School system in Spain

School system in Spain

The choice of the Kingdom of Spain as a destination for emigration is influenced by many factors: comfortable climatic conditions, a rich history of the country, a huge number of attractions and a friendly population. Children who move here with their parents can take advantage of an excellent opportunity to get a quality education at one of the local schools, learn the language, thereby increasing their chances of entering a higher educational institution. However, first you need to find out what schools in Spain are, how you can enter them and what are the features of accepting applications from foreign citizens.

How the Spanish school system works

The whole process of education and upbringing of the younger generation in Spain is divided into several stages:

  • pre-school education (Educación Infantil);
  • primary school (Educación Primaria);
  • high school (Educación Secundaria Obligatoria);
  • high school (Bachillerato);
  • higher education (Educación superior).

Only the first and last two steps are optional. However, it should be borne in mind that in order to enter school, it is still better for a child to undergo training in a preschool institution, all the more it is necessary if you want your child to study in a specific educational institution.

Primary and secondary schools are collectively referred to as "basic". It makes sense to go to the senior level only if you plan to enter a university.

Secondary education in Spain has a number of features:

  • the academic year does not consist of quarters, but of trimesters;
  • at the end of each trimester, students take exams, while, if they “failed” more than two subjects, they have a chance to stay for the second year;
  • desks in classes are designed for only one student;
  • for music lessons, each student must have a flute;
  • all lessons last 55 minutes;
  • knowledge is assessed on a 10-point system;
  • the subject "Religion" is included in the curriculum. However, there is an alternative for schoolchildren and their parents: instead of this subject, they can choose any other, which they will attend while other children receive spiritual education.

The academic year does not start on September 1, as is customary, say, in Russia, but closer to the middle of this month. This is usually the closest Monday to September 15th. Ceremonial rulers or other events are not held here on the first day of classes - children just come to school, sit at their desks and begin to gain knowledge.

It is noteworthy that the composition of the classes in Spanish schools is changed every 2 years. This is done in order to make it easier for children to enter society, to help them find new friends, while not forgetting to value old ones.

Educational buildings, as a rule, are particularly reliable, so parents can be completely calm about the safety of their child. In addition, only those persons who are on a special list of “pick-ups” can pick up children under 12 years old

The school principal is the key figure in the educational process. As a rule, he knows by sight each student and his parents. The schoolchildren can tell the principal about any of their problems and get support from him.

Spanish School Types

Whether your child will study in Benidorm or Madrid, first you have to decide on the type of educational institution to which you will send your child. There are 3 types of schools in Spain:

  • public (colegios publicos) - are free for all categories of citizens. However, parents will have to purchase textbooks at their own expense and cover ongoing administrative costs during the year. Public schools are usually attended by children from families with different levels of income, and the number of people wishing to study in them is so great that the classes are sometimes overcrowded. For Russian children, this category of educational institutions will be inaccessible if they do not yet have resident status and permanent registration;
  • semi-state (colegios concertados) - partial funding of these schools is carried out by the local authorities or the Catholic Church. Despite this, children receive a secular education in such schools;
  • private (colegio privados) - funded by student contributions. They are the most popular among expats.

Primary school

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