Tourism in Sevastopol is part of tourism in Crimea on the territory of the city of Sevastopol, as well as settlements that are part of the city

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ⓘ Tourism in Sevastopol

Tourism in Sevastopol is a part of tourism in Crimea on the territory of the city of Sevastopol, as well as the settlements that are part of the city. The history of Sevastopol and a number of factors determined the city as a center of military-historical tourism, but the city has resources for the development of recreational, ecological, wine and other types of tourism.

The territory of "Greater Sevastopol" stretches from Cape Sarych to Cape Lukull and includes the territory of the Baydarskaya, Varnutskaya and Uzundzhinskaya valleys, the Heracles Peninsula, about 162 kilometers of coasts. The area is about 107.6 thousand hectares, about a third of which is occupied by the urban area of ​​Sevastopol and satellite cities, about a third is occupied by agricultural land, about a third is occupied by 37 thousand hectares of forests.

Practically all physical and geographical regions of Crimea are represented on this territory. From the Balaklava Heights through Cape Aya, Laspi Bay and to Foros, the subtropical sub-Mediterranean climate of the Southern coast of Crimea is presented, as well as the landscapes of the Southern and Northern macroslopes of the Main ridge of the Crimean Mountains. On the North side, in the Kachi region and on Cape Lucullus, the foothills and the steppe belt are represented. On the territory of "Big Sevastopol" there are the largest in Crimea state landscape reserves "Baydarsky" and "Cape Aya", as well as 9 objects with a conservation status. Among them are the largest in the Crimea massifs of high rusher forests and Stankevich pines. About a third of the land area and aquatic landscapes are the natural heritage of the city.

History of tourism in Sevastopol

The city's rich military historical heritage has led to the development of military-historical tourism in the city. The heroic-patriotic theme was the main one for tourist visits to Sevastopol in the pre-revolutionary, Soviet and post-Soviet periods.

After the heroic defense of Sevastopol in 1854-1855, starting from the second half of the 19th century, the city became one of the most popular sites for patriotic excursions. Initially, the visits were spontaneous, but over time it became more organized. In 1886, an organized group of excursionists from the Simferopol men's state gymnasium visited the city. Gymnasium teachers prepared scientifically worked out excursion texts for the gymnasium students on the themes: "On Russian navigation in the Black Sea and the history of the Black Sea Fleet", "The Siege of Sevastopol and the struggle on the Malakhov Kurgan", "The history of the Bratsk cemetery of Sevastopol". In the future, the flow of students from educational institutions from other provinces of the Russian Empire increased. By the beginning of the 20th century, at least 20 titles of travel guides to Sevastopol were published.

In 1890, the Sevastopol branch of the Crimean Mountain Club was organized, which organized walking, crew and sea excursions in Sevastopol and its environs. The department also helped nonresident visitors to obtain official permission to visit the city, since Sevastopol had the status of a class III military fortress. In 1910, the Russian Society of Tourists developed a long-distance tourist route to Crimea for residents of the European part of Russia with a mandatory visit to Sevastopol.

In the 1920s, during the NEP, excursion services were provided by a large number of various clubs, cooperatives, artels, bureaus, as well as other organizations and individuals, but at the same time excursion material was often at a primitive, superficial level and did not correspond to the Soviet ideological guidelines. Therefore, in the second half of the 1920s, in Sevastopol, the first in Crimea campaign was carried out to combat "gidism" by displaying historical sights haphazardly and superficially, and control passed to the public education authorities, museum institutions and local history societies. Scientific and methodological work in the field of excursion business began to be supervised by the brothers V.P. and P.P. Babenchikov, a local historian, and K.E. Grinevich, professor of archeology. Since 1926, the Sevastopol Museum of Local Lore has been conducting annual courses for excursion leaders.

In the 1930s, after the creation of the All-Union Voluntary Society of Proletarian Tourism and Excursions, the demonstration of the sights of Sevastopol was carried out on the basis of Soviet ideology. Local periodicals criticized the "culture" and "apolitical" city guides. Instead of "excursions in the biographies of the tsarist admirals," it was proposed to focus the attention of visitors to the revolutionary events of 1905-1907 and 1917-1918 and on the present.

At the end of the Great Patriotic War, the defense of Sevastopol in 1941-1942 and the military operation to liberate the city became an important part of the Soviet concept of historical memory, as a result of which Sevastopol became one of the main directions of Soviet memorial tourism. Planned tourist routes of all-Union significance passed through the city: "Across the Western Crimea", "Across the South-Western Crimea", "Along the defense lines of Sevastopol". The city was also included in the Black Sea cruise routes for Soviet citizens and was one of the destinations of the Hero Cities railway tourist route.

