Egypt is one of the largest countries in mysterious Africa, which is associated with pyramids, tombs and the seventh wonder of the world. The country, which has been captured and plundered more than once, amazes with the rich heritage of ancient civilization and the achievements of modern.
The state, washed by two seas, has made tourism the main source of income, using the uniqueness of nature and climate, and adding to this modern hotel infrastructure.
In addition, sunny Egypt is at a fairly close distance that you can easily and quickly overcome.
Given the peculiarities of the geographical location of Egypt, tourists should have a choice of what transport to travel by:
However, there is really no choice as such. From ground transport, you can only choose a bus (but this is not for everyone). You can get to Spain, then by ferry through Gibraltar, and then again by bus through Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Libya. Still that road, not to mention the dangers. There is no railway connection not only with Egypt, but even with Israel or Jordan, from where you can get by ferry to Taba and Nuweiba.
Egypt is connected by sea with Jordan (Aqaba), Cyprus (Limassol) and Sudan. But again the question is how to get there. There are cruises to Egypt, but this is already an organized tour, and not a way to get into the country.
Only the plane remains. There were direct regular flights to Egypt, but due to the latest events in the country, Russia canceled them. This does not mean at all that it is now impossible to fly to Egypt. There are no Russian flights, there are other carriers: Turkey, Egypt, the Emirates, which make many regular flights: to Cairo, Sharm El Sheikh, Hurghada and Alexandria. The flight takes 5.5 to 7 hours. In addition, during the season, various countries connect with Egypt charter flights.
There are 2 types of climate in the land of sand dunes and oases:
Egypt is open for tourism, thousands of people come here every year for impressions and emotions. During the holiday season, the number of vacation offers increases significantly. Hundreds of travel agencies compete in the service market, surprise with seasonal discounts, and offer interesting promotions. Tourism in Egypt today is developed at a high level, the country annually opens up new opportunities for guests from various countries, offers dozens of entertainment and show programs.
Egypt is a state located on two continents: Africa and Asia, the capital is Cairo. The country is washed by the waters of the Red and Mediterranean Seas, has borders with Israel, the Gaza Strip, Libya and Sudan. Some part of the state is located on the Sinai Peninsula. The national language of the Egyptians is Arabic, here people use its special Egyptian dialect. The monetary unit is the Egyptian pound. More than 90% of the territory of Egypt is desert, the rest is the coastal cultivated land of the Nile. The state is inhabited by over 70.5 million people, the main population is concentrated in Cairo.
The majority of the population of Egypt are Arabized descendants of the inhabitants of Ancient Egypt. The main religion here is Islam, it is professed by almost 90% of local residents, the remaining 10% recognize Christianity. Egyptians are distinguished by their cordiality and welcome tourists as a dear guest. They are happy to ask about family, children and work, invite them to visit, refusal of such an offer is considered impolite.
Women in Egypt should wear closed-toe clothing, avoiding exposing their shoulders and legs. Tourists are advised to adhere to the general rules when leaving the hotel and not be there unaccompanied by male acquaintances.
The most revered religious holiday among the Egyptians is Ramadan - the holy month. During this time, it is necessary to observe strict fasting and pray.
The Internet is replete with offers from tour operators, so it is quite difficult to discern something worthwhile in such a flow of information. Guided by some criteria, you can simplify your life and not regret your choice.
Egypt has attracted tourists since time immemorial. Even the ancient Greeks and Romans came to see the giant pyramids and Colossi of Memnon. At the very beginning of the colonial era, first Napoleon and then the British took out the country's treasures, replenishing the collections of national museums. Travelers followed the conquerors, and in the end, a thin trickle of inquisitive enthusiasts turned into a stream of tourists who were sent on cruises along the Nile and gathered for Egyptological lectures by the enterprising Thomas Cook.
Today, the sights of Egypt are not only the monuments of the Nile Valley and bazaars, mosques and madrasahs of Islamic Cairo, but also the natural beauty of the Red Sea, Mount Sinai, the Arabian and Libyan deserts, fantastic coral reefs and tropical fish, dunes and stones, ancient fortresses, monasteries and monuments of art of stone-cutters.
Egypt itself is a whim of nature, and the source of its vitality lies in the waters of the Nile. From the border with Sudan to the Mediterranean coast, the Valley and the Nile Delta are bounded on both sides by barren deserts: the latter are as deserted as the former - overpopulated. The contrast between fertility and lifelessness is fundamental to understanding the uniqueness of Egypt.
He defined the development of the country since prehistoric times, ensuring the continuity of cultures of different peoples for seven millennia. The spirit of constancy and timelessness, fostered by religion, prevails in every aspect of Egyptian life. Although the pagan cults of ancient Egypt are as dead as mummies and temples, ancestral fertility rituals and boat processions persist in Islamic and Christian religious rites.
The result of this long development is a complex, multi-layered culture, with equal respect for both antiquity and modernity. The peasants (fellahs) of the Nile Valley and the Bedouin tribes live the same way as their distant ancestors a thousand years ago. The culture of the Far South Nubians and Christian Copts dates back to the time of the Pharaohs.
All Egyptians are united by love for their native land, strong family ties, self-esteem, cordiality and hospitality towards foreigners. Although most tourists come to Egypt to see the monuments, the most vivid memories they take with them are related to the people of this country and their way of life.
