Chapter Types of Tourism Organizations
Since international tourism is a reflection of socio-economic relations in the life of individual countries and at the same time an integral part of international relations, the necessary prerequisites for organizing and managing the entire range of tourist and excursion activities both within states and at the international level arise. These prerequisites are realized, in particular, in the creation of tourist organizations.
Tourism organizations can be classified according to the following criteria:
- national-territorial: international, regional and national organizations. Their activities are global, regional and national in nature; - public-state: government, public, private; - by type of activity: regulators, suppliers, market agents, developers, consultants, design organizations, training organizations, publishers, professional associations, trade and consumer organizations; - by field of activity: transport (aviation, bus, rail, automobile and cruise), travel agents, tour operators, local trade unions.
The constant expansion of international tourist exchange has necessitated its international legal regulation: the development of various legal institutions and the creation of specialized international tourist organizations.
World Tourism Organization (WTO)
The World Tourism Organization is by far the most famous and recognized in the tourism world. The WTO was founded on January 2, 1975 by transforming the non-governmental International Union of Official Tourism Organizations (IUOTO) into an intergovernmental organization operating under the patronage of the UN. Now its full members are more than 105 states, several associated and over 150 affiliated members (travel companies, airlines, international organizations, etc.).
The WTO Charter was adopted on September 27, 1975. this date is celebrated as World Tourism Day. Every year, World Tourism Day is held under a certain motto. Every 4 years, the WTO convenes sessions of the General Assembly, between which the Executive Board of the General Assembly of the WTO works. The WTO headquarters is located in Madrid (Spain).
The WTO has the following objectives:
- to accelerate and expand the promotion of tourism (international and domestic) to peace, understanding, health and prosperity for people everywhere in the world; - to help people have access to education and culture while traveling; - to improve the standards of living and stay in less developed areas of the world by helping to provide the necessary material and technical base for foreign tourism and the development of transport routes connecting with these regions; - to empower the countries receiving tourists, and thereby contribute to their economies; - to act as an international agency for coordination and cooperation between countries; - to provide services to members of the most significant national organizations in the field of tourism for the council; - to determine the topics of plenums and meetings as well as coordinate the tourism interests of the participating countries, including both national tourism organizations and professional sectors and organizations representing the interests of travelers; - to establish a constant relationship between various, associations of tour operators; - to implement all of the above in the most effective way.
Basically, the WTO's activities are focused on the informative promotion of tourism, expanding its significance and advantages, dangers, as well as creating new material. but technical base. The organization seeks to streamline the activities of different nations in tourism by developing and introducing certain principles in the field of international tourism. The WTO is the main representative of tourism at the UN and acts as the most authoritative body in world tourism. In addition, the WTO develops international documents (acts), and monitors their implementation, as well as the implementation of existing rules, encouraging the resolution of international tourism disputes.
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