Education in Israel: the educational system, its features, characteristics of higher education

Study in Israel for Russians

Israel has a large Russian-speaking community - and this largely contributes to the fact that Russians are easy and comfortable here: you can speak in Russian even on the street, finding among the passers-by someone who will understand you. Almost every state institution, bank or store has Russian-speaking employees. Newspapers, television, performances and other entertainments will also prevent you from feeling linguistic isolation.

During a summer vacation, under the influence of delicious food, hot sun and something that is difficult to define in words, you understand that you want to live here longer, becoming part of a bright carnival of languages, cultures and traditions for a while. Going here to study is the most logical way for young people to broaden their horizons and get to know this country better.

Specialties and universities

Israeli higher education (like Israel's achievements in science and technology) is highly regarded in Europe and the United States. Popular areas of Israeli education today are also:

  • management ;
  • economics;
  • psychology.

For more information on the educational institutions of the country you can find in the section "Universities of Israel"


If you fall under the Law of Return, then repatriation and obtaining Israeli citizenship entitles you to participate in the youth programs of the Jewish Agency Sokhnut and substantial financial assistance in the process of study.

If you do not plan to repatriate, foreign student training programs are open for you. They are found in all universities and in some colleges.

  • Non-academic programs last from semester to year. They usually study Hebrew, get acquainted with Judaism and Jewish traditions, the political life of modern Israel. There are also seminars for representatives of other faiths.
  • Academic programs involve training for the purpose of obtaining an academic degree. Education for the first degree V. (bachelor's degree) in the humanities lasts 3 years, in technical (V. ech) - 4. Obtaining the second academic degree M. (Master's degree) takes from 2 to 5 years, depending on the successful completion of the final scientific work (dissertation). Doctoral degrees (Ph.) And postdoc programs for scientists last several years, depending on how the research progresses.

Israel can be a good option for tourism for many, because going on vacation in Israel in 2021 is advised to travelers who dream of comfort, vivid impressions, as well as connoisseurs of historical and cultural attractions. There are many unique natural places in this country; three religious confessions originated here. Tourists can broaden their horizons by making a lot of educational excursions. Resorts with developed infrastructure provide all conditions for a pleasant stay. The healing properties of the Dead Sea allow you to improve your health and get a rejuvenating effect.

Activities in Israel

The rich history of the state, its geographical features provide unique opportunities for tourists with different preferences. Holidays in Israel can be chosen according to your tastes. There are wonderful seaside resorts with luxurious beaches and a developed entertainment infrastructure. Ancient cities with unique religious, cultural and historical sites can fully satisfy the interest of admirers of sights.

The pearl of the country is the Dead Sea. Its coastline attracts thousands of tourists who dream of a healthy vacation. Sanatoriums and hotels in the region will help improve health, get rid of ailments, become more beautiful and younger. The unique climate of these places allows you to plan a trip to the Dead Sea in 2021 at any time.

Educational tourism in Israel

The overwhelming majority of tourists visiting Israel must visit Jerusalem. In this ancient city, you can see many unique objects that cannot be bypassed in one day. Jerusalem harmoniously combines ancient temples and skyscrapers, the atmosphere of past centuries and a dynamic modern life.

The main sights of Jerusalem are concentrated in the Old City. The center of the three religions is the Temple Mount, where the Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock are located. A famous building is the Wailing Wall, in which you can leave a note to God with a cherished request. The most interesting objects include the City of David, the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, Golgotha. You can see the stunning panorama of Jerusalem from the observation deck on the Mount of Olives.

Metropolitan Tel Aviv is a relatively young city. He grew up at the dawn of the last century from the Neve Tzedek quarter in ancient Jaffa. Now this area is a historical monument. Tel Aviv has the largest museum of modern art in Israel, the most interesting Museum of Eretz Israel with exhibitions devoted to archeology, the history of various tribes and peoples. On Rothschild Boulevard you can see the UNESCO site - the White City complex.

Other cities of the country deserve attention of tourists: Haifa, Netanya, Bethlehem, Eilat. There are also many places of interest near them during your vacation.

Beach holidays in Israel

Israel is not only attracted by unique sights, but admirers of luxurious beaches, entertainment, spa treatments also choose holidays in this country. The resorts are located on the coasts of four seas, there is an opportunity to choose which one to go to in 2021.

The education system in Israel

Before examining how Russians study after grade 11 on the Promised Land, let's look at the education system as a whole.

Education system in the Holy Land:

  • Compulsory primary education (6-12 years). The child attends grades 1-6. State kindergartens accept children from 3 years old. For babies from 3 months to 3 years, there are private kindergartens and nurseries.
  • Secondary school (12-15 years old). This is 7-9 grade.
  • High school (15-18 years old). The teenager finishes school - 10-12 grade.
  • Bachelor's degree (from 18 years old). 3-4 years of study at universities.
  • Master's degree (from 20 years old). They study there for 2-3 years at the university.
  • Doctorate (from 20 years old). This is an analogue of Russian postgraduate studies with a duration of 2-4 years.

