Education in Spain

Education system in Spain

Spain is one of the most popular European countries among international students. Many young men and women go here for high-quality professional training and a diploma that will be quoted all over the world. To this end, many foreign citizens send their children to Spanish schools as early as adolescence, rightly believing that the education system in Spain, which differs markedly, for example, from the Russian one, will allow them to prepare in the best way for further education.

The specifics of the education system in Spain

The educational system in Spain includes several successive stages. Some of them are mandatory, others are voluntary.

( 6-12 years old) Mandatory Education Secundaria Obligatoria (12-14 years old) Bachillerato (14-16 years old) Optional Specialized secondary education Ciclos Formativos de Grado Medio Optional. Can be obtained instead of Bachillerato. iclos Formativos de Grado Superior

In addition, Spain has a well-developed adult education system - Escuela de Adultos evening schools.

Basic primary and secondary compulsory education in Spain until the age of 16-17 is free, subject to attendance at a public institution. And not only for the children of Spanish citizens, but also for those whose parents are foreigners.

Spanish kindergartens: conditions and program of classes

There is a limited number of state kindergartens in the country, so parents most often place their children in private preschool institutions, of which there are much more. The cost of visiting the latter depends on the range of services provided by them (quality of food, the number of activities with children, equipment), as well as their funding by supervising organizations.

The preschool education system includes music, dance, drawing, teaching reading and writing, learning a foreign language (usually English), acquaintance with the basics of mathematics, logic and ethics. Walking in the fresh air and a quiet hour are required. The school day lasts from 6 to 10 hours.

A distinctive feature of working with children in a preschool educational institution in Spain is the emphasis on the development of skills of independence and communication. Small groups - 5-12 people. The schedule is flexible, which allows you to bring your child to the kindergarten for 2-3 hours during the habituation period.

Basic schooling in Spain

Spain is one of the countries with a high level of education. Spanish university degrees are recognized throughout European countries. Studying in this country is attractive for foreigners for various reasons, including a relatively low cost.

Features of Spanish education


Begins at the age of 2, when the child goes to kindergarten, and ends with elementary school. Preschool education can only be voluntary. If the parents send their child to a state institution for training, then it is free for them. The difference between kindergartens can be quite significant, it all depends on the level of support of the supervising organization, foundation or even an individual.

Basic (EGB) level

Education includes eight courses covering children age groups 6-14 years. Basic education is required. For five years of the first stage of education, only one teacher is engaged with children. The main emphasis during this period is on the study of the native language, literature, mathematics, natural history, music. Much attention is paid to the study of foreign languages. At the second stage of training, different teachers are already teaching. The academic year starts on September 15th and lasts until June 15th. Children rest during the Christmas holidays and for the celebration of Holy Week at the beginning of April. At the end of the education, the children are expected to pass the mandatory exams, and if the results are negative, the student may turn out to be a repetition.

Middle level

Called in Spain Bachilerato (BUP), it consists of three courses reminiscent of high school education. During the course of the second course, students, at will, receive a vocational (FP) education, organized by the type of vocational school and consisting of 2 stages. The third course of Bachilerato is notable for the fact that students make a choice of their further specialization in the exact or humanitarian sciences. Secondary education is free only in state educational institutions. Passing the final exams upon graduation is at the same time the entrance exams to the university. At the same time, students who receive a high GPA have advantages in admission.

Higher education

Higher education in Spain is obtained only at universities. Studying at the institute (Instituto), you will receive only vocational education at the technical school level.

To graduate from university is something unthinkable for many Spaniards. In their understanding, this is something unrealistically complex and therefore worthy of all respect, especially among the older generation.


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The ethno-cultural diversity and identity of Spain, combined with a well-thought-out policy of the country, not only contributed to its material and spiritual development, but also to the active spread of Spanish culture throughout the world. In addition to the chic historical monuments and resort "Mecca" with stunning beauty of nature, Spain is still widely known for the high quality of its education. The personalization and cosmopolitanism of the educational process in Spanish schools and universities, unique for other European countries, allows students to maximize their full potential for professional and personal growth. That is why the education system in Spain attracts many foreign students from all over the world and is the third most popular educational center in Europe.

Features of the Spanish study system

Combining centuries-old academic traditions and modern educational standards, today's Iberia is rapidly integrating into the European education system. Having carried out a number of significant reforms, the state has adapted the field of education to the needs of today's Europe as much as possible, making education not only a priority, but also competitive on an international platform. The consequence of such reorganization processes has become a significant demand for Spanish education among European students and students of the former CIS countries.

