Since March 1, 2020, the rules of labor immigration to Germany have radically changed. Now, foreign applicants of various qualifications, including those with secondary technical education, can enter the country for six months to look for an official job. In this article, we will tell you in more detail for whom the doors of labor migration in Germany have opened.
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New amendments to the law “On migration of qualified specialists”, which has the German name Das Fachkräftezuwanderungsgesetz, will come into force on March 1 of this year. Now moving to Germany for permanent residence on the basis of official employment has become even easier for persons with secondary vocational education and graduates of higher educational institutions.
If earlier only foreign highly qualified specialists could get a residence permit and official work, now this also applies to foreigners who have secondary vocational education. Previously, applicants with a higher education diploma among our compatriots could fly to Germany on a long-term visa category D to look for work, then find a job, apply for a work visa or a Blue Card document. A similar rule applies throughout the European Union.
Under the new rules, the priority in employment for a vacant position of citizens of Germany or the European Union is canceled. This check is canceled. Now the German employer decides for himself who he will hire: a local resident or a foreign specialist.
This is the main goal of the German authorities: simply to attract qualified specialists to work.
Germany has an acute shortage of skilled workers. According to experts, today there are about 2 million vacancies for such specialists. The citizens of the Federal Republic of Germany are in no hurry to occupy them. However, in some cases foreigners have higher qualifications and are willing to work for a lower salary. Therefore, the labor market was opened for migrants from all over the world. However, German officials are pursuing such a policy in parallel with the measures being introduced to integrate foreign workers into German society.
Due to the continuous aging of the German population, the gap between the number of working people and retirees is growing. Therefore, the country needs to attract about half a million foreign job seekers with qualifications every year.
The most demanded professions:
A German business visa is required for citizens of the Russian Federation to enter the country for business or work purposes. It allows you to carry out work or work activities without violating German labor laws.
German business visa is required to visit Germany for the purpose of:
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Currently, the German embassy issues 2 main types of business visas: short-term and long-term.
The severity and poise of the Germans is known to everyone. Discipline and pedantry, accuracy, thrift and punctuality have been inherent in the inhabitants of Germany for many centuries. These qualities have been formed for more than one generation, so the Germans teach children the same behavior and welcome those tourists who respect their mentality. But the impact of globalization has left its mark, and young people do not always follow the rules of conduct in Germany.
Knowledge of the mentality of the Germans will allow you to establish communication with the inhabitants of Germany and avoid misunderstandings. Life in the country is subject to rules and traditions that people follow unquestioningly. German citizens are always law-abiding and follow the following canons:
The Germans are very straightforward and tell the truth, even if the interlocutor doesn't like it. Not everyone considers this quality to be positive, as it may look tactless and inappropriate, but the people of Germany are tolerant of tourists.
Another essential quality of Germans is punctuality, which is an indicator of discipline and is appreciated when applying for a job. The Germans are also characterized by collectivism, rationality and frugality. And the main values in their life are health and work.
German is considered to be quite difficult. When a foreigner speaks German, it is strongly encouraged. Germans try to be polite in oral communication. They use two forms of speech:
The "you" form is used when communicating with friends and family and emphasizes trusting relationships. The “you” is used to refer to elders or higher in status: doctors, lawyers, teachers and others.
It is important to use the correct form, otherwise you risk sounding tactless and rude. If you don't know how to address the right way, listen to the interlocutor and follow his example.
Germans refer to each other by their last names, adding the prefixes Frau (mistress) and Herr (master).
The official greeting in communication at work and school sounds like this: "Good afternoon, Mr. Schultz!" (Guten Tag, Herr Schultz!). In everyday life, prefixes are used less often. The Germans are very polite and greet everyone, including strangers with whom they had to contact.
When communicating with Germans, one must observe speech etiquette and avoid forbidden topics that may offend the interlocutor or seem tactless. In Germany, you shouldn't touch on such issues:
Germans do not like assertive interlocutors. They avoid close contact and are not happy when they violate their personal space.
Munich is a modern city with an ancient history. One of the most beautiful and versatile cities in Germany and Europe. A center for festivities, sports, architecture and science are just a few of the facets of Munich.
The capital of Bavaria is Munich. It is a major industrial, financial and cultural center of the whole of Germany. Munich is the second city in Germany after Berlin, where many tourists from all over the world seek to get, and every year this number increases several times. Munich is interesting because a large number of people from other countries live here. The city combines modern business life with historical and cultural heritage.
Munich is a modern business center of Europe. The headquarters of such companies as BMW, Siemens and other world famous companies are located here. The motto of the modern city is “Munich loves you”. Everyone's favorite beer festival Oktoberfest takes place in the city.
Every year Munich hosts Oktoberfest, the world famous beer festival. It has been celebrated since October 1810. Sometime during this period, the wedding of Ludwig I and Princess Theresa of Saxony took place here. All the inhabitants of Munich were invited to the wedding, the people drank beer, glorified the king, and at the same time horse races were organized. Beer was poured to residents of the city for free. The king liked this event very much, and he issued a decree that such festivities should be held annually. Oktoberfest is the largest beer festival in the world, held annually in Munich, and it is also listed in the Guinness Book of Records.
During the festival, about 6 million liters of beer are drunk, about 600 thousand fried chickens are eaten and the same number of sausages, about 84 bull carcasses and more than 65 thousand portions of pork rolls. Fans of the amber drink from all over the world strive to come here every year and taste real German beer and sausages.
Starting in 2013, the organizers of the World Beer Festival began to expand its children's part of the program in order to attract more tourists from all over the world with children.
In addition to fun, Munich also attracts sports fans, because the city lies at the foot of the Alps, and athletes from all over the world try to get here to do ski sports, take part in annual competitions, try their luck and just have fun from skiing.
The city is home to many famous teams in various professional and amateur sports. One of them is the world famous football Bayern Munich.
Munich has a lot to see from an excursion point of view. The main visiting card is the central square of the city. Royal Square is the starting point and meeting point in Munich. It is one of the busiest transport and retail outlets in the city. In ancient times, Marienplatz was a place where knightly tournaments were held, and nowadays it is a great place for bazaars and fairs, which you must definitely visit in order to feel all the charm and cultural life of the city.
Despite the fact that Germany is not that far away, there are several other rules of business etiquette that are important to know in order to avoid embarrassing situations, especially if you are going to build long-term business relationships with the Germans.
So, 10 rules you should remember:
The fact that the Germans are punctual is no secret to anyone. That is why it is very important to be on time for the meeting. And on time in German - this is 10 minutes before the meeting. If you are late, then you must call and report it with a good and adequate explanation.
In Germany, there is no first name, patronymic, as a rule, people use the prefix Herr/Frau + Surname. But there is an important point that plays an important role in Germany. If a person has the title of doctor, professor or engineer, then it is important to apply for example as follows: Prof. Dr. Axel Gruner - Professor Dr. Gruner
It is customary to greet in Germany with a shake of the hand, both with men and women. Everyone is equal here. But it is important to know that the squeeze should begin with a person of higher rank or position.
Germans are much more conservative than Americans, for example, which is why the dress code is very simple and classic: a business suit in dark colors, but the female gender should avoid accessories and bright makeup.
Nothing personal - just business
Don't be surprised if Germans behave a little at a distance and there are no private conversations. In this regard, they have learned to distinguish well between work and personal space. Do not take this as an insult and remember the most important taboo of German culture: no questions about salary!
Speak to business
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