What are recreational resources for?

What are recreational resources for?

The structure of the territory's recreational potential is a system consisting of two leading blocks: the resource component, represented by recreational resources, and the socio-economic component, represented by the material and technical base. But, along with these two components, the recreational potential of the territory has another component - the natural and socio-economic conditions of the area, which promote or restrain recreation, or, more simply, limiting factors. Although in this scheme (Fig.) The limiting factors will be identified as a separate block that directly affects both recreational resources and the material and technical base, in fact, these limiting factors are concentrated within both recreational resources and the material and technical base and are represented their separate internal limiting blocks.

Recreational resources, their properties and types of assessment

As a branch of the economy and human activity, recreation belongs to the group of industries and types of activity that have a pronounced resource orientation, showing in this a similarity with the extractive forestry industry, fishing and agriculture. Therefore, the most important component of the recreational potential is recreational resources.

In many reference publications, the concept of "resources" is defined as stocks, values, money, opportunities.

Mironenko N. S. and Tverdokhlebov I. T. under the recreational resources are understood the components of the geographical environment and objects of anthropogenic activity, which, due to such properties as uniqueness, historical or artistic value, aesthetic appeal and health-improving value, can be used for organizing various types and forms of recreational activities or for recreation, tourism, treatment.

Preobrazhensky V.S. recreational resources are natural, natural-technical and socio-economic geosystems and their elements, which, given the existing technical and material capabilities, can be used to organize a recreational economy.

And, finally, another version of the concept of recreational resources proposed by Pirozhnik I.I.Recreational resources are natural and cultural-historical complexes and their elements that contribute to the restoration and development of the physical and spiritual forces of a person, his ability to work and health, which, with a modern and promising structure of recreational needs and technical and economic opportunities, are used for direct and indirect consumption and production of resort and tourist services.

Recreational resources influence the territorial organization of recreational activities, the formation of recreational areas and centers, their specialization and economic efficiency. But this influence is not direct. It is determined by socio-economic factors and, above all, by the volume and structure of recreational needs.

The concept of "recreational resources" is not identical to the concepts of "natural conditions" and "cultural and historical prerequisites for the development of recreation". Recreational resources are, to a certain extent, transformed natural conditions and cultural and historical objects, brought to the degree of manufacturability under the influence of social needs and opportunities for direct use in recreational services.

There are two components in the structure of recreational resources: natural and socio-anthropogenic (natural and cultural-historical resources of recreational activities).

Natural elements and complexes initially act as conditions for recreational activities; as natural formations, they exist even before the development of the recreational economy. Then, due to the development and changes in the structure of social needs and the emergence of recreational demand after the costs of their study, assessment and preparation for operation, they pass into the category of recreational resources. The defining moment in the transition of natural conditions into resources are the costs of social labor for their study and bringing them to the degree of manufacturability, the possibility of direct use in the recreational economy.

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