Presentation on the topic; Virtual tourism

The history and development of virtual tours

Tourism is recognized as the economic phenomenon of the century. And like all successful industries, it is digitized and virtualized in its own way. 3D tours allow everyone to travel. And businessmen have opened up a new dimension of immersive advertising. Read about how virtual tours appeared and developed in our article. A virtual tour is a journey with the effect of being anywhere in the world using a computer or gadget

Perhaps, it is worth starting with a clear definition: a virtual tour is a realistic three-dimensional image consisting of cylindrical, spherical panoramas assembled from photographs, three-dimensional objects and active links-transitions (hotspots). Most virtual tours provide the ability to "navigate" using interactive keys. For a person who launched a 3D tour, this is an opportunity to get to a new place. This creates a much more immersive effect than viewing photos or videos. A distinctive feature of such a software product is vivid images and strong impressions. Therefore, virtual tours quickly found their place in advertising: with their help it is easier to attract a person to an unknown corner of the planet, showing him “a la nature”.

How did virtual tours appear?

You will not believe, but this invention of mankind is already more than twenty years old! The first virtual tour (and the very definition) appeared in 1994 in the UK. It was then that the Dudley Castle Museum created a 3D reconstruction of the building with the ability to "walk" through the premises, decorated in the style of 1550. The first virtual tour was designed by engineer Colin Johnson, and the groundbreaking presentation consisted of a control system (on a computer) and panoramas (on a disk). Queen Elizabeth II watches the world's first virtual tour of Dudley Castle

One of the first users of the virtual tour was Queen Elizabeth II, who officially opened the visitor center in June 1994. When Queen's representatives requested the title, description and directions of all activities of the new presentation, the system was named and described as: "Virtual tour, a mixture of virtual reality and royal tour." Details of the original project can be found on its official website. The system was later presented at a British Museum conference in November 1994, and described in a white paper. Footage of the first virtual tour with a 3D reconstruction of Dudley Castle

Famous Virtual Tours

As you can see, the history of virtual tours began with museums. Museums have continued this tradition. Today, all self-respecting large museums have 3D tours:

  • Vatican, Sistine Chapel;
  • Smithsonian Museum of Natural History;
  • Kremlin;
  • Collection of the State Hermitage;
  • Uffizi Gallery;
  • Frick Collection;
  • Prado;
  • Metropolitan Museum Collection;
  • Russian Museum ;
  • Reconstruction of the 1898 Tretyakov Gallery;
  • Salvador Dali Museum in Florida;
  • Museum of Oriental Art in Chicago;
  • Museum of Moscow; <
  • Moscow Planetarium;
  • Museum of Civil Aviation;
  • Skansen in Chernivtsi;
  • Louvre;
  • British Museum;
  • Madame Tussauds Museum.

How virtual tours have developed and changed

The very first virtual tour - a tour of Dudley Castle - was very high quality and thoughtful for its time. But it took hundreds of hours to create it, as it was modeling buildings, creating 3D models for all objects. A unique navigation program was developed especially for this groundbreaking presentation. Subsequent tours were created on the basis of the first software developments. And panoramas were mostly created from ordinary photos. By using a free online service to create virtual tours, as well as by taking a few photos on their phone, anyone can make a simple interactive walk. But every new online tour from serious companies is a real 3D game that provides a huge number of options. There is often a map or building plan showing your location. Some objects are not just photographed, but simulated. The possibilities of navigation and interactive links have also been expanded. A significant difference between more modern tours is the increase in photo resolution. You won't surprise anyone with an HD tour. Therefore, even quite successful tours of ten years ago are being updated to meet the increasing demands of modern users. The developers claim that the future belongs to virtual glasses. They will give a much more immersive effect than the screen, and will also allow navigation with the eyes. Everything is like in life: turned his head - the picture has changed.

Date of publication: 19. 1.018 2018-11-19

Article viewed 689 times

Bibliographic description:

Fedotova, D. A. Virtual tour of the college as an innovative form of vocational guidance for applicants/D. A. Fedotova, D. A. Koldina. - Text: direct//Young scientist. - 2018. - No. 46. (232.). - S. 48-51. - URL: . u/archive/232/53996/(date accessed: 17.2.021).

A virtual college tour as an innovative form of vocational guidance for applicants

Fedotova Diana Alekseevna, student; Koldina Diana Andreevna, student

Academic Supervisor: Balabutkina Evgeniya Leonidovna, teacher

Regional State Autonomous Professional Educational Institution "Khabarovsk Technological College"

According to information from the Internet in the Khabarovsk Territory, a virtual tour was created at three educational institutions. KGA POU "Khabarovsk Technological College" is not one of them, so we decided to create a virtual tour of the college, using a limited set of tools and programs so that the material costs for its creation were minimal, without the involvement of third-party organizations.

