Our tourists have long chosen many Asian countries, but South Korea continues to be a rather exotic destination. Although among European adventure seekers, the country is more and more "in trend", and there is a feeling that the world is waiting for a Korean boom. The correspondent of "Express Gazette" Anton Potemkin went to see what the fuss was about.
I have repeatedly heard the statement that Korea is like Japan. Imagine my surprise when I took a ferry from Japanese Hakata to Korean Busan! Garbage on the streets, mess on the roads, motorcyclists racing along the sidewalks ... there is no smell of Japan here.
I was even more shocked when I checked into a hotel near the station and decided to take a walk. The first thing I saw was a Russian street in Texas. Dumplings, borscht, vinaigrette and vodka, and also an abundance of characters from the 90s, harsh men from somewhere in the Far East. In the evening, prostitutes pour out, most of whom are ours and Filipinas. The latter, by the way, also call you ... in Russian. I asked my compatriots who were from where. Basically - Vladivostok, Nakhodka, Irkutsk, etc.
Later, I often met immigrants from the former USSR who came here to work illegally. And I understood why the Korean border guards more and more often deploy our brother, who has failed to prove that he is a tourist.
But a lot of foreigners come here to work legally. For example, there are many English-speaking expats: Korea has adopted a state program for attracting English teachers. Salary from $ 2000 per month plus free housing. Mostly young Americans and Canadians are traveling. I met one in Seoul. He praised Korean students for their discipline and diligence. But he also regretted because of the congestion: they start at eight in the morning and study until nine in the evening with short breaks.
From 1910 to 1945 Korea was a Japanese colony. The locals were considered second-class people, so they don't like samurai here. And the Japanese argue that it was during the occupation that modern Korean culture arose, the foundations of industry were laid, which today allowed Korea to become the 11th economy in the world. In general, they do not want to apologize.
PSY's real name is Park Chaesang. He became famous for his humorous videos, and his Gangnam Style number seven years ago became the most viewed in the history of YouTube. Photo: globallookpress. om
First impressions of Busan are terrible. But after a few days you start to feel. The city is interesting for Buddhist monasteries, hiking trails in the mountains and wonderful beaches. The Haedong Yonggunsa Sea Buddha Dragon Palace and the 7th century Pomos Temple complex are impressive.
The Jagalchi fish market, the largest in Asia, is also worth a visit. I have not seen such a number of sea reptiles anywhere else. Moreover, Koreans eat them mostly alive. I forced myself to try the sea pineapple (an ascidian species) with a distinct fishy flavor and unusual texture. If you forget that you are eating a living being, it is delicious. But even on pain of being shot, I could hardly eat, for example, gebul sea worms (how disgusting they look!) Or a live octopus, which, even when cut, continues to crawl across the plate. Koreans laugh at the shocked Europeans - they have these delicacies.
In 2016, the government of the Republic of Korea announced an investment of $ 66 billion in new areas of the economy. In 2018, more and more Russian businessmen are sending their children to study at Korean universities, Russian specialists are looking for work in Korea. Korean economic miracle, joining the tail of the phenomenon of mass culture, K-pop, is rapidly conquering the world, and the most daring and pragmatic foreigners are already traveling in this peloton.
In 2012, the South Korean singer PSY posted the video for Gangnam Style on YouTube - in the first two months, it gained over a billion views; in July 2018, the figure exceeded 3.1 billion. So k-pop became a global phenomenon. Back in the early 2010s, South Korea's cultural expansion spread to East Asia. Korean celebrities constantly keep in touch with their fans on social media, creating the effect of close contact and family intimacy. A huge number of fans from all over the world come to the concerts of their favorite K-pop groups. For example, BTS boyband ticket prices start at $ 500 and sell out in one day. The growing popularity of Korean artists abroad increases interest in the country as a whole, in the Korean language, education, and tourism.
Mass culture is followed by the goods of the "creative industry" - cosmetics, electronics. According to the creative agency KOSSA (Korea Creative Content Agency), in 2012 the export of Korean culture (popular music, dramas, films, games) reached $ 4.6 billion, in 2016 - $ 6.3 billion. A $ 100 increase in cultural exports leads to an increase in high-tech exports by $ 412, the Korean economic portal biz reported. hosun. om in January 2013. The "Korean wave" (hallu) is supported by the state and big business, while at the same time creating preferential conditions for foreigners inside the country. A universal way to adapt well in the Republic of Korea is to graduate from the right university.
The Korean educational system has many stages. Education begins at the age of 7. Years in Korea are not counted from the moment of birth, but from the moment of conception.
So a 7-year-old Korean child is the same age as a Russian 6-year-old. Primary school education lasts six years. Then three years - high school. This is a compulsory free education. The next step - three more years of high school - is only paid. It is believed that Koreans make their most important choice when they are 16-17 when they enter high school. Getting into a prestigious school is fundamentally important: the better the school, the higher the chance to pass the Unified State Exam (suneung) for the highest scores and the higher the chance of getting into a prestigious university.
