Tourism is one of the world’s fastest-growing industries and a major foreign exchange and employment generation for many countries. It is one of the most remarkable economic and social phenomena.
The world ‘tour’ is derived from the Latin word tornus, meaning ‘a tool for making a circle’. Tourism may be defined as the movement of the people from their normal place of residence to another place (with the intention to return) for a minimum period of twenty-four hours to a maximum of six months for the sole purpose of leisure and pleasure.
According to WTO (1993) "Tourism encompasses the activities of persons traveling and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business, and other purposes."
The Rome conference on tourism in 1963 defined tourism as ‘a visit to a country other than one’s own or where one usually resides and works’. This definition, however, did not take into account domestic tourism, which has become an important money-spinner and job generator for the hospitality industry.
The UNWTO defines tourists as' people who travel to and stay in place outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited '.
According to the Tourism Society of Britain, ”tourism is the temporary short-period movement of people to destination outside the places where they normally live, work; and activities during their stay at these destinations. " This definition includes the movement of people for all purposes.
The development of technology and transportation infrastructure, such as jumbos jets, low-cost airlines, and more accessible airports have made tourism affordable and convenient. There have been changes in lifestyle - for example, now retiree-age people sustain tourism around the year. The sale of tourism products on the internet, besides the aggressive marketing of the tour operators and travel agencies, has also contributed to the growth of tourism.
September 27 is celebrated as world tourism every year. This date was chosen as on that day in 1970, the Statutes of UNWTO were adopted. The purpose of this day is to raise awareness of the role of tourism within the international community.
Travel is as old as mankind on the earth. The man at the beginning of his existence roamed about the surface of the earth in the search of food, shelter, securities, and better habitat. However, in course of time, such movements were transformed into wanderlust.
About five thousand year ago, changes in climate, dwindling food and shelter conditions hostile invaders made the people leave their homes to seek refuge elsewhere like the Aryans left their homes in Central Asia due to climate changes. Perhaps, this leads to the development of commerce, trade, and industry.
Do you want to get experience of work abroad and change your usual way of life? Pay attention to Asian countries that are actively developing their economies and need foreign labor.
Malaysia is one such country. It provides visitors with excellent prospects for implementation and career advancement. How to emigrate to this country, and what awaits foreigners in Malaysia, you will learn from our article.
Hiring foreign nationals is a common practice for Malaysian organizations, businesses and companies. Consider the pros and cons of living in Malaysia for Russians.
The undisputed advantages include:
There are also disadvantages:
There is a wide variety of jobs for Russians in Malaysia: from a seller in a souvenir shop to an administrator in an elite restaurant. If you are a specialist with a rare narrow specialty, such areas as medicine, teaching, computer technology are open for you.
Malaysia recruits foreigners in the following areas:
Official name - Malaysia. Located in Southeast Asia. The area is 336.7 thousand km2, the population is 22.3 million people. (2001). The official language is Malay. The capital is Kuala_Lumpur (over 1 million people, 2001). State holiday - National Day on August 31 (since 1957). The monetary unit is the ringgit.
Member of the UN (since 1957), OIC (since 1969), ASEAN (since 1967), WTO, APEC, etc.
Located between 120 ° and 100 ° east longitude and 3 ° and 7 ° north latitude. Washed by waters
South China Sea and Strait of Malacca. The South China Sea divides the country into a western part, located on the Malacca Peninsula, and an eastern part, on the northern part of Kalimantan Island (Borneo). The coast is mostly gentle and sandy. In places it alternates with granite slabs. Many bays and islands. The largest is Penang Island, located off the northern coast of western Malaysia. Other large islands are Labuan, Langkawi, Tioman.
Borders with Thailand, Singapore (through the Johor Strait), Indonesia (on Kalimantan), the Philippines (in the Sulu Sea area).
Malaysia is a mountainous country. From north to south of western Malaysia lies the main ridge with the length of St. 450 km. The main mountain is Tanakh (2187 m). Eastern Malaysia is dominated by Kinabalu (4101 m), the highest mountain in Southeast Asia. Plains and lowlands are located mainly along the sea coast.
Minerals are mainly carbon reserves. Significant reserves of tin in the past are now mostly depleted.
Clay soils subject to strong erosion. However, in combination with high air temperatures and abundant tropical rainfall, they create ideal conditions for the growth of humid tropical vegetation.
The climate is humid tropical. Fluctuations in temperature + 22 ° -34 ° C, with the exception of mountainous areas. Annual rainfall from 2000 to 3000 mm per year. There are practically no dry seasons. However, on the west coast of Malaysia, the dry season can last from September to November and the rainy season from November to February. In general, Malaysia is considered a "land of eternal summer".
Thinking about my next vacation, I remembered the story of my other half about Malaysia, where her friend lives, and from which she learned that there you can have a very good rest from the Siberian frosts. Having stretched Google Map on my knees, I found out that Malaysia is located on the map in Southeast Asia, a bit south of Thailand and north of Indonesia. It consists of West Malaysia and East Malaysia, the most beautiful islands and peninsulas, the shores of which are washed by the South China and Andaman Seas.
Here's the basics you need to know about Malaysia:
Looking ahead, I want to say that Malaysia is a great place to relax, as I have personally seen. Here you will find everything your heart desires: you can lie on the beach, see the sights, stroll through modern megacities, and go shopping.
Wonderful sand, amazing islands, impenetrable jungle (sometimes with comfortable walking paths), extraordinary fauna. Malaysia is able to satisfy the most sophisticated requests for a beach holiday, for a start, I advise you to visit the island of Langkawi without fail, since a flight on Air Asia planes costs mere pennies.
High-tech megalopolises, where you can visit many excursions, scenic spots, jungle among skyscrapers, giant aquariums underground.
Lots of shopping centers with fashionable boutiques, giant complexes where you can buy any technical novelties; shopping lovers will be delighted! No wonder this is one of the most favorite vacation spots for tourists from the United Arab Emirates ...
It is no coincidence that Malaysia is combined with the words Asia Minor (although Asia Minor is the Anatolia Peninsula in Turkey), everything that can be found in Southeast Asia is collected here. A mixture of cultures and nationalities, more than 60 different ethnic groups, the main of which are Malays, Chinese, Hindus. They all live together peacefully under the Malay sun.
The state religion in Malaysia is Islam, but here you can successfully meet Buddhist monks, Hindus, Orthodox priests. It will not be difficult to find the temple you need and pay tribute to the creator, believe in what your heart tells you, there is freedom of religion in the country.
The official language is Malay, but almost all indigenous people are fluent in English, since until 1957 Malaysia was a British colony, and English was de facto considered an administrative language. It is very pleasant when residents understand the most widespread international English language, and not just their own. You should immediately tune in that no one understands Russian here, with rare exceptions, Russian can be heard only from rare tourists from the CIS countries ... Although there are extremely curious moments when there are inscriptions in Russian:
The brand passed - the brand accepted or Advantages and disadvantages of franchising in tourism A little educational program To begin with, let's recall the terminology. The franchise itself (or franchising, both variants of the name are completely