1). The territory of the Arab Republic of Egypt is 1,001,450 square kilometers, of which 96.4% is desert; only the Nile Valley, the Nile Delta and some oases are fertile;
2). The population of Egypt - 75 million people - is twice that of the next most populous Arab country (Algeria). It accounts for a quarter of the population of the entire Arab world. The ethnic composition is determined by the peoples of the Eastern Hamite group - Egyptians, Bedouins, Nubians and Berbers (99%), small communities of Greeks, Armenians and other nationalities belong to national minorities. Arabic is the main language; locally the Nubian language and the Berber dialect of the inhabitants of the Siwa oasis are used. The national religion is Islam, 96% of the population profess it, the rest are Copts, Orthodox Christians. The average life expectancy of people is 64 years;
3). Egypt was proclaimed a republic in 1952. The country is divided into 26 governorates (governorates). The National Democratic Party consistently wins 88% of the vote in elections to the People's Assembly (Majlis al-Shaab) and the Upper House of Parliament (Majlis al-Shura). The opposition and independent members of parliament openly express their views, but are powerless to change anything;
4). Tourism brings the most money to Egypt, followed by duties for the use of the Suez Canal, the export of oil and oil products, textiles and natural gas.
Guess how Egypt is like a Christmas tree? Correctly! He, too, in winter and summer in one color - the color of the turquoise sea, bright underwater life and a colorful crowd of tourists, including from Russia. A fair number of our vacationers are accustomed to consider Egypt a year-round "second summer cottage", where you can escape to sunbathe and dive on weekends. Historical "excursion" - included: the pyramids and Luxor daily besiege crowds of travelers who want to touch eternity. Well, there is nothing to say about divers: there are three dozen of them here for each reef.
The capital is Cairo. Major cities are Alexandria, Luxor, Aswan, Port Said, Giza.
The country of the Sphinxes and Pharaohs cannot have a banal administrative-territorial division - from this one clerical phrase already breathes something boring. Everything is different here. Even from school, we know that in ancient times Egypt was divided into Upper, Lower and Middle. The most interesting thing is that the Upper is not at all a part of the country near the Mediterranean Sea, in the north. On the contrary, this is Lower Egypt. And the part that is called the "upper" is located "below" in the very south, near the border with Sudan. As a result, Egypt can be divided into 6 large regions: the Sinai Peninsula, the Red Sea coast, the Western Desert and the very three historical regions with which we started: Lower, Middle and Upper. You can read more about these areas on the Egypt Cities and Resorts page.
Resorts of Egypt: which are there and what to choose?
The climate of Egypt is tropical and subtropical continental (Mediterranean coast). In winter (from December to February) the air temperature is +20. +25 ° C, in summer (from May to September) +35. +40 ° C. In winter and spring dry hot “khamsin” winds often blow. Read also more about the weather in Egypt by month.
Don't miss: the current weather forecast for the popular resorts of Egypt for the coming days.
The cultural heritage of the pharaohs, dry and hot climate, developed tourist infrastructure and amazing nature. This is what attracts tourists to Egypt. The choice of a resort depends on financial capabilities and personal ideas about comfort. Check out the overview of the country's popular resorts to understand their differences.
The state of Egypt is located on two continents. From the north, its shores are washed by the Mediterranean Sea, and from the east - by the Red Sea. Both seas are connected by the Suez Canal. The tropical climate prevails in the central part of the country. The resort area is subtropics. Summers are hot and dry here. Daily temperature drops are expressed.
Tourists are welcome here. Hotel income taxes and tourist taxes are the second largest source of income for the country's budget. In Egypt, access to the monuments of ancient Egyptian, Christian and Arab (medieval) history is open. The most visited of them are necropolises with pyramids and tombs, temples of the pharaohs and Islamic shrines.
The country offers affordable beach holidays. Everyone can view the main treasure of Egypt - thickets of sea corals. They are inviolable here and are protected by many laws. Many agencies offer services for organizing the leisure of tourists. You can travel through the desert or visit major cities, contemplate relics or laze on the beach. It all depends on the choice of the resort.
The resort infrastructure is dynamically developing here. Hurghada is an international water sports center. The warm Red Sea washes the shores of the famous resort. Summer heat is mitigated by almost constant breezes. Relatively low prices and good quality of service attract more and more guests to Hurghada. The city offers opportunities for family entertainment and youth recreation. Tourists who come with children are attracted by sandy beaches with a gentle coast, and young people prefer to go diving and relax in nightclubs, which are numerous here. The city has a museum of the Red Sea. Conveniently, you can get from Hurghada to Cairo or Luxor in a couple of hours.
The city is named Sheikh Bay because of the beautiful seascapes that open from its beaches. This is a large resort on the Sinai Peninsula. It receives guests all year round. In Sharm you will find hotels and restaurants, entertainment for every taste and budget. Sandy-bottomed beaches stretch for 35 kilometers in Naama Bay. The hotels here are lined up in several lines. The Gulf of Aqaba has a coral-bottom coastal edge. The bay embankment is famous for its beauty. There are many entertainment venues on it.
For many tourists, it is obvious: the more advertised a place in different guidebooks, the less chances of getting a WOW effect. But you will definitely not read anything about these places in advertising brochures around Sochi. My list of non-trivial locations in the resort is in this article! Photos are attached.