Schools in Japan: types of institutions and process features

Tour Japanese education system: one day with teachers from Russia and Kazakhstan

If you are going to move the whole family to another country, it is important to find out in advance the specifics of the educational system. This is especially true for Asian countries, in which the school process differs markedly from the Russian one. Therefore, considering moving to the Land of the Rising Sun, it is worth understanding how schools in Japan are arranged.

Features of the education system

As in most countries of the world, education in Japan is divided into preschool, school, higher and additional education. Schools are divided into three grades:

  • primary - from 1st to 6th grades;
  • secondary - from 7th to 9th grades;
  • senior - from 10th to 12th grades.

Classes at each level are numbered separately, for example, instead of the 7th grade, the Japanese enter the 1st grade of high school.

In addition to the regular ones, there are separate schools for children with disabilities at each of the levels.

Every Japanese is required to complete only elementary and high school. But in practice, about 96% of Japanese adolescents continue their education in senior institutions.

Instead of the numbering system of educational institutions adopted in most countries of the world, almost every school in Japan bears the name of the area where it is located.

Classification of schools

According to the form of ownership, all educational institutions of the country are divided into private, public and state. The main difference between state institutions and public institutions is that the former are on the balance sheet of the country's budget, while the authorities of the municipality or prefecture are responsible for financing the latter.

Education in public and state primary and secondary schools is free, and private schools of all levels offer exclusively paid education.

Higher schools are paid, regardless of the form of ownership: on average, education in them costs about $ 3,700 per year. Government and corporate grants are provided for talented children.

You can study in public and private schools regardless of where you live, and public only accept children from the area to which they belong.

It is the form of ownership that often determines how schools in Japan are organized. Many elite private institutions are organized in the format of a boarding house with permanent residence of students on campus. In addition, the separate education of boys and girls is practiced only in private educational institutions.

A special tour organized by gaku took place at the end of March. ru: for the first time, the Nihon Ryugaku Center invited a delegation of teachers and heads of educational institutions from Russia and Kazakhstan to Japan. The purpose of the trip is to get acquainted with the experience of Japanese colleagues in the field of education.

By the time I joined the group as a journalist, the tour participants had already visited Waseda University. How one of the most famous universities in Japan works, the teachers have already learned. But the question that arose by itself, how do foreigners enter a Japanese university, remained unanswered then. Today we had to find out.

Iron link "Language school + university"

Everyone was looking forward to a trip to Toyo Language School, because it is language schools that are structures that are unique in their kind. For a student from Russia or Kazakhstan who has already completed secondary education in their country, a language school is the first step on the way to higher and special education in Japan.

The task of the school is extremely difficult: in 1-2 years to prepare a foreigner for admission to a Japanese university. In other words, you need to give a huge amount of language knowledge in a short period of time. But how is this possible? The experience of our Japanese colleagues who have been working in this field for 20 years already shows that this is real. We were all invited to one of the classes, where we made a presentation and talked about how the learning process in TLS is structured. It turned out that teachers use special approaches not only to building a lesson plan, but also to assigning students to classes, explaining hieroglyphs or grammar.

Visit Tokyo Communication Arts College

When a student speaks Japanese, unique opportunities open up for him. The tour participants were able to personally verify this when they visited Tokyo Communication Arts College. It is possible to get a diploma in the specialty "Automotive design" or "Production of video games" in Japan - there are very few such faculties in the same Russian educational institutions. And also, in this college, anime and manga artists are trained.

At the very beginning of the meeting, the guests were guided through a small museum at the college, where teachers could learn about the history of the educational institution, see examples of students' work. One of the questions that interested teachers was how classes were held in college, because studying at the faculty of manga and anime requires not only theory, but also practice. It turned out that the college provided for everything: classrooms equipped with powerful computers, a library with additional materials.

But this is all the technical side of the issue. Most importantly, Japanese colleges are closely associated with video game manufacturers, car companies, and animation studios. That is, they know exactly what kind of specialists are needed in the market today, and they train them.

Our teachers really liked the Japanese college. The guests promised to tell their students about him. So, it is quite possible that very soon the sensei of Tokyo Communication Arts College will be proud to talk about the work of students from Russia and Kazakhstan ...

Sakura and impressions of the trip

Agree that during any official trip you want not only to work, but also to relax. As part of the tour, the Nihon Ryugaku Center prepared an entertainment program. On that day, the teachers went to Ueno Park, where they could admire the cherry blossoms and learn about the history of the area. Those interested went to the zoo, which was open very close.

In the meantime, I was able to talk with some of the participants and ask them about their impressions of the day and the trip in general.

Do you dream of getting an education in a country famous for its high technological development, unique island climate, picturesque nature and cultural traditions observed for centuries? Do you want to find an interesting job and get a decent pay for it?

Come to us! Studying and working in Japan is real. It is enough just to set a goal and go to it step by step.

Japanese university admissions rules have been simplified! No more needed -th year

Today, when Japanese universities began to accept students from Russia with 11 grade education, without requiring a 12th year of study, it has become much easier to enter a university in Japan. Perhaps not all educational institutions in Japan will be able to accept students with 11-year education in the future, but most universities have already simplified admission, so everyone who wants to study in Japan has a real chance.

However, the exams have remained the same, and for the applicant the most important task is still learning Japanese. Despite the increased loyalty of the Japanese government to foreign students and workers lately, classes in most universities are conducted only in Japanese. And in order to be able to study on an equal basis with the rest of the students of the course and to master the program with high quality, the language level must be at least N1. The applicant must be fluent in Japanese on any topic, read abstracts and comprehend fluent Japanese speech by ear.

