Zazgarskaya I

Zazgarskaya I

Contents

Chapter 1: Modern international tourism and trends in its development in the world 1. The main types of tourism and factors affecting its development 1. The problem of inequality in the tourism sector

Chapter 2: Recreational potential and development problems of the tourism industry in the Ukrainian Carpathians 2. Natural, cultural and historical conditions for the development of tourist activities in the Carpathian region 2. Socio-economic conditions for the development of the tourism industry in the Carpathian region 2. The structure of recreational complex of the Carpathian region

Chapter 3: Problems and prospects for the development of the tourism industry in the Ukrainian Carpathians 3. Strategic guidelines and factors confirm the priority of the development of tourism in the Carpathian region 3. Trends and prospects for the development of international tourism in the region of the Ukrainian Carpathians

Introduction

Webster's Dictionary explains the word "tourist" as "someone traveling for pleasure or interest," another nineteenth-century dictionary contains more interesting meanings: "people who travel for pleasure, out of curiosity, and that they have nothing to do "and" even for the pleasure of bragging about it later. "

Nowadays, international tourism has acquired not just a mass character, but has rightfully become one of the leading, highly profitable and most dynamic sectors of the world economy. The specificity of tourism, as a branch of the economy, is that it unites within itself a number of industries, such as: transport, communications, hospitality, banks, entertainment, etc. In some states, tourism is one of the most important articles of foreign economic and domestic activities.

The formation of the global tourist market is accompanied by powerful processes of transnationalization, which find expression in the international interweaving of private capital, strengthening ties between monopolies of different countries and in the wide development of transnational companies in the field of tourist business. Already today, tourism is the third most profitable industry in the world economy, after the export of oil and cars, and by 2005. tourism should come out on top. Tourism accounts for about 10% of the gross product of our planet, about 30% of world trade in services and about 7% of world investment.

The tourism industry developed especially rapidly in the post-war years. More and more countries of all continents were involved in the economic turnover of tourism. Over 35 years, the number of tourists who have left for other countries has increased almost 13 times (from 1938 to 1985, approximately 27 times), and tourism income - 55 times.

According to the forecast of the World Tourism Organization (WTO), by 2020. the number of international trips will almost triple and reach 1.6 billion. At the same time, revenues from hotel and tourist services will increase at a faster pace and may increase from 445 billion US dollars in 1998. up to about 2 trillion. dollars in 2020

Tourism is a spatial phenomenon associated with the possibility of using the recreational and historical and cultural potential of the territories of countries and their individual regions in certain socio-economic and political conditions. It is geography, which allows for the analysis and synthesis of spatial phenomena and processes, taking into account the knowledge of the geographic environment, that can achieve the most profound interpretation of socio-economic phenomena associated with tourism. As a result, the geography of tourism, a scientific direction, is developing, the theoretical basis of which is the development of the territorial organization of recreational systems.

Since the beginning of the 1980s, there has been a shift in the priorities of travelers. Instead of the hot sun, preference is increasingly given to shady forests, and instead of urban communities, to settlements of traditional peoples. Therefore, the object of research in the course work will be the territory of the Ukrainian Carpathians, which has not a small recreational potential and prospects to become a famous tourist region. Before the collapse of the Soviet Union and the formation of the countries of the independent commonwealth, the recreational and balneological resources of the Carpathian region were widely used by Soviet citizens. After the collapse, socio-economic problems affected tourist flows to the region.

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