France is a dynamically developing European country, a member of the EU and the Schengen area. The popularity and prestige of local education among foreign students, including from the CIS, is growing every year. The reason for this is the excellent learning conditions and job prospects in the EU countries. What are the characteristics of a French education? What do foreign applicants need to enroll in local universities?
The French education system is centralized, its policies are fully controlled by the Ministry of National Education. There are over 60,000 educational institutions of various levels in the country, up to 20% of which are private. At the same time, the total number of students is more than 15 million people.
The main language of instruction is French. Several universities have developed and implemented courses for foreign students in English.
Important: The teaching of religion is prohibited in primary and secondary education.
The French education system includes several stages
The length of the academic year is standardized at the level of the Ministry of National Education. All over the country, children start school in early September and finish in early July. Holidays are expected throughout the year:
The structure of the educational system consists of 3 levels.
Primary educational institutions - preschool educational institutions (nurseries, kindergartens) and primary schools.
French universities attract applicants from many countries of the world, including Russia, with a high level of teaching and surprisingly low prices for Europe. Higher education received in France is highly regarded both in all French-speaking and other countries of the world. And, which is especially important for Russian applicants, the process of admission to French universities is as simple as possible.
France, the cradle of revolutions and a recognized trendsetter, has held leading positions in the field of education for centuries. Over 250,000 foreign students come here every year. One of the most advanced and effective, the higher education system in France is not accidentally so popular among applicants from all over the world.
How can higher education in France attract our compatriots? Universities in France, being funded by the state, allow getting education practically free of charge - annually about 1.5% of the country's GDP is spent on higher education. As a result, education in state universities costs students, including foreign ones, only 130-700 euros per year. In addition, universities are very loyal to applicants and are ready to accept everyone. The role of entrance exams is played by an interview and (in some universities) a dossier competition.
In total, there are about 90 state universities in the country. Regardless of whether they are located in the capital or the province, French universities provide the same high quality of knowledge. Therefore, you can safely choose any university in any city that seems the most attractive to you.
While higher education in France complies with European standards (LMD), it also has its own national peculiarity: differences in the systems of diplomas, academic degrees, in dividing the educational process into cycles.
The main stages of study at universities are licentiate, master and doctoral degrees. A licentiate degree - License - students receive after three years of study at the university, a master's degree - Master - after five, and a doctorate - Doctorat (PhD) - can be obtained after studying at the university for eight years. Thanks to the special system of equivalence of French diplomas, students can change courses of study, moving to other universities and faculties. It is also considered to be one of the benefits of higher education in France.
Depending on the degree of duration, the entire educational process can be divided into two directions: "short" (les formations courtes) and "long" (les formations longes) cycles.
This cycle, designed for two years, allows, without delaying the learning process, to quickly start an independent professional activity. Those who entered the "short cycle", universities in France provide the opportunity to receive specialized education in the field of economics, communications, services, electronics, etc.
Upon completion of the "short cycle", graduates receive a diploma of technology (DUT) or a diploma of higher technical education (DEUST). After that, training can be continued to acquire an additional specialty, or a transition to a "long cycle" is possible. After that, the holders of the diplomas are issued a professional license (License professionnelle) or a national specialized technological diploma (DNTS).
"Long cycle" is a study at the University of France in several consecutive cycles, each of which ends with the receipt of a separate state diploma. There are three of them.
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