Features of education in Italy

Features of education in Italy

The education system in Italy is controlled by the state, it directly depends on the Ministry of Education, which financially maintains schools at all levels and controls the study in private institutions. It also independently develops and then brings educational programs to educational institutions. Teachers (in all subject disciplines) are hired in government-controlled schools for teaching positions through competitions. Unlike secondary education, higher education in Italy (academies, universities, etc.) has the right to a personal independent organization of the educational process, they independently compose educational programs, but are provided financially by the Ministry of Education. In most of them, in order to maintain a high level of education in the field of obtaining professions, final examination tests have been introduced.

The modern education system in Italy is constantly being reformed with the aim of improving it. At this time, its next change is being carried out, designed to dock Italian studies with European ones.

Grades and types of education

Studying in Italy, as elsewhere, has a stepped structure, where Italians study from the very tender age to the acquisition of a profession. However, the educational stages do not end here either, because in this state you can study additionally if you wish. So, the scheme of study in Italy has the following structure:

  • Preschool education (la scuola Materna) - provides education for children aged 3-6;
  • School education:
    • Primary grades ( la scuola Elementare) - children 6-10 years old study here;
    • Middle classes (la scuola Media) - teenagers 11-13 years old are educated;
  • Secondary education:
    • Higher classes (la scuola Superiore) - training for teenagers 14-19 years old;
    • Lyceums - prepare students for admission to universities and universities;
  • Higher education:
    • University group (private, public universities, universities for foreigners, higher schools, telecommunications universities)
    • Non-university group (higher schools of applied and fine arts, design, national academies, conservatories, choreographic schools. And also: schools of integrated training in technical narrow areas, diplomacy, archival, military affairs, schools of translators);
    • Academies (institutions cool studies, associations for the study of history, educational centers, literary institutes, foreign departments)

Preschool education in Italy

The upbringing of children in this state begins, as in many others, from a young age. Already from 3 to 6 years old, kids can go to school for early development (scuola Materna). This is an analogue of Russian kindergartens, in which little Italians learn to communicate with each other, play, develop physically in sports. In a word, during this period, the children are laying the foundations of social adaptation and preparing for schooling.

Preschool education in Italy in many children's institutions is carried out according to the method of the famous M. ontessori. In addition to them, Catholic children's groups in churches are also widespread, where the education of babies is entrusted to nuns. In them, in addition to the main educational biases, special attention is paid to the upbringing of spirituality, world outlook, the basics of Christianity and faith. They adhere to traditional methods of education.


School education in Italy involves the start of education at the age of six. It is divided into two groups according to age and degree of learning difficulty.

Elementary classes (la scuola Elementare) teach children 6-10 years old. This is a free education in Italy, compulsory for all little Italians, such disciplines are studied here: reading, native language and writing in it, arithmetic, drawing, music and others. Religion is not a compulsory subject, it is studied on a voluntary basis. Primary school educational schedules always include at least one foreign language. Children of this age study every day for 6 hours and 5 days a week. The marks are "excellent", "satisfactory", "good", and not marks in numbers, as in Russia.

Studying abroad has always been considered prestigious for Russians. It implies a high level of knowledge, life in another country and fluency in a foreign language. Graduates with diplomas from European universities are more likely to be hired in the European Union and in the homeland of a former student. However, it is not easy for a Russian student to enter a foreign university, including because of the high cost of such education. Therefore, many teenagers choose countries that provide an opportunity to receive the coveted diploma for relatively little money. And in this case, studying in Italy may be a good option.

The benefits of studying in Italy

Studying in Italy, in addition to living in one of the most beautiful and culturally rich countries in Europe, promises students many advantages, the list of which includes:

  • High level of training.
  • Ability to study in English or Italian.
  • Affordable cost.
  • Professionalism in the creative industries from design and fashion.
  • Providing the world's best art education in the home of the world's masterpieces of painting and sculpture.
  • Flexibility of the educational process.
  • Permission to work up to 20 hours a week.

The educational system is built on the responsibility and self-discipline of students. Educators do not monitor attendance and assignments. The results achieved by the students are assessed by the examination committee.

Higher education system in Italy

The Italian higher education system can be divided into the following types of institutions:

  • University. It includes state higher institutions for citizens of the country, universities that accept foreigners, private accredited institutions, higher schools of postgraduate education.
  • Non-university. Includes colleges that train translators, designers, archivists, technicians, medical professionals, choreographers. These also include conservatories, schools of fine and applied arts.

Most institutions last 5 years. Doctors have to study for a year longer. The training ends with the passing of qualification exams, on the basis of which the graduate receives a diploma.

Universities operate within the framework of a common European system, providing graduates with the following educational stages:

Italy is considered the center of world fashion, the birthplace of design and the cradle of education. The country is known for its oldest universities and vocal schools. The origins of the modern (Bologna) education system in universities are located here - in the city of the same name. It is not surprising that young people from Russia and other CIS countries are attracted to education in Italy.

Advantages of education in Italy

The number of those wishing to enroll in Italian higher education institutions is constantly growing, since a specialty confirmed by a European diploma will be able to provide employment in all EU countries and almost anywhere in the world. But that is not all.