There are only three such universities in the country. From the first letters of their names, they form the word SKY - Seoul University, Goryeo University and Yonse. Koreans have a saying: “SKY is the road to heaven,” writes in the book “Korea and Koreans. What guidebooks are silent about ”Oleg Kiryakov. Almost the entire political elite of the Republic of Korea studied at Seoul University. Korea's global corporations such as Samsung, LG, Hyundai Motor, where the minimum wage is $ 3,700, only accept SKY graduates. The average income in Korea is $ 2,500 per month, the high one starts from $ 5,000, that is, at the starting position in a global corporation, an employee immediately receives a salary above the market average. Competition for SKY universities - more than one hundred applicants per place.
The Unified State Exam is the judgment day of a Korean student. The country takes the state exam every year on the third Thursday of November. Any loud noises in public places are prohibited on this day, advertising is turned off.
Seoul Airport is closing for 30 minutes to allow students to listen to the listening test without interruption.
Let's start with the most interesting - what salary can a Russian expect in South Korea?
What salary can you personally expect? It all depends on the demand for your specialty!
In principle, up to three thousand dollars is quite possible. In Korea, both a college graduate and a skilled worker have roughly the same salary. It is also possible to go for a short period - to work as a watch.
The size of your salary may also depend on the length of service in one enterprise.
So for the same job, a specialist who has worked for several years can receive twice the salary than a newly hired one!
If you have an education and knowledge of English, you can try to look for a job in such areas as: IT specialists, radio engineers, doctors, designers, specialists in chemistry and physics, as well as workers with technical education!
Besides, there is also work, and without special training. And these vacancies are in great demand! Here, minimal or no language knowledge is enough! Since there are not enough workers in the country, workers are always required!
- These are field workers, waiters, bartenders, maids, factory workers.
There is a cult of food in South Korea. One of the questions Koreans often ask a friend is, "Have you eaten yet?" Going to a restaurant is the same kind of leisure as going to the cinema or to the museum. In Korea, they eat only in company, and therefore the portions are often huge. During lunch or dinner, it is customary to share your dish with another and try someone else's. Free snacks and salads - panchang are served in restaurants with meals. Among them there will definitely be kimchi, and very often - pickled radish or soy sprouts. Many Korean dishes are served with a free bowl of rice and drinking water.
In Korean restaurants, they eat with flat metal sticks - they don't look like Chinese or Japanese. The rules of good form prescribe that clean sticks should be folded after eating in the same way as they were before. Leaving them dirty is considered indecent. And it is important to remember that you cannot stick sticks into rice: this is done only at funerals, as an offering to the deceased.
In Korea, fast food is not about burgers and fries, although they are easy to find. On the streets of Seoul, it is more interesting to try spicy "tokbokki" (rice sausages in sauce), hearty "pajong" (pancakes with herbs and vegetables) or sweet "pungoppan" (fish waffles with bean or cream filling). The price is low: about 1.00 won ($ 1) per serving, and sometimes cheaper. Rabokki is a hybrid of ramen and tokbokki, without which Seoul is hard to imagine. The first is considered instant noodles, like "Doshirak". Both are eaten in Korea at every turn, but "rabokki" is not such an obvious dish. The harmonious combination of flavors makes it a must-try. Omuk/oden from Japan is one of the most popular dishes. This is a fishmeal pancake that is rolled up and strung on a skewer. Omuk is on the shelves in containers with spicy broth, along with which this simple snack is served. "Hotteok" or "barbarian bread" is a snack from the beginning of the 20th century. It's a sweet hot pie stuffed with sugar, nuts and cinnamon. By the way, he comes from China.
There are many dishes in Korean cuisine, but soups - meat, fish and vegetable - occupy a special place in it. They are eaten every day, be it tige (thick soup), kuk (broth in addition to main dishes) or tan (not to be confused with a fermented milk drink). Sollonthan is one of the iconic Korean dishes. Some say that this soup appeared in the Joseon era, others that the Koreans borrowed the recipe from the Mongols during the Goryeo dynasty. The shade of the broth varies depending on the region where it is prepared, but it is most often milky white. This color is obtained after a long digestion of beef bones - from a couple of hours to a whole day. Beef soup is served with rice, green onions, salt and black pepper, and is most commonly eaten in winter. Yes, it looks like a hot jelly. Where to try: Woego Jip Seolleongtang, address: 120-8, Samseong-dong, Gangnam-gu "Bude" in the name "bude tige" is translated from Korean as "military base". After the end of World War II, there was a famine in Korea and the locals began to use food from American military bases. This is how bude tige was born - a dish made with spicy broth with sausages, ham, tofu, mushrooms, kimchi, instant noodles, melted cheese and rice sausages.
In Korea, there is a restaurant with a barbecue at every step. There you can order marinated pork, chicken or beef and cook it yourself on the grill in the table. The finished pieces are wrapped in a lettuce leaf and eaten with various vegetables and rice. There are about 30 types of barbecue preparations - they differ in the type of meat, marinade, slicing and spices. "Kalmegisal" - pork barbecue. Unlike the popular samgepsal, this meat is redder and resembles the beef dearly loved by Koreans. Another highlight: an omelette in the rim of the grill. Where to try: Mapo Galmaegi, address: 437-19, Gongdeok-Dong, Mapo-gu "Kalbi" is a barbecue made from beef ribs, but "dakkalbi" is made from chicken meat. Most often, this dish is prepared and served in a wide cast iron skillet. In addition to chicken meat, add cabbage, rice sausages, hot soy paste, onions, soy sauce, sweet potatoes and other vegetables, and sometimes cheese.