The goal of the project is to develop a virtual tour of the college to attract applicants.

In this article, you will learn about the process of creating a virtual tour, from planning and conducting photography, and ending with assembling a tour from 3D panoramas.


Stages of creating virtual D tours

The first thing to do is to choose the optimal number of panoramas that will make up your virtual tour and the points of their shooting so as to show the location in the most complete and informative way.

Next, count and take into account all additional. modifications that will be built into the project (location plan, structured list of panoramas, tips, etc.).

Also, do not forget to take into account the following features of the location:

  • complexity of lighting and availability of mirrors;
  • time when the tour can be filmed;
  • preparation of premises;
  • obtaining the necessary permits for photography from the owners of the premises.

From the above, it will become clear how long it will take to shoot and assemble the 3D tour.

Counting the number of panoramas and choosing shooting points

If the room is not of a complex shape and is not strongly zoned, then you can roughly place survey points on the floor plan.

When it is not possible to arrange panoramas on the plan, or the room is very large and/or of non-standard shape, there are a lot of panoramas, etc. ., then in order to agree on the shooting points, you will need to organize a preliminary departure of the photographer. For the customer, the advantage of this option will be the opportunity to communicate with the contractor live and receive substantive recommendations on the preparation of the premises.


Annotation to the presentation

Presentation for schoolchildren on the topic "Virtual tourism" in informatics. pptCloud. u - a convenient directory with the ability to download a powerpoint presentation for free.


Virtual tourism

Completed by a student of group M2 Sergey Volygin

The problem with modern tourism is that not everyone can afford it. This fully applies to Russia and other countries of the former CIS: the standard of living of the average Russian is such that the only journey available to him is a trip to his dacha.

In this situation, there are prospects for a special direction of tourism, which may arise in the very near future. We are talking about virtual tourism, when the traveler does not need to leave his country to visit the Louvre, admire the pyramids, appreciate the scale of the Great Wall of China or visit the Taj Mahal.

How did it all start?

The very first way to travel without leaving home was through the stories of travelers. Many centuries ago, the whole village gathered with interest near the wandering pilgrims and, opening their mouths, listened to stories about distant lands. Bylinas and ballads were composed about travel, then books began to be written about them

Nowadays virtual tourism is characterized by a lot of forms and variations. Books and oral stories of eyewitnesses have been replaced by photo, video, 3D tours, as well as films, programs and various interactive content. Virtual travel: photo galleries, photo reports of travelers

Virtual or online excursions - have you heard of these? Did you think that virtual tours are an accessible video on youtube or on the official website of the museum? You are partly right. In this report, we will analyze the available online excursions. Let's see how they differ from videos. Let's define the similarity of this tour with the virtual one. Let's estimate the price category of online excursions. We will also find out the opinions of virtual excursionists.

First of all, let's dwell on the concepts of virtual and online excursions.

Are online and virtual tours the same thing?

These two concepts can be considered synonymous. But in our opinion, a virtual tour is an accessible video. It can be paid or freely available. But once recorded, it is repeated many times and is sometimes outdated. For example, the exposition of a museum or the attribution of objects has changed for a long time. In the recording, we hear incorrect data and see a showcase with an old arrangement of artifacts.

The online tour takes place in real time. It is as unique as any other excursion. Yes, a good guide has a “fish”, “blank”. But every time he modifies it depending on the circumstances. As there are no two completely identical drops of water, there are no two identical excursions.

Live tour of the Novodevichy Cemetery

But! With regard to the Internet, we do not consider it necessary to separate the concepts. Isn't the online tour virtual? Doesn't it go through the internet? Why can't you call it virtual? The same is true for a recorded museum or walking video. It can be called an online excursion.

Therefore, we do not consider it a big difference "what to call our excursion yacht" - a virtual or online excursion. This is a live tour, NOT a pre-recorded video.

Online tour Why buy it if there is a free video?

Accessible museum videos and virtual walks are good and necessary. They are convenient in many ways.

1. not free. 2. can be viewed at any time. Even interrupt and continue later. 3. The widest choice of topics.

I agree. The trump cards are undeniable and almost unbeatable. At first glance, online excursions are losing in all respects.

1. and they have to be paid. Much less than regular tours, but nonetheless. 2. Fixed time of the excursion. 3. The topic is much narrower.

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