What are the advantages of Italian education:

  • Tuition fees are significantly lower than in other European countries, especially tuition in Italian.
  • HEIs enjoy wide autonomy and develop their own curricula.
  • It is not difficult to enter the university, the procedure and requirements are quite simple. And yet, only one in three receives a bachelor's degree, since studying in Italy is much more difficult than in other European countries.
  • The quality of education is high, especially in areas such as design, painting, fashion, music and operatic vocals.
  • There is freedom of choice in what to learn. There is a basic set of disciplines, with respect to the rest, students can decide for themselves, choosing courses and teachers. They can even determine for themselves the schedule of classes and exams.
  • The process and quality of education in private schools is checked and monitored by the state.
  • It is possible to constantly retake exams.
  • State scholarship for successful students.
  • Students, including foreign ones, can officially work during their studies.

Training Programs

Good parents want their children to be well-rounded, full-fledged members of society, and the education system in Italy helps to achieve this. For this purpose, stages have been specially introduced, such as elementary, junior high and high school. To improve the level of education for schoolchildren, state examinations have been introduced.

Many Italian educational institutions are funded by the state, but they all enjoy wide freedom in curriculum and organizational design.

Some of them, including design institutes in Italy, private universities and fashion academies, provide instruction not only in Italian but also in English.

Linguistic centers and schools, for example in the city of Rimini, specialize in teaching Italian as a foreign language. A group of about 10 people takes a standard course - 20 Italian lessons per week. An individual course can last up to 30 lessons.

Russian students, if necessary, can take:

  • Italian business course, studying economics and law;
  • special courses in art and design;
  • a program for historians and art historians, while visiting museums and design workshops.

Preschool education in Italy

The peculiarities of kindergartens in Italy are that almost all of them are privately owned. Groups of 15-20 people aged from 3 to 5 years together and actively prepare for primary education at school. Parents pay for the child's insurance and meals. Delivery of children from the garden home is possible, but for a fee. Preschool education in Italy is optional.

Most people associate this European country with antiquity and the origins of modern knowledge. Here the international language of doctors - Latin was born, the oldest of the existing universities - the University of Bologna, was opened, buildings were built that became a model for classical architectural styles. Currents arose in the world of art, philosophy and education, which gave names to entire eras.

Combined with a great, warm climate and gentle sea, all these features make higher education in Italy extremely attractive for international students. As for the student exchange within the framework of Erasmus, the country is firmly in first place, confidently overtaking not only Switzerland, but also the UK.

The benefits of education in Italy

Popular Universities in Italy

All universities in Italy


There are no curricula here. The student himself forms the schedule according to which his studies in Italy will take place, choosing not only subjects, but also the teachers who read them. Final exams confirm or deny the correctness of the choice. But students who have created an unsuccessful curriculum are not at all upset, since studying in Italy is not regulated in any way. For example, at the Milan Polytechnic, you will be shown students whose studies have stretched out for a quarter of a century.

There are also a lot of programs in English, which makes it much easier for Ukrainians, who most often study this particular language, to enroll.

Therefore, studying in Italy is quite easy and, at the same time, very difficult. Here life is "in full swing", something is constantly happening: festivals, theatrical shows, shocking exhibitions, concerts, etc. So it is very difficult to spend the lion's share of time studying in Italy, you need a real desire and remarkable willpower.


Higher education in Italy: training according to European standards!

Europe is one of the most popular tourist destinations. France with its luxury resorts, Paris and Provence. Germany and Spain are very popular for tourists of all ages. The Czech Republic welcomes you with its architecture, narrow streets and an abundance of attractions. And, of course, Italy. Everyone has heard of the city on the water - Venice, and the capital of world fashion is Milan?

For those who wish to study abroad, Italy is an equally popular destination. European education is highly valued in the vastness of the former Soviet Union, in Asia, America and Canada. A European university diploma opens many doors for its holder.

Studying in English and German colleges costs a lot of money, so not everyone can afford this pleasure. But studying in Italy has a more affordable cost and quality is not worse!

The republic is known not only for its achievements in the field of fashion, but also for its poets, artists, composers and talented scientists. This country is renowned for its ancient traditions and rich culture that dates back to the Renaissance. The institutes are filled with the spirit of such genius minds as Giordano Bruno, Leonardo da Vinci, Dante Alighieri. Students and schoolchildren who plan to connect their lives with the humanities or want to study natural sciences, master this or that art, higher education in Italy is the most excellent option. The oldest universities in the world are located in Italy. Such as Universita di Bologna (University of Bologna), founded in 1088, Universita di Roma "La Sapienza", established in 1303.

Great fashion designers and architects are trained in this country. It is not for nothing that Milan is considered the capital of fashion. Italian design is considered to be more elegant and practical. There is no senseless heap of jewelry and sparkles in it, only natural materials. Everything should be elegant and functional at the same time. If you want to become a pro in this direction, then you need to submit a motivation letter and a portfolio of works to a design school and college in Italy. In total, more than a dozen faculties function in the country's institutes:

  • Design
  • Architecture
  • Jurisprudence
  • Mathematics
  • Pedagogy
  • Humanities
  • Psychology
  • Political Science
  • Literature
  • Natural Science
  • Physics
  • Statistics
  • Medicine
  • Veterinary Science
  • Agriculture
  • Culture
  • Philosophy
  • Pharmacology

Educational system

The system of higher and secondary education in Italy consists of institutes, academies of fine arts and conservatories. In total, there are 47 state universities in the country and 9 independent ones, which are licensed.

The educational system can be roughly divided into 3 stages:

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