For many people, all Asian cuisine is associated with noodles. By the way, it is already about 4000 years old. There are many types of noodles in Korean cuisine. They differ in the type of flour from which the dough is made and the main ingredients. Pyongyang naengmyeon is cold noodles. In the Joseon era, when Naengmyeon appeared, it was eaten at Dongchi (in winter). The fact is that the white radish, which is part of kimchi on the water, was eaten just in winter. There are many varieties of naengmyeon, but there are two main ones, and both come from the northern part of the once united Korea. The Pyongyang version is made with buckwheat noodles, beef slices, vegetables, and chilled beef broth. Where to try it: Jinmi Pyongyang Naengmyeon, 305-3, Hakdong-ro Gangnam-gu Chajangmyeon is directly related to the Korean black day. The country celebrates two Valentine's Day. On February 14, girls give gifts to the guys they like, and on March 14, vice versa. Singles without gifts wear black clothes on April 14 and eat Chajangmyeong. The sauce, which is added to wheat flour noodles, is made with black bean paste, pork, zucchini, potatoes, onions and sesame oil.
This dish is called Korean dumplings. Many joke that the Mongol who opened a dumplings shop in Korea in 1279 was the country's first foreign investor. There is a huge selection of fillings for mandu, and you can cook them in different ways, but the main two are steamed or grilled. "Kimchi Mandu", unlike the classic ones, is prepared with the addition of kimchi - spicy sauerkraut. Such mandu is made with or without meat, and in shape they resemble Japanese gyoza. Main ingredients: dried tofu, funchose, kimchi, onion and garlic. The name "van mandu" literally translates as "royal dumplings". The filling is common: ground pork or ground beef (sometimes both), leeks, green onions, soy sauce, and sometimes tofu. The peculiarity is not inside, but outside - "van mandu" is steamed. It turns out to be a cross between a large round dumpling and a bun.
When travelers talk about Korean food, few people mention sweets. And this is strange, because the choice is great. In addition to the usual cakes from coffee houses and bakeries, for sweets, Koreans eat rice cakes with different fillings (songpyeon), rice flour cookies (dashik), nuts stuffed with nuts and sweet bean paste (khodu-kwaja ) and much more. Bingsu is a dessert that helps you survive the hot Korean summer. The name translates as "ice shavings with red bean paste." The recipe is simple - finely crushed ice acts as the basis, and toppings are different. Especially popular are green tea binsu with sweet condensed milk or fruit. "Yakgwa" or "medicinal sweetness". Traditionally, yakgwa was served during religious ceremonies, weddings, and Korean Thanksgiving, but today it can be eaten at any time. Homemade honey sweetness differs from the store-bought form and texture, although the recipes are almost the same.
The vacation period will start soon. Therefore, you can safely be puzzled by the choice of the country to visit. If you are tired of the usual tourist destinations, and you are thinking about where to spend your vacation, you want to relax in comfort and maximum safety, but at the same time see something completely new, then North Korea is for you. If you want to go on vacation to the DPRK - is it worth going in 2021, what you need to know about the peculiarities of recreation in this country - read about everything in this article.
Brief Historical Background
The history of the DPRK as a state began quite recently - in the middle of the last century. Korea at that time was dependent on Japan, however, as a result of the Second World War and the Cold War, it was literally divided into two parts. And, if the Republic of Korea followed the "western" path of development, then the DPRK began to maintain ties with the Soviet Union.
But now, the Soviet Union collapsed, and the DPRK continues to be a closed place, completely unlike other countries. Here the economy is almost completely regulated by the authorities, there is a national ideology - Juche, militarism and totalitarianism prevail.
Although at the beginning of the new millennium there have been some attempts to weaken this regime, for the most part they are nominal. That is why people from other countries of the world practically do not understand how the local population actually lives in this country and what is happening there. However, some tourists still come to this country - just for such exoticism.
The DPRK is located in East Asia, shares the Korean Peninsula with the Republic of Korea (South Korea). It is washed by the Yellow and Japan Seas. Those who manage to get there as tourists will discover natural beauty: mountain ranges, the country also has reserves and national parks.
The country's climate is moderate monsoon. As a rule, the weather is sunny. In winter, in the country, excluding mountains, the average temperature is about 7 degrees below zero. In summer, on the contrary, it is hot - around 25 degrees Celsius. It should be noted that during the period from July to September the territory of the country can be attacked by typhoons.
Peculiarities of recreation in the DPRK
Traveling to the DPRK: individually or in a group?
Japan is an amazing country with the secrets of ancient monasteries and samurai traditions. It is specifically the orientation of tourism that is especially developed in it, but there are also rich opportunities for beach, health and ski recreation.