China is famous for its diversity of nationalities and a large number of inhabitants, and, of course, children. Therefore, it is not surprising that many foreigners who move to the country to work or live want to know which kindergarten to place a child in and how preschool education is generally arranged in China.
Preschool education is the first stage and an important part of basic education in China. Its main type is still a kindergarten. The Chinese government considers education to be one of the main conditions for the stable economic development of the nation, therefore, much attention is paid to raising children.
Preschool education institutions first copied the Japanese teaching system. But after the formation of the PRC, they became more like the Soviet ones, since scientists came here, passing on the experience and methods of the Soviet Union. Over time, the Chinese have adopted the experience abroad.
In some Chinese institutions, toddler education is available from 2 years old. Usually, Chinese children go to kindergarten from 3 to 6 years old, developing harmoniously in all respects.
Studying in kindergartens lasts half a year. Children gain practical knowledge and skills that lay the foundation for adaptation in school. The goal of kindergartens is to prepare kids as best as possible for the school curriculum.
The peculiarities of the Chinese kindergarten are that from an early age children are taught to patriotism and love for the motherland. Every morning starts with raising the national flag.
Raise children in a team spirit - each of them learns to take care of others, help and show compassion. Thanks to this, the kids live together as in a single family.
Preschoolers are taught reading and mathematics, taught to write hieroglyphs. It is believed that a child should be able to do this by the first grade. They teach how to take care of plants and even cook. Children have a lot of rest, dance and sing.
The main tool of Chinese child education is play. Children have the opportunity to show their talents and abilities in various games that preschool education is based on.
Today's China is one of the most promising countries in the world. The success of the Chinese economy would have been impossible without a properly organized educational system in the country.
And although there is a problem of unemployment in China, and there is fierce competition in big cities, residents are proud of their state and are ready to work for its good, sparing no effort.
Education in ancient China depended on the social and property status of a person.
The emphasis was on tough methods. Students in the ancient Chinese school had to memorize huge treatises based on the teachings of Confucius.
School education was available only to boys.
In those days, Chinese education ignored the exact and natural sciences (it was believed that only artisans should know mathematics, and there are no other countries besides China).
Children went to school for the whole day, and all the time they sat down to read books.
Students obeyed their teachers unconditionally and endured corporal punishment. The unconditional reverence and respect of Chinese students for their teachers has been preserved in China to this day.
Back in the middle of the 20th century, 80% of China's population was illiterate.
The tremendous pace of economic development in the PRC over the past decades has given rise to many discussions among modern society, there are more and more hypotheses and assumptions about the origins of China's powerful progress. Of course, this could not have happened without a reason and serious work of the state and representatives of the economic industry.
At the heart of the national idea of the Celestial Empire is the principle of hard work, which will certainly lead to success. From the very childhood, the Chinese have worked hard and even after reaching the goal they do not stop working on themselves. The Chinese never stop halfway, because the main thing for them is to achieve the set goal. For example, during the Olympics, the Chinese always strive to get exactly gold, because other medals are not the equivalent of victory.
But, of course, the state played an important role in shaping the country's economy. First, the priorities were correctly identified: most of the state budget today is invested in education. Universities that bring valuable personnel to the country are almost entirely subsidized by the state. Hence the race to improve the quality of the training received. The state also encourages talented students - future invaluable personnel for the country and provides grants. They also work for international students. secondly, primary and secondary education was declared compulsory for all. Only by tough measures at the legislative level it was possible to cope with the prevalence of illiteracy.
As you know, in the early 90s in China, only 4% of the population had a higher education, only 12% received a high school diploma and 11% had no education at all. Outstanding researchers could be counted on one hand, while prestigious universities, victories in various Olympiads and competitions were out of the question. Today the situation has changed dramatically.
What was the impetus that turned China into the fastest growing country? Today, the Celestial Empire overtakes the United States in the number of space launches, independently produces original and high-quality products, and is also a world center for advanced research and innovative projects. In 1998, the PRC Higher Education Law was signed, which turned the country's universities into world-class universities, with the best professors and unique laboratories, thanks to which China can now rightfully be called an innovative miracle.
At present, every citizen of the PRC understands that the absence of a diploma of higher education means the impossibility of a normal, happy life and self-realization. This understanding has determined the current situation in the country. Currently, obtaining a diploma and a demanded specialization is the goal of every resident of the country. And they begin to achieve it from early childhood. Taking into account the incredible diligence and diligence, schoolchildren, and then students, learn insanely and perceive huge layers of information every day.
The concept is for each student to become a significant person in society and achieve all the best in life. Therefore, from childhood, every citizen of the PRC knows what an intensive study of the material is, is able to steadfastly endure nine lessons every day and spends his free time studying books in the library. And all this is accompanied by an iron discipline: for 12 passes, a student will be expelled, for drinking alcohol within the walls of an educational institution - expulsion with a reprimand and significant difficulties when entering other schools.
Due to the high workload and iron discipline, there are quiet hours in schools. After lunch, students have 60-80 minutes to rest and recover. At the same time, before leaving for rest, children study the exact sciences, and after a quiet hour they engage in creativity.
The modern Chinese education system is familiar to any European and differs little from what we are used to.
More and more students are striving to China for higher education. What attracts them so much and why do many do not want to return to their homeland, staying to live and work in the Celestial Empire? Let's try to understand the education system, features and requirements for applicants in this article.
Education received in China is appreciated all over the world. This is due to the rapid growth of the PRC's economy and, accordingly, to the growing demand for specialists with knowledge of the Chinese language. Global companies seek to hire not just people who speak the language, but specialists who are familiar with the specifics of the Chinese economy from the inside.
Legal, engineering, economic specialties are especially in demand. There is considerable demand for orientalists as well. Higher education received in China is recognized by all states, including Russia, as it meets international standards.
The education system is aimed at increasing the literacy of the population, today the state spends a lot of money on the development of this industry. The share of the illiterate population in China is about 15% of the total adult population, including peasants.
The structure of the system is not much different from similar ones. It includes:
The system can be schematically depicted as follows
The school year runs from September 1st to July, with a long vacation in the middle from late December to Chinese New Year (early February).
Preschool education includes public and private kindergartens, where children from 3 to 6 years old are taken.
Schooling begins with 6 years of primary education, during which children learn Chinese, politics, geography, history, physics, mathematics, chemistry, arts and physical education.
At the end of primary school, children enter secondary schools without exams. Secondary education includes 2 stages:
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