Unlike Vladimir, the splendor of the ancient architecture of Suzdal is not crushed by factories and is in complete harmony with the surrounding nature, the Russian fabulous landscape, meadows and forests located along the winding river Kamenka, across which wooden pedestrian bridges are thrown and which in the summer buried in the green of reeds and lilies. Suzdal is gorgeous at any time of the year, but in winter, covered with snow, the city seems fabulous.
Most buildings are traditionally built of wood and stone, and almost every house has a vegetable garden; cows and sheep grazing in the meadows complete the idyllic picture of a Russian village, and even tourists do not disturb the harmony. The lack of rubbish and empty bottles on the streets testifies to the fact that the citizens' self-esteem is still not tainted by civilization, despite the city's economic problems.
The history of Suzdal is closely related to the history of Vladimir, since Suzdal was the capital of the principality during the period before the reign of Prince Dolgoruky - when his court was in the village of Kideksha, located 4 kilometers from Suzdal on the Nerl River; the successor of the prince moved the capital to Vladimir. But even after that, Suzdal remained the religious center of medieval Russia, with monasteries dedicated to Boris and Gleb, as well as to Alexander Nevsky, which subsequent princes and tsars generously endowed and used them as a place of imprisonment for unloved wives; The city flourished during the 16th-17th centuries, when the easily distinguishable Suzdal style was manifested in the appearance of many church buildings.
Suzdal has fifty churches, monasteries and cathedrals that form a single architectural ensemble - and although the Soviets banned church services and recklessly destroyed twelve churches and ten monasteries, they preserved the rest as monuments and declared the entire city a museum- a nature reserve under state protection. It is easy to understand why Russian filmmakers used it to shoot historical epics - the most outstanding of which is Tarkovsky's masterpiece Andrei Rublev.
Otdykh v Suzdal, located on Kremlyovskaya street, