Japan has been attracting tourists from all over the world for decades. This country is fraught with many opportunities, but it will take a lot of effort to discover them for yourself. The road to Japan begins with a visa. Where and how can Russians and citizens of neighboring countries get it?
Free entry to Japan is allowed for citizens of the United States, the European Union, and many other countries. And in relation to Russia and the countries of the post-Soviet space (except for the Baltic States), strict rules have been established: regardless of the duration of the trip, you will need a Japanese visa. According to the entry documents, other countries will not be allowed into Japan. But this is not all the difficulty. It will not be possible to apply for a visa without permission - it is necessary that a Japanese company or an individual act as a guarantor.
Negotiations on easing the entry regime are periodically underway between Japan and Russia. Visas will not be canceled in full, at least in the near future. But since 2017, several items have been introduced to make it easier to obtain a document. For example, the requirement to have a guarantor in Japan will not be mandatory for those who pay for the trip themselves.
There are several types of stay, according to which the type of visa is determined:
Tokyo is the capital and largest city of the country
The document is issued at the embassies and consulates of Japan in the country of residence. In Russia, they are located in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Khabarovsk and Vladivostok. Citizens of Russia and Armenia apply to the Moscow embassy. In Belarus, Ukraine, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, representative offices of Japan have been opened in the capital cities. Kazakhstanis can get a visa in Astana or Almaty.
There is a widespread belief that opening a business in Japan for a foreigner is a rather difficult task due to the peculiarities of the culture: entrepreneurs are afraid of incomprehensible hieroglyphs and the time that needs to be spent on their study. However, in the age of the ubiquity of the English language, this is not at all necessary: most documents can be drawn up without studying the Japanese script. In this article, we will tell you about the specifics of business in this country, as well as the difficulties that usually arise when registering your company in Japan.
According to statistics, over 500 Russian businessmen have been making a living in the land of the rising sun over the past 15 years.
Most Russian entrepreneurs who have opened their company in Asian countries note that doing business in this territory, and especially in Japan, is difficult because of the industrial market, which is already saturated with goods and services of various kinds. Therefore, in order to fit into the existing order and achieve success, you need to understand exactly how Japanese business functions and learn its distinctive features.
The Japanese entrepreneurship system has the following features:
The last point needs clarification. Small and medium-sized businesses in Japan divide their spheres of influence by scale: large firms try to take their place in such a way as not to take away work from small enterprises. For example, in the construction business, giant companies are engaged in the construction of skyscrapers for factories and offices. Small businesses are working on the creation of private houses, one-story buildings. We can observe the same in the transport sector: some run bus organizations, others are engaged in the transportation of goods.
Japan has been fenced off from the whole world for centuries. And this trend is not a thing of the past. When planning to work in the Land of the Rising Sun, one should not expect that the Japanese will change their traditions and observe European or American ones. Not. You will have to study the country's business etiquette and fully comply with it. Otherwise, there will be no positive result.
Japan, according to the author, is the most demanding country in terms of business etiquette. The local specificity of doing business is far from European. Despite the fact that restraint and patience are the main virtues for a Japanese, your manners can leave a very unfavorable impression on him.
Negotiations are unlikely to be thwarted. When dealing with Europeans, the Japanese even use a welcoming handshake, although in their culture they are limited to nods. However, the chance of success will be greatly reduced.
This rule works and vice versa: the more respect you show to your Japanese partners, the higher the chance of meaningful counter-concessions.
And here's what else should be taken into account in negotiations with representatives of Japan:
This is a very important rule. The Japanese clearly distinguish between business and ordinary life. Business reminds them of war, so they are used to controlling their emotions at all costs. If you don’t dress in a classic suit, they will forgive, but they will consider it a frivolous person. If you are late, they may be mistaken for a strong insult. It is not accepted to be late.
The Japanese have a lot of respect for themselves. They are diligent, diligent, true to their word. The oral promises of the Japanese are practically equal to the written ones. It is not customary for them to raise their voices to subordinates. Psychological pressure, threats or provocations practically do not work against the Japanese, either in work or in negotiations.
