Currently, more and more young people from Russia want to get education (higher or professional) abroad. Especially young people prefer Germany, and all because the education there is considered the most affordable in Europe, and the quality is not inferior to the neighboring countries. Moreover, a German education can be obtained free of charge, and even if you have to pay, you can do it with minimal material costs.
In this case, the issue of education should be of more concern to parents. Upon arrival in Germany, they are required to send their offspring to the appropriate institution. There the child will be taught the basics of German life, "tightened up" the language, and will begin to acquaint with the basics of science. Refusal to send a child to school is fraught with problems with the police!
Primary education in Germany is called "grundschule" and lasts 4 years, taking about 20-30 hours of children's time per week. After graduating from the "grundshule", students will be divided according to their abilities and sent to:
The first is intended for weaker students and there they mainly prepare potential recipients of vocational education. It will take 5 years to study. It will take 6 years to study at the "main school". Graduates of such a school are provided with some incentives for admission to higher education institutions. It is worth noting that, depending on the capabilities of the parents, all of the above schools can be passed both on a paid and free basis. However, if a student did poorly in the "grundshul", then he would not be admitted to the "main school" even for money.
In principle, Russians in this regard are equated to all foreign students and no special exceptions are made for them, even if they were repatriates. For all foreign students wishing to pursue higher education in Germany, there are several mandatory criteria:
Regarding the first point, it should be noted that the level of knowledge of the language must be at least B2 (and this is far from the level of everyday communication). In addition, the more difficult a future student chooses a specialty, the greater the demand for linguistics from him. For example, there will be more indulgences for the future philologist than for the future physician, who will have to master special medical terminology.
Regarding students from Russia, they will have to provide a certificate of complete secondary education (11 grades). This certificate will need to be sent to the foreign department of the university ("academician auslandsamt"), where the correspondence of the certificate to the program of the 10-year gymnasium of the German "main school" will be checked, that is, criteria such as:
German education is highly regarded all over the world, and German university graduates are traditionally welcomed in many large corporations. They teach here for a long time and thoroughly, and also appreciate the classic approach to education and honor the centuries-old traditions. There have always been a lot of foreigners in German universities. They do not impose special requirements on them, but they do not make indulgences either - everyone acts on a common basis.
In Germany, every child who reaches the age of six starts school. The first four years are initial training, then there is a division into groups. The weakest children continue their education in the “basic school” (Hauptschule), the purpose of which is to prepare them for low-skilled work. After the main school, you can get a specialty in the vocational education system.
Those with average results in elementary school continue their studies at Realschule for 6 years, after which they can either get a specialty and go to work. And after the Realschule, the most capable go on to study at the gymnasium (Gymnasium). At the gymnasium, young citizens receive a classical education and a certificate that gives the right to enter the university.
The level of education in the German gymnasium is very high; according to the international classification, it corresponds approximately to the level of the 2nd year of the university in Russia. School education in Germany is free of charge and the first two steps are compulsory for everyone. Schools are generally run by the Länder governments, so there may be differences in curriculum between schools.
And, finally, the highest level is the university. Until 2007, the first higher education was free for both citizens of the country and for foreigners. Now the cost of studying at public universities is up to 1000 EUR per semester, depending on the educational institution. In commercial, of course, more expensive. Prices on the page are for April 2019
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All universities in Germany adhere to the principle of "academic freedom": each student is free to choose academic disciplines and the plan for their development. This is also due to the fact that almost all universities in Germany are overcrowded, sometimes to such an extent that not all students have the opportunity to sit in the lecture hall and have to resort to video broadcasting of the lecture. Of course, in such conditions, there can be no talk of such concepts as supervision and personal contact with the teacher. It turns out that a lot depends on the student's self-discipline and his desire to acquire knowledge and skills.
Russian school education in Germany is not quoted and is considered inappropriate. So a child who has finished the seventh grade will be sent back to the seventh grade in Germany, and the graduate with a certificate in his hands will go back to the tenth grade, where he will have to study three more years at the gymnasium before the certificate.
School education in Germany is compulsory and free, this also applies to foreigners. The only requirement is knowledge of German and English at a fairly high level, otherwise it will be difficult to study. Now the minimum required level corresponds to the European B2, however, especially for foreign children in all major German cities, International Schools have been created, which include preparatory intensive courses in German and English. However, this is not free anymore - from 2000 EUR per month. The most famous of the International Schools in Germany is Berlin-Brandenburg.
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