Speaking about the education system in Spain, it is necessary to point out its significant ramification, which allows a student from school to decide on the choice of his future specialty. The whole process in educational institutions is focused strictly on the personality of the child, taking into account his individual qualities and aspirations. In this regard, in the country, along with the usual ones, there are also world famous Montessori schools.

The structure of education in Spain itself is multidisciplinary and consists of four levels:

Studying in Spain is free only if you receive a complete secondary education. It is also mandatory for all children in the country aged 6 to 16 years. But there is no opportunity for foreigners to study for free in public schools in Spain.

Preschool education (- years)

Consists of two cycles - kindergarten (4 months-3 years) and preparatory group (3-6 years). Preschool education in Spain is voluntary. Depending on the form of ownership and sources of material support, children's educational institutions are divided into commercial and free. However, even in the case of a paid kindergarten, the cost of education in it does not exceed 500 euros. Despite the large selection of preparatory children's institutions, the demand for each is maximum. That is why the preliminary registration of a child in an institution should be carried out long before the start of the school year.

Subjects such as music, dance, reading, drawing, ethics and mathematics are at the core of the preschool development program. In addition, children are given introductory lessons with a computer and exercises for the development of logic. The duration of a child's stay in kindergarten usually does not exceed 9 hours, but may vary depending on the rules of the institution. The number of children in a group is also not the same and differs based on the type of preschool institution. For example, private schools in Spain fill their classes with no more than 5-10 people.

Primary school (- years)

The first stage in the system of compulsory secondary education. Represented by government, religious and commercial educational institutions. Moreover, the latter can have both full material independence and partially funded by the state. Education in schools supported by churches is always paid. In addition, the entire process of school education in Spain - the degree of its quality, teaching staff, class size, general arrangement of the educational institution and methodological programs - are entirely under the control of the state. Confirmation of the licensed activity of a school of any type is the presence of a "certificate of conformity".

Basic education includes 4 stages of two years of study:

  • Initial level - lowest (6-8 years), middle (8-10 years), highest (10-12 years).
  • The second level is the final (12-16 years old), at the end of which, the student is issued a certificate of secondary education.

Interest in education in Spain is growing every year. Recently, the country has become one of the leading training centers in Europe, and is clearly not going to give up its positions. A significant contribution to this is made by the Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Culture, actively developing programs of international cooperation: Spain offers foreigners higher education, language courses, as well as specialized training programs. Let's see what the granite of science tastes like in this country.

Spanish education includes the following stages: early childhood education, primary school, secondary and higher education.

Earn a TEFL certificate and earn money from teaching English.

Preschool education in Spain

So, it all starts with preschool education. It is divided into two "classes": for children under 3 years old and for children from 3 to 6 years old. This stage is not included in the structure of compulsory education. You can study for free only in state institutions (and only children 3-6 years old are guaranteed free of charge); private schools charge fees for preschool education services.

Basic School Education

Getting basic school education is a mandatory item in the life of a Spaniard (it is even spelled out in the law). As in the case of the “preschool” stage, you can study for free in government institutions. In addition to public and private colleges, Spain's basic education system includes church-funded religious schools, as well as so-called “charter schools”, which are government-funded but have a structure similar to private institutions (some additional classes may be chargeable).

Primary school is attended by children from 6 to 12 years old. The second stage - secondary school - lasts from 12 to 16 years; upon completion of the program, students receive diplomas of secondary education. A graduate can either continue their studies in secondary vocational education courses, or put the science grant aside and immediately get a job.

City tours are an integral part of educational tours

Bachilerato and vocational secondary education

The next educational stage is already voluntary - the so-called bacilerato. It resembles our senior classes and consists of two courses, the last of which involves the student's choice of a direction of specialization. It can be science and technology, art, or a social and humanitarian profile. The final exams at Bachilerato are at the same time entrance exams to the university. After successfully passing all the tests, the graduate receives a diploma of complete secondary education and can enter the university.

In addition, there is a separate stage - secondary vocational education. In Spain, it can be obtained in almost 150 specialties. The duration of the courses is usually 1300-2000 hours, and a quarter of this time is necessarily devoted to industrial practice. It is possible to enroll in such courses only from the age of 17.

Higher education in Spain

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