Types of tourism in Turkey

Ethnic tourism in Russia is a potential driver for the entire industry

Ski Tourism in Turkey

Alpine skiing centers await tourists in winter.

Palandoken is located 5 km from the center of the ancient city of Erzurum, it is the youngest ski resort. Half of the slopes are of medium difficulty, there are also natural slopes for beginners. All these slopes are served by 7 ski lifts, ski equipment can be rented. The season starts in November and ends in April.

Uludag is located 150 km from Istanbul and 35 km from Bursa, Uludag trails are more suitable for families with small children. It is good to learn the basics of skiing here

We can also mention Kartalkaya and Sarikamysh.

Holidays in Turkey will cost much less than European ones, and skiing can be combined with excursions to the sights of Cappadocia.

Diving Turkey

Turkey offers many interesting places for divers.

Kemer attracts athletes with underwater caves with a sunken ship. Kyrkgeze is also famous for its beautiful underwater caves with stalagmites and stalactites. Falls and Mersin are famous for their very clean and clear waters, Kalkan offers divers a wonderful marine fauna.

Rafting in Turkey

Travelers are given the opportunity to go down a canoe along the mountain rivers. Guidance is usually provided by an experienced safety instructor.

Ethnic tourism is one of the options for preserving ethnic diversity. It promotes the involvement of the culture of peoples in the world cultural heritage

© Vladimir Baikalsky/TASS

Even when there are no more blank spots on the world map, and modern technologies seem to be very soon equalizing everything and everyone, a person no less (or even more) strives for the unknown, to discover new lands, new peoples. And often, on the contrary, he returns to the land of his ancestors, looking for his roots. Therefore, ethnic tourism (as a kind of cultural) is a fashionable, rapidly developing direction in the travel industry. As in other popular trends (gastronomic, adventure, rural tourism), the main thing here is motivation, purpose. And this goal is to get to know the culture, way of life, traditions of other peoples, to immerse yourself in their environment, to feel like one of them.

Almost everyone wants to make such a journey. Sociological research of Rostourism showed that 88% of Russians would gladly go on ethnotourism. However, experts note: this direction, despite its popularity, is more in the field of theory than practice, ethno-tourism is still exotic. But its potential in Russia, where 180 ethnic groups live, is incredibly high. And Russians love to travel: according to the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), our country entered the top 10 countries in terms of total tourist spending on travel ($ 35 billion) and, together with France, demonstrated the highest growth in these costs (11%). However, based on airline ticket sales, the beach is still the most popular destination and destination.

“Time seems to have stopped. It seems that you are in the ancient Basque Country and communicate with them. Globalization has left these places untouched, "- shares his impressions of the ethnotour in Spain, associate professor of the Department of Foreign Languages ​​of the PRUE. Plekhanov Dmitry Enygin. He teaches a course on intercultural communication at the University of the Basque Country and has studied in detail what is meant by ethno-tourism in this region.

The authorities around the world are striving to develop ethnotourism. In Spain, the Basque Country is making great efforts to keep youth in the region

A cultural student exchange, for example, means that the guys are completely immersed in the atmosphere of the local flavor. There is not a single chain restaurant, but in terms of the number of Michelin-starred establishments, Basques are champions. And they are based on ethnic cuisine. And also the Basque Country is wine-making routes through the famous vineyards of Rioja, poetry and literary "parades", folklore festivals. “Of course, there are a lot of problems here,” the expert says. - The Basque population is gradually decreasing. But they are making tremendous efforts to ensure that young people stay in the region and participate in its development. It all starts with upbringing in family traditions. "

As defined by the UNWTO, the main motivation for cultural tourism is the exploration and consumption of tangible and intangible cultural attractions. And these attractions are associated with a set of distinctive material, intellectual, spiritual and emotional characteristics of society - art and architecture, historical and cultural heritage, culinary heritage, literature, music, creative industries and living cultures with their lifestyles, value systems, beliefs and traditions. Ethnic tourism is essentially a part of cultural tourism. Only here we are not talking about the museums of world capitals, but about small peoples in provincial, often very remote from civilization corners of the planet.

The relevance of this direction is due to several reasons most important for all mankind. One of them is the constant relocation of people. “There is a huge number of immigrants in the world who are forced to change their place of residence due to many reasons: military, political, religious conflicts, economic factors,” explains Konstantin Pozdnyakov, Associate Professor of the Management Department of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation.

On the one hand, he continues, ethnic and national diversity is one of the hallmarks of modern society. On the other hand, the life of ethnic groups and minorities in the context of globalization, rapid scientific and technological development, environmental crises and increasing information flows is becoming more and more complex. Thus, ethnic tourism is one of the options for preserving ethnic diversity and at the same time contributes to closer contact between representatives of certain peoples, the involvement of their culture in the world cultural heritage.

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