As you can see, the system in Israel is slightly different from the Russian one. They study at school for 12 years, and for admission to universities you need to reach a certain age. In an Israeli country, the average age of a freshman is 23 years, in Russia - 18–20 years old, and they leave for Russian colleges as early as 15.

If you received your diploma outside of Israel, you must confirm your diploma before applying for a job in your specialty. This procedure takes about a month. Then the Ministry issues a certificate of confirmation of the diploma, and the graduate can get a job.

Higher education for Russians

Repatriates, immigrant students, young people who were born in the Holy Land, and other categories of citizens and non-citizens from Russia can get higher education in Israel. If the applicant graduated from an Israeli school, his next step is to apply to the university. Some come for education after graduating from school in their home country, while others are transferred from Russian universities to Israeli ones.

Those who plan to study in the Holy Land with a Russian certificate must first take the CELA preparatory course. It lasts for one year. They teach Hebrew and prepare for higher educational institutions.

Students who have completed at least one course at home are not trained. However, they will need to prove their knowledge of English and Hebrew.

Preparatory courses are accepted from the age of 16, and the undergraduate program - from 18. It is convenient if a teenager graduated from school at the age of 17: he will have a year to undergo training, and from 18 he will start studying at university.

Since the creation of Israel, the task of providing its citizens with a quality education has been one of the priorities in this state. It is being successfully solved: diplomas of local universities are recognized in all countries of the world, and the acquired knowledge enables graduates to take a worthy place in society. Education in Israel is trying to get not only its residents, but also students from other countries, including Russians. For them, studying here is also attractive because a large number of our former compatriots live on the Promised Land, which allows them not to feel like strangers here.

Life in Israel

Those who plan to stay in this country for a long time should remember that living here has its own specifics. First of all, this is due to the fact that Israel is in a ring of unfriendly states, therefore, special attention is paid to security measures here. However, you can get used to it pretty quickly, it doesn't affect the daily life of citizens too much.

The standard of living in Israel is high, so in order to be able to use the benefits available here, almost all citizens work, and many of them work in several places at once. The country has a developed social protection system, and those who have lost their job or have not yet found it after moving here for permanent residence can be sure that the state will support them. Also, there is a very high level of medicine, thanks to which the country occupies one of the first places in terms of life expectancy of its citizens.

Israel Education System

In the modern world, competition is very high, therefore, in order to take a worthy place in it, a person must have deep knowledge and skills in the chosen field of activity. The education system in Israel is built in such a way that the citizens of the country, in the process of studying at school and university, have the opportunity to develop their abilities to the maximum and get the profession that they most correspond to.

Early childhood education

As soon as a child begins to move independently, he is given the opportunity to communicate with his peers. He receives preschool education in a nursery, and then in a kindergarten, which are public and private.

They are located in specially built buildings, where kids have the opportunity to stay every day (except Friday) from 07:00 to 16:00. Here they are provided with three meals a day and the opportunity to sleep during the day. The nursery is designed for children up to three years old. Each group has 15 to 20 children.

Those parents who want more attention to their child have the opportunity to send him to a family kindergarten. Almost any woman who is a citizen of the country can organize it. To do this, she only needs to obtain the appropriate permission. The number of children in such a kindergarten does not exceed five people. The cost of staying in it is within 1500 shekels, however, parents with low incomes can take advantage of the discount system.


There are four types of schools in Israel.

Do you want to become a certified specialist in demand all over the world? Then education in Israel is your path to success, fame and career.

Since ancient times, the Israeli government pays special attention to education. Investments, adoption of new laws, strict control of their implementation have led the country to the fact that today it ranks 2nd in the world in the number of people with higher education, and 1st in the number of scientific papers per person.

Israeli diplomas are recognized all over the world, and specialists with work experience are invited to all companies in the world. Employment in the leading organization of the planet is a common thing for an “excellent student” graduate of any university.

Israel attracts Russian citizens not only by its high-quality education, but also by the presence of a large number of compatriots on the territory of the country, which reduces the burden of adapting to a new culture.

Features of Israel's education

The entire education system of the eastern country is aimed at creating a post-industrial society. This means that Israel is trying to reincarnate into a state dominated by an innovative sector with a highly productive industry, quality training, a high share of GDP, as well as a predominance of the employed population in the service sector, rather than in “factories”.

The post-industrial society is aimed not at the rate of growth, but at increasing the quality of innovative changes. The main driving force behind progress is scientists. The most valuable qualities of a professional are education, work experience, creative approach to work, and learning ability.

According to government statistics, 85% of the population in Israel is Jewish. Despite the fact that in the eastern country there is no official state. religion, it is not separated from the people, most of the people adhere to the Jewish nature of life. For example, when you enroll in some universities in the country, you, as immigrants, may be “pushed aside” and first allowed to pass through the stream by the native inhabitants of the country who profess Judaism or people with Jewish roots.

Israel Education System

All children in schools are individual. Some want to delve into the study of the holy scriptures, others are passionate about mathematics and want to become engineers, and still others love history, study languages ​​or wish to be creative in the future. Despite the diversity of views, hobbies and aspirations, the general education system of the state is aimed at the early separation of children according to specialties.

Even though Israel is a religious country, it has a standard 3-level education system:

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