From Moscow to the abnormally rich sights of the Lipetsk region - about 4 hours by car along the high-speed and comfortable M4 (there are paid sections on the highway). You can also get to Lipetsk by train, and rent a car on the spot. Continue along our route and get ready to experience the culture shock.
Text: Anastasia Klepova, travel journalist and author of the "Glukhoman Go" project
The first point of the route is one of the most little-known estates in Russia. At the same time, it is also one of the most authentic and surprisingly preserved. Ryazanka is the small homeland of the great diplomat, traveler, researcher and author of the peasant reform of 1861 Peter Semyonov Tyan-Shansky. The estate is located near the half-forgotten railway station Urusovo of the ancient town of the same name - an outpost of Russia during the Tatar raids.
The Tyan-Shansky Manor is a touching wooden building of terracotta color with a large collection of genuine artifacts of the life of a person who, in the 19th century, invented and conducted the first general census of the population of Russia. Today the estate is kept by another great man in his own way - San Sanych Bogdanov. Lucky is the one who gets to him on a tour of the interiors of Ryazanka!
By the way, on August 8, 2020, the "Secrets of the Estate" festival will be held here with immersion in pre-revolutionary traditions, themed food court and, of course, excursions from the legendary San Sanych.
The ruin of a noble manor in the Palladian style, the floors of which you can wander unhindered, is already good. True, you need to act carefully and look at your step so as not to literally leave a mark on the history of the estate. Inside, artifacts of different eras are mixed in a heap of rubbish: from an elegant pre-revolutionary staircase in the Art Nouveau style, wooden floors and lining of stoves to the Soviet stage in the former ballroom (under the USSR there was a House of Culture).
But even better is that the first hyperboloid tower on the planet, designed by the legendary architect Vladimir Shukhov for the Novgorod exhibition of 1896, flaunts on the territory of the estate. The then owner of the estate, Yuri Nechaev-Maltsov, bought it for beauty and watering the garden, and Shukhov personally reassembled his creation at this place. The structure is still reliable enough to climb to the very top and survey the surroundings (if you are not afraid of heights, of course). Again: be careful!
Built with the money of the same Nechaev-Maltsov, the church of Dmitry Solunsky in Berezovka looks like a capital building stuck in the textures of the wilderness. This is true: the architect of the temple was Alexander Pomerantsev, who created the Moscow GUM. The church is like a splinter of this very GUM, lost in the chthonic expanses of a half-dead village.
- I have heard more than once that the region is actively working to attract tourists. How many guests visit our region?
The Rusborg festival of historical reconstruction, which took place in the middle of last August, was a weighty answer to this question. The spectacular event near Yelets, according to the organizers, was attended by more than 25 thousand people - both residents of the Lipetsk region and guests from dozens of regions of the country.
Undoubtedly, the restrictive measures due to the coronavirus epidemic have affected the entire industry as a whole. In our region alone, in the first half of the year, dozens of festivals of various kinds were canceled, museums were temporarily suspended, and tourist routes were closed. Today, as the example of the Rusborg festival and a little earlier the last bright event “Secrets of the Estate” shows, the situation is changing. This means that there is an opportunity to continue to improve your hospitality territory.
“Our region has great tourism potential. The number of tourists coming to us is increasing by 10 percent every year, - says the head of the regional executive power Igor Artamonov. - And this is not accidental. In the region there are a lot of interesting places associated with the names of the great people of Russia, there are unique nature reserves, architectural monuments, which are actively visited by residents of Lipetsk and residents of other regions of the country. 122 most interesting tourist routes have been laid for them. They include not only the historical towns of Yelets, Zadonsk and Chaplygin, but also modern parks "Oleniy", "Kudykina Gora", "Argamach", the estate in Skornyakovo and much more. "
At the same time, as the regional governor noted, it is time to think about new directions for attracting tourists. One of them, in the opinion of Igor Artamonov, may become a popular holiday among the capital's residents today in old estates.
Despite the viral pandemic and the temporary cessation of live communication with tourists, our region did not stop working to promote the regional hospitality industry.
“We began to actively advertise the tourism potential of the region in an online format,” said AiF-Chernozemye and. about. head of the regional department of culture and tourism Christina Narolina. - On July 23, within the framework of the national project "Culture", the premiere of the travel show "Checklist", completely dedicated to the Lipetsk region, took place on BRICS TV. "Checklist" included in its route through our region both promoted and not too widely known tourist objects. Flagship points - the Kudykina Gora Natural Wonderland Park and the Skornyakovo-Arkhangelskoye Estate, the Argamach Park, Vorgolskiye Rocks and the “cheese” village of Maslovka - are well known in Moscow, St. Petersburg and other regions of Russia. But the Sapsan flying club, the new mineral water pump-room in Lipetsk and the mysterious bridge between the villages of Volotovo and Cherepian will surely become a discovery for tourists. "
Now the Department of Culture and Tourism is preparing another video project - "Travel at home". Its goal is to show new recreation points in the regions of our region, to offer locations for independent travel, family or small company recreation. The project will be released on the Lipetskaya Zemlya YouTube channel. And now there you can watch virtual tours of summer festivals, which did not take place in the usual format due to the pandemic, but found their guest online.
Before going to the Lipetsk region, many "walk" and the tourist portal liptur. u. Tens of thousands of people visit it a year. Undoubtedly, the portal users' attention will be attracted by the recently published online excursions to the Volchensky Patterns and Lilac Paradise.