Before the start of the negotiations, present small gifts to your Japanese partners: souvenirs, food or your products. There is no need to give flowers. In the "language" of colors, you can accidentally say something different from what you would like. Remember that Japanese culture will oblige a partner to give back, so don’t make gifts expensive.
Japanese negotiation is a long and often tiresome ritual. Before discussing the subject of the meeting, it is necessary to create a favorable atmosphere for negotiations. At this stage, they discuss anything, from the weather to secondary issues of the day's agenda.
Gusuku Castles and Related Monuments of the Ryukyu Kingdom
Gusuku sites and related properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu. The facility was listed in 2000 and is located in Okinawa Prefecture.
For several centuries, the Ryukyu Islands served as a center for economic and cultural exchange between the countries of Southeast Asia, China, Korea and Japan, which is clearly manifested in the preserved monuments. The culture of the Ryukyu Kingdom originated and flourished in a special political and economic environment. 500 years of the history of the Ryukyu Islands, from the 12th to the 17th century, are captured in this group of monuments and objects. It all began in the 10-12th centuries, when local agricultural communities "gusuku" began to fence their lands with stone fences. The Ryukyu Kingdom ended in 1879, when this territory was officially turned into Okinawa Prefecture.
Buddhist monuments in the Horyu-ji area. The facility was listed in 1993 and is located in Nara Prefecture.
There are about 48 Buddhist monuments in the Horyu-ji area. Some of them date back to the late 7th and early 8th centuries, making them the oldest surviving wooden structures in the world. These masterpieces of wooden architecture are important not only for the history of art, but also for the history of religion, since their construction coincided with the arrival of Buddhism in Japan from China.
Himeji-jo. The site was listed in 1993 and is located in Hyogo Prefecture.
Himeji Castle is the finest surviving masterpiece of Japanese castle architecture from the early 17th century. The castle consists of 83 buildings, protected by defensive systems and ingenious devices from the beginning of the Shogunate period. This wooden piece of architectural art combines functionality and aesthetics. The castle is a striking and powerful symbol of feudalism that reigned in Japan until the Meiji restoration in 1868.
During the shogunate era, many castles were built in Japan. Many of them were later demolished, others perished during the war. There are only a few left, and Himeji Castle compares favorably with its brothers in the degree of preservation.
Modern Japan is a fusion of tradition and modernity, and the tourism industry is no exception to this rule. The Land of the Rising Sun offers its guests both state-of-the-art hotels and traditional ryokans in medieval houses, machiya or shukubo in Buddhist monasteries.
Contents of the article: HotelsRyokansMinshukuSyukuboLove hotels Capsule hotelsHostels
This type of tourist accommodation is the most common in the world - and Japan is no exception. True, Japanese hotels can be very different from their European counterparts. The fact is that in Japan, almost everything is designed primarily for a local client, and only then for guests from abroad - on the one hand, it adds color to familiar things, but on the other, behind the same word "hotel" in Japan and, for example, in Germany, completely different concepts can be hidden (at a comparable price level).
In Japan, hotels are designed primarily not for tourists - it doesn't matter whether they are foreigners or locals - but for business travelers. As a rule, these people travel on short-term business trips, having a very modest budget provided by their company - and then the employee will have to report for each yen spent on the trip. So most hotels meet what this most common category of customers wants from them: usually buildings or individual floors in large complexes located near train stations or metro hubs. The rooms are usually tiny (but comfortable and very clean), for one or two people. Depending on the category of the hotel, the bathroom and toilet can be either in the room or shared on the floor.
Reception of one of the Tokyo hotels
In terms of value for money, this accommodation option can be considered the most optimal - especially if you are not going to spend a lot of time in your room and you only need it as a place to sleep. Among the independent Japanese hotels and several hotel chains, two can be distinguished: the Toyoko Inn, which has numerous business-class hotels in many cities in Japan, and the slightly newer and more modern Dormy Inn. Among the amenities offered by the second chain, we can mention the comfortable saunas.
In the past, this was the name of a traditional Japanese inn - now this term is used to describe hotels that, both in the interior and in general in the philosophy of their work, try to adhere to the original traditions.
The floors in the rooms are often lined with reed tatami mats, on which a Japanese futon mattress should be laid out before bed (during the day it is usually stored in a closet).