Classification of the main types of logistics

Classification of the main types of logistics

Logistics is a strategic direction of the company, which allows you to significantly reduce costs in the field of procurement, production and delivery, eliminate risks and stand out from competitors. As a result of competent systematization and optimization of key business processes, the conclusion of profitable deals and the attraction of new customers is ensured. Today we will analyze the definition and types of logistics, its tasks in business, and at the end of the article we will consider how to choose the right transport and logistics company.


Logistics definition

Referring to the world experience, we can safely say that the use of logistics significantly increases the efficiency of doing business.

In successful projects with a worldwide reputation (Ford Motors, Honda, Coca-Cola, IBM), logistics has been the main component since the first days of their existence.

The term is of Greek origin and means - to reason, calculate. This direction is considered as a tool to ensure high competitiveness and reduce the company's losses to minimum values.

To thrive, entrepreneurs strive to anticipate and ensure that consumer needs are met. Today the "golden rule" of business is a combination of three "n":

  • desired action;
  • desired time;
  • desired location.

A logistics strategy helps to achieve the ideal result. The key function of logistics is to ensure the company's competitive attractiveness in the market.

This happens by managing material, information and financial flows in compliance with six principles:

  • Cargo in demand from the buyer.
  • Excellent product quality.
  • Amount required.
  • Timely delivery.
  • Arrival at the desired location.
  • Minimum expenses of the company.

Summarizing, we can say that if the goods that satisfy the consumer's need were delivered to the right place on time, we can assume that the logistics task has been completed.

How it works

Classification and types of logistics

All types of logistics are closely interconnected. The main feature of its classification is its functional orientation.

Logistics as a term in a broad interpretation means the science of the rational distribution of material, information and financial flows. Such a universal concept requires a systemic classification. Division by scale, functional focus, types of resources and other distinctive features - are considered in the proposed material.

Logistics types by functional area

General logistics methods are applicable to almost all areas of economic activity. Each of the functional areas is characterized by its own characteristics that set the specifics of resource flow management. For ease of perception, the classification by the type of business activity is summarized in a short table.

Functional areas of logistics Brief description of Procurement Selection of the optimal source of supply and determination of the feasibility of establishing own production of the initial product. production Internal distribution of resource flows of the enterprise. Management of sales of finished products (for trade organizations - goods) and its stocks. Inventory creation Development of an optimal reservation system for initial products and goods in order to ensure uninterrupted supply and distribution. Selection of the most profitable channels for the formation of logistics chains, through which delivery will be made in a timely manner and at the lowest cost. Customs clearance Organization of import, export and transit international resource flows. Routing of information exchange related to customs administration. money assets management. Organization of the system of optimization of goods turnover, consumer service and warehouse management. energetics Rational distribution of energy flows (electrical, heat).

Large enterprises tend to use an integrated approach that integrates all or most of their activities.

The above table can be supplemented with other categories of functionally specialized logistics. Possible sectors of the economy that require a special approach to regulating flows include, for example, tourism and the hotel business. It makes sense to consider some types separately.


Economics claims that every enterprise, implementing commercial policy, acquires objects of labor. Perhaps, in modern conditions, the universality of this provision can be challenged: some types of activity, mainly associated with the production of intangible assets, do without working capital, and sometimes without fixed assets. But operating firms are forced to purchase components, consumables and raw materials.

Trading networks maintain a variety of assortments by receiving goods from different suppliers.

The purpose of procurement logistics is reduced to an efficient solution of the threefold problem:

  • Timely provision of production (trade) of primary products intended for processing (resale) at the lowest possible prices. In other words, the business must be profitable and operate without downtime.
  • Optimization of circulating assets. This means avoiding overstocking of warehouses with sufficient stocks.
  • Quality control of raw materials, raw materials, components and goods.

Book Description

Book Reviews

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Robert Kiyosaki is convinced that at school our children do not receive the necessary financial knowledge and then work all their lives for money, instead of making money work for themselves. He invites the reader to take a fresh look at this serious problem and teach children how to handle money before they face financial difficulties. For a wide range of readers.

This book has helped millions of people get rich. For over 80 years, Think and Grow Rich has been considered the most respected textbook in the world for achieving success, overcoming adversity and enhancing vitality. In it, the author relies on the statement: "Poverty is a state of mind. Success comes to those who think in terms of success." This conclusion Napoleon Hill made after conducting more than 500 interviews with the most s.

The author of this book is sure that in order to fulfill all your plans and desires, you must first of all succeed in money matters, using the principles of personal finance management, set forth on its pages. This popular and fascinating bestseller provides an understanding of the financial problems that haunt a person throughout his life, and suggests the right solution. The book teaches you how to get money.

Maxim Ilyakhov and Lyudmila Sarycheva show with specific examples what is good and what is bad in informational, advertising, journalistic and journalistic texts. How to write letters to which they will respond and mailings from which they will not unsubscribe. How to create effective and non-vulgar advertisements. How to express thoughts concisely, clearly and convincingly: without linguistic rubbish,.

The chapter titles in this book are tattoos. This is a set of principles and rules, proven by many years of practice of a successful manager, his everyday and organizational experience. These are simple and vivid stories about how and why you need to do business if you want to be successful. Behind each of these chapters are meaningful actions, someone's pain, anguish, joys, good and bad experiences, dismissals and leadership, and most importantly - n.

Walter Isaacson's book "Steve Jobs" is based on conversations with Steve Jobs himself, as well as with his relatives, friends, enemies, rivals and colleagues. Jobs had no control over the author. He answered all questions frankly and expected the same honesty from others. This is a story about a life full of ups and downs, about a strong man and a talented businessman who was one of the first to understand: to.

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