The official date of the foundation of Lipetsk is considered to be 1703, when on the banks of the Lipovka River, by order of the emperor, several ironworks were built, around which a settlement was formed. Production gradually expanded, the population of the village grew and already in 1779 it received the status of a county town. At the beginning of the XIX century. it was found that the waters of mineral springs in the vicinity of abandoned metallurgical plants have healing properties. This discovery turned the city into a popular resort. Today Lipetsk is one of the largest industrial, trade, educational and cultural centers of the Black Earth Region, actively visited by Russian and foreign tourists.
The sights of Lipetsk, photos of which will take their rightful place in the album of any traveler, are colorful and varied. It is customary to begin acquaintance with the city with a tour of historical and architectural monuments, which are considered its visiting cards.
Many residents of Lipetsk consider Peter the Great to be the founder of the policy, because it was on his instructions that ironworks were laid in the vicinity of the present city. Back in the 19th century. in honor of the emperor, a stele was erected in Lipetsk, and in 1996 a monument to the reformer tsar appeared on the square of the same name. A bronze statue of the autocrat, confidently walking with a scroll in his hand, is placed on top of a column, trimmed with marble tiles, decorated with rasters of ships and cartouches. On the sides of the rectangular pedestal there are bronze plaques with bas-reliefs depicting the deeds of Peter the Great.
Now the beautiful square is considered the hallmark of Lipetsk, but this was not always the case. Once there were salt rows, shops selling all sorts of things, the building of the city pantry, where the treasury was kept. Everything changed in the middle of the 19th century, when the construction of the Nativity Cathedral was completed. Religious processions were performed on the square near the temple, and significant solemn events were held. With the advent of Soviet power, it became the heart of Lipetsk. In 1958, the magnificent building of the House of Soviets, surrounded by a colonnade, was completed. A little later, a monument to Lenin was erected on the square, and its perimeter was planted with luxurious blue spruces. The composition is completed by a majestic stone staircase with cascading fountains leading to Petrovsky proezd.
In the summer of 2008, Lipetsk acquired a landmark that immediately became one of its symbols. Then, on Plekhanov Square, a grand opening of the monument to the founders of the city took place. The steel column, girded with a laurel wreath, is crowned with a sculpture of an angel blessing the townspeople. The pillar rises on a pedestal faced with granite, which is also a pedestal for five sculptures. The statues depict a blacksmith, an official, an engineer, a foundry worker, a shipbuilder, dressed in the uniforms of the Petrine era.
Lipetsk region is one of the smallest regions in Russia. However, the attractions here are extremely diverse, and the quality of life is at a fairly high level. The tourism sector is also well developed. An important role in its development is played not only by the developed infrastructure of the region, but also by the rich historical heritage, favorable climatic conditions and the good location of the region. People come here to plunge into the past or visit new, unique places.
There are not so many of them in the Lipetsk region, but each of the existing ones is distinguished by its originality and uniqueness.
The reserve is located in the Zadonsk region, on the eastern slope of the Central Russian Upland. Its area is only 230 hectares, but from this it does not lose its uniqueness. The fact is that this small reserve was listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the smallest in the world.
It is famous for its unique landscapes, which have been preserved in their original form. Even the oaks, burnt in the fire in 2010, remained intact here. The reserve owes its name to jackdaws. These small scandalous birds from the Corvidae family once fell in love with rocks and nested here in large numbers.
An equally interesting fact is that representatives of flora and fauna are completely atypical for this area. The nature of Siberia or the Caucasus suits them much more. Scientists believe that they came to the Central Russian Upland as a result of the descent of a glacier.
Lipetsk is the capital of the Lipetsk region with a population of over half a million people. The city is known as a major producer of steel, building materials, household appliances, mineral water and juices. The Lipetsk Aviation Center is also located here, where pilots of Russian aviation are trained.
Lipetsk was first mentioned in the annals in 1283 in connection with the wars with the Mongol-Tatars. As a result, the city was completely destroyed by the enemy and for several centuries they did not write about it anywhere.
Only in the 17th century did the first mention of the village of Malye Studenki Lipskie appear, which was located on the site of a modern settlement.
In 1703, on the Lipovka River, by order of Peter I, the construction of new iron plants began to supply the army and navy. Since then, the village began to grow, and in 1709 it was renamed the Lipskiye Zavody settlement. And in 1779, according to the decree of Catherine II, the settlement received the status of a county town with the name Lipetsk. During this period, the population numbered about 6,000 people.
The opening of new enterprises with a new technology for smelting cast iron led to the liquidation of the Lipsky factories, equipment and workers were transferred to the Lugansk enterprise.
In 1806, there was a big fire in Lipetsk, as a result of which many wooden structures were damaged. After that, new houses were already being erected from brick and stone. In 1860, the population of the city was already 11,600 people.
Lipetsk received a new round of development thanks to the active construction of railways. Russian and foreign entrepreneurs decided to start developing ore deposits near the city. Also, interest in Lipetsk has grown in connection with the opening of a resort here in the early 19th century.
In 1902, with the participation of capital from Belgium, two blast furnaces were built in the city, which became the basis of the Svobodny Sokol metallurgical plant. The first pig iron smelting was carried out on July 15, 1902. However, the enterprise quickly falls into crisis and stops working. Only in 1911 did Belgian businessmen buy shares in the burned-out plant and start it up again.
During the First World War, the industry worked to supply the army, and in 1916 workshops for the collection of French airplanes began to operate.
After the Civil War in 1922, the Lipetsk City Council began to work, and Soviet industrialization began. In 1924, an iron foundry for the production of radiators was opened, in 1923 a Soviet aviation school appeared, in 1928 a meat-packing plant was opened, in 1929 - a silicate plant. During this period, new educational institutions began to operate: an industrial technical school, schools, pedagogical and medical schools.
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