The nature of the Kirov region

The nature of the Kirov region

General information

The region's territory is 121,500 km and occupies the central part of Russia. The population at the beginning of 2019 is 1 280 140 people. The main administrative city of the region is Kirov. It includes: Kirovo-Chepetsk, Slobodskoy, Vyatskiye Polyany, Kotelnich, Sovetsk. The Kirov region was formed in 1941 under the Udmurt Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. The nature of the region is represented in a large number of various forests and rivers.

Mountains and hills

The main feature of the natural part of the region is that its main area is represented in the form of forests and plains. Closer to the east is the Upper Kama Upland, the height of which reaches 400 meters and extends along the Ural Mountains. It is presented in the form of densely populated ridges and hills. The Vyatka River starts from it. Vyatsky Uval, another mountain range, which runs along the center of the region, its height starts from 150 meters and reaches 300 meters. Closer to the north of the region is the Northern Uval. Its maximum height reaches 290 meters. There are two famous caves Kirov and Paradnaya in the region.

Nedminsky rocks are another natural pride of the region. They are located on the border with Mari El near the Nemda River. Nearby there is a protected natural area "Pizhemsky". Berestyansky waterfall is one of the famous sights of the Kirov region. In winter, the water frozen over its entire height shimmers from the rays of the sun.

Geography and Climate

The area of ​​the region, which is about 600 meters, allows you to see and appreciate the diversity of landscape plain species: a large number of different forests, a variety of fir plants, various rivers and lakes. A large number of rivers and lakes will delight any fisherman with fishing and catch. In addition to a significant number of trees and plants, the region is also rich in northern landscapes and deposits of natural resources such as oil, peat, phosphates and forests.

The region has generous reserves of fresh water, mineral springs, and natural healing mud. The nature of the Kirov region boasts on its territory: sheer cliffs, rocks, waterfalls, underground caves. The climate here is temperate continental. It is rather cold in the region, due to the frequent movement of polar air masses. This phenomenon leads to the fact that in winter it is quite cold here and sharp and severe frosts prevail, and in summer, during a warm period, there can be a sharp change in temperatures from warm to cold.

Summer is short and fast, and winter is long and snowy. In spring the air temperature is + 17 °. In April, the snow cover conceals and by the end of the month not even a trace remains of the snow. Summer begins in June and lasts until early September, the average temperature at this time of the year is + 25 °. Depending on the year, the summer can be hot and dry, the thermometer can rise to + 40 °. The first frosts begin at the end of October, already in January the temperature drops to -20 °, heavy snow falls, and winter lasts about four months. February is considered rainy and by the beginning of March the temperature starts to rise.

Rivers and lakes

The total number of rivers in the region has more than 1980 reservoirs, the total length of which is about 70 thousand km. All of them are powered by sources that are located both on the surface and inside the soil. They flow smoothly and calmly. The most important river in the region is called Vyatka. Its length is over 1,500 meters. The river can be classified as a typical water body with no small tortuosity.

It flows through the valley, surrounded by rocks and has typical changes in the direction of the current. In mid-November, the river begins to freeze and by the end of the month is completely covered with ice. The reservoir is rich in waterfowl and various types of fish. On the banks of the river there are populations and regions: Slobodskaya, Kirovo-Chepetskaya, Kirov, Orlov. One of the most mysterious lakes in the region is Lezhinskoe, which was formed over 400 years ago.

It appeared as a result of the collapse of deep cavities. The shore of the lake is surrounded by forests, thanks to which the wind does not get here. The depth is about 40 meters and the diameter of the lake is 390 meters. In addition to wide underwater vegetation, the lake is home to various species of crayfish, pike, roach. There is another local reservoir, Shaitan, in the Kirov region.

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