It is very difficult to achieve such results on your own, no matter what tutors you contact. Language is a medium of communication and is best learned with native speakers. That is why most of those wishing to learn Japanese, not only for general development, but also in order to use the knowledge gained in further studies or work, prefer to study in language schools in Japan.

This does not mean that you should give up a tutor or quit language courses. The better you know the language before traveling to Japan, the easier it will be to adapt to an unfamiliar country. Schools rarely accept students with a zero level, the usual requirement is knowledge of the alphabet - hiragana and katakana, as well as the most common phrases.

Teaching in language schools, as well as in universities, is conducted in Japanese, but the material is presented in such a way that a beginner can also figure it out. For example, lessons for beginners are based on visual images - the teacher not only names an object or action, but also demonstrates it in different ways. This method allows you to quickly learn the basics. In addition, willy-nilly, the student is forced to constantly practice the language, communicating with classmates, teachers, in shops, cafes and on public transport. In such a comfortable communicative environment, any foreign language learns very quickly. And a pleasant bonus of studying in Japan will be new acquaintances, interesting excursions, popular attractions, traditional holidays and cultural events.

Where can I go to study after class?

We remind you that complete secondary education for admission to Japanese higher education institutions is confirmed not only by a certificate of completion of the 11th grade of school, but also by a college diploma. That is, 9 grades + college = 11 grades. And if you have the appropriate education, and you have been studying Japanese for more than a year and passed the exam for the N1 or N2 level, the following Japanese universities will open the doors for you:

Program Types

The inhabitants of the Land of the Rising Sun from childhood are very attentive to their studies, because this is the key to getting a stable job and developing a career. It is more difficult for Russians to enter educational institutions and continue their studies in Japan due to the complexity of the language, but there is an option for education in English.

MIDREAM Japanese Language School in Tokyo (Japan)

Home Language International for Children and Adults in Japan (Japanese)

SHINJUKU JAPANESE LANGUAGE INSTITUTE School in Tokyo for adults over 16

Early childhood education in Japan

Kindergartens are mostly frequent, and it is almost impossible to get into state ones. In addition, there are nurseries. Visiting these establishments is optional. Groups in kindergartens are small, 5-6 people each, and their composition changes every six months, as does the educational one. The atmosphere in such institutions is modest: children play, study, sleep in the same room. The change of caregivers was invented in order to develop the child's communication skills.

In addition to the above institutions, there are also special institutions for the disabled. The duration of preschool education is 3 years, then the child goes to primary school.

Secondary education in Japan

Secondary education is divided into 3 levels:

Japanese language courses in Russia

Japanese lessons

Currency calculator

At all times, schoolchildren and their parents are concerned about one single question - "where to go to study." Each of us understands that the main goal of any education is to gain a competitive advantage. Then you can find a job and make a successful career. But these are all common words. It is much more difficult to name a specific list of profitable professions. Parents are guessing, experts are making predictions.

Let's refer to the data of specialists. The results of the work of the group of experts on the Strategy 2020 project were published by Kommersant under the intriguing title “Professions of the Future Determined”. According to forecasts, by 2025 more people will start working in the non-productive economy in Russia. The list is closed by the growth data “in the hotel and restaurant segments - from 1.9% to 2.3%”. In practice, this may mean that training in these areas guarantees employment. There is one problem: it is not so easy to get high-quality vocational training in our country. According to Yaroslav Kuzminov, Rector of the Higher School of Economics, Russia has an extremely weak training system for professional and applied qualifications. “Despite the fact that for more than ten years employers have been declaring a serious shortage of such qualified performers, the education system cannot in any way respond to this demand,” RIA Novosti quoted him as saying.

If not in your own country, where else can you get professional education? The answer is obvious, you have to go abroad, or rather, to Japan. This path is not as exotic as it might seem at first glance. Most students from Russia now go to Japan only for language education. They learned Noreku until the second and return home, replenishing the army of translators or simply connoisseurs of the Japanese language.

For those who seriously think about the future, there is a training scheme "language school + Japanese college". Scheme tested by foreign students. It is this kind of education that gives that very competitive advantage, or rather a foreign language and profession. What kind of profession you can get in Japan, we were told by Numata Hiroshi, a teacher at the Tokyo language school "Interkultura".

On May 18, the "Fair of professions" took place on the basis of the educational institution. This is a special event for students who plan to continue their studies in Japan. What professions are now popular among foreigners? What colleges do the graduates of the Interkultura school go to? Current trends, prospects for a student who dreams of studying and working in Japan - these are the main topics of the interview.

Choosing a profession in Japan

The Professions Fair is a unique event in which students have the opportunity to choose a college they like and learn more about getting a special education in Japan.

It is not easy for foreign students to find and select a college on their own, to deal with the documentation and the procedure for passing exams. Even after a couple of years of living in Japan and studying at a language school, there are many incomprehensible moments. After all, there is not only a language barrier, but also a social barrier. We help students overcome fears, self-doubt. Leading colleges in Tokyo are welcomed directly to our school. The event is quite serious, because we are talking about choosing a future career. But since communication is built in the environment familiar to the student, within the walls of his native school, with our teachers nearby, always ready to help, some tension disappears by itself. Communication between college representatives and students takes place in a confidential atmosphere.

This time we invited 9 schools. We tried to cover the widest range of specialties. From Culinary College to Broadcasting and Acting.

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