Due to the fact that Sevastopol was the main base of the Black Sea Navy of the USSR, its visit was limited to 2-3 days or a one-day excursion program. Entry into the city for foreign citizens was prohibited most of the time. The Intourist branch in the city operated only in 1931-1939 and 1961-1965. The entry of foreign cruise ships into Sevastopol was prohibited until the early 1990s. As a result, medical and recreational tourism characteristic of tourism in Crimea did not receive mass development, and Sevastopol became the center of military-historical tourism and a place of mass excursion work for the active patriotic education of Soviet citizens.

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ⓘ Tourism in Sevastopol

Tourism in Sevastopol is a part of tourism in Crimea on the territory of the city of Sevastopol, as well as the settlements that are part of the city. The history of Sevastopol and a number of factors determined the city as a center of military-historical tourism, but the city has resources for the development of recreational, ecological, wine and other types of tourism.

The territory of "Greater Sevastopol" stretches from Cape Sarych to Cape Lukull and includes the territory of the Baydarskaya, Varnutskaya and Uzundzhinskaya valleys, the Heracles Peninsula, about 162 kilometers of coasts. The area is about 107.6 thousand hectares, about a third of which is occupied by the urban area of ​​Sevastopol and satellite cities, about a third is occupied by agricultural land, about a third is occupied by 37 thousand hectares of forests.

Practically all physical and geographical regions of Crimea are represented on this territory. From the Balaklava Heights through Cape Aya, Laspi Bay and to Foros, the subtropical sub-Mediterranean climate of the Southern coast of Crimea is presented, as well as the landscapes of the Southern and Northern macroslopes of the Main ridge of the Crimean Mountains. On the North side, in the Kachi region and on Cape Lucullus, the foothills and the steppe belt are represented. On the territory of "Big Sevastopol" there are the largest in Crimea state landscape reserves "Baydarsky" and "Cape Aya", as well as 9 objects with a conservation status. Among them are the largest in the Crimea massifs of high rusher forests and Stankevich pines. About a third of the land area and aquatic landscapes are the natural heritage of the city.

History of tourism in Sevastopol

The city's rich military historical heritage has led to the development of military-historical tourism in the city. The heroic-patriotic theme was the main one for tourist visits to Sevastopol in the pre-revolutionary, Soviet and post-Soviet periods.

After the heroic defense of Sevastopol in 1854-1855, starting from the second half of the 19th century, the city became one of the most popular sites for patriotic excursions. Initially, the visits were spontaneous, but over time it became more organized. In 1886, an organized group of excursionists from the Simferopol men's state gymnasium visited the city. Gymnasium teachers prepared scientifically worked out excursion texts for the gymnasium students on the themes: "On Russian navigation in the Black Sea and the history of the Black Sea Fleet", "The Siege of Sevastopol and the struggle on the Malakhov Kurgan", "The history of the Bratsk cemetery of Sevastopol". In the future, the flow of students from educational institutions from other provinces of the Russian Empire increased. By the beginning of the 20th century, at least 20 titles of travel guides to Sevastopol were published.

In 1890, the Sevastopol branch of the Crimean Mountain Club was organized, which organized walking, crew and sea excursions in Sevastopol and its environs. The department also helped nonresident visitors to obtain official permission to visit the city, since Sevastopol had the status of a class III military fortress. In 1910, the Russian Society of Tourists developed a long-distance tourist route to Crimea for residents of the European part of Russia with a mandatory visit to Sevastopol.

In the 1920s, during the NEP, excursion services were provided by a large number of various clubs, cooperatives, artels, bureaus, as well as other organizations and individuals, but at the same time excursion material was often at a primitive, superficial level and did not correspond to the Soviet ideological guidelines. Therefore, in the second half of the 1920s, in Sevastopol, the first in Crimea campaign was carried out to combat "gidism" by displaying historical sights haphazardly and superficially, and control passed to the public education authorities, museum institutions and local history societies. Scientific and methodological work in the field of excursion business began to be supervised by the brothers V.P. and P.P. Babenchikov, a local historian, and K.E. Grinevich, professor of archeology. Since 1926, the Sevastopol Museum of Local Lore has been conducting annual courses for excursion leaders.

In the 1930s, after the creation of the All-Union Voluntary Society of Proletarian Tourism and Excursions, the demonstration of the sights of Sevastopol was carried out on the basis of Soviet ideology. Local periodicals criticized the "culture" and "apolitical" city guides. Instead of "excursions in the biographies of the tsarist admirals," it was proposed to focus the attention of visitors to the revolutionary events of 1905-1907 and 1917-1918 and on the present.

At the end of the Great Patriotic War, the defense of Sevastopol in 1941-1942 and the military operation to liberate the city became an important part of the Soviet concept of historical memory, as a result of which Sevastopol became one of the main directions of Soviet memorial tourism. Planned tourist routes of all-Union significance passed through the city: "Across the Western Crimea", "Across the South-Western Crimea", "Along the defense lines of Sevastopol". The city was also included in the Black Sea cruise routes for Soviet citizens and was one of the destinations of the Hero Cities railway tourist route.

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