in Europe, it is second only to London and Paris. The most popular cities among tourists are Milan, Naples, Venice and Florence. There are more UNESCO World Heritage Sites here than in any other country in the world.
The largest number of tourists come from Germany (over 10 million people a year). Also, a lot of tourists come or fly from countries such as the USA, France. China, UK, Switzerland, Austria, Netherlands, Russia, Belgium, Japan, Australia and Brazil. During the year, Italy was visited by 58.3 million tourists.
China has made significant breakthroughs in tourism over the past few decades. A wealthy middle class has emerged in the country, restrictions on travel by the Chinese authorities have become less severe, which provoked a tourist boom, both in domestic tourism and internationally. A fifth of the world's international tourism spending is from Chinese tourists.
As for the guests of China, they are attracted by conventionally three groups of attractions: natural objects (mountains, lakes, waterfalls, caves), historical and cultural sites (Great Wall of China, Buddhist temples, ancient cities, the Silk Road ), folk customs (traditional holidays). Tourists are attracted by large, highly developed megalopolises: Shanghai, Beijing, special autonomous regions: Macau, Taiwan, Hong Kong. The popularity of the tropical island of Hainan with its beach resorts is growing.
60.7 million foreign tourists visited China in 2017. China received the most tourists from South Korea, Vietnam, Japan, USA, Russia, Mongolia, Malaysia, Singapore, India, Thailand and China.
Tourists spend more money in the US than in any other country in the world. They left almost $ 211 billion here in 2017. In 29 states out of 50, tourism is one of the main components of the economy. In addition to all this, domestic tourism is very developed here - Americans are happy to travel to other states, leave (fly out) on weekends. The United States is not only a large, but also a very diverse country - six time zones with different climates and landscapes. There is frosty Minnesota, snowy Alaska, hot beach California and Florida.
Modern American culture is the main attraction for tourists. This is Los Angeles with Hollywood, Disneyland in California and Florida, New York with its Central Park and Time Square, Las Vegas entertainment center in Nevada, San Francisco, San Diego, Orlando, Miami, the capital Washington, Chicago, Boston. And these are just the main tourist cities. There are a large number of national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, and more than 300 ski resorts in the northern states. Do not list everything.
From 8 to 10 September in the city of Tomsk, in the format of a strategic session, a meeting of the Commission for the Development of Tourism of the Russian Geographical Society “The Role of the Russian Geographical Society in the Development of Tourism in the Siberian Federal District: Problems and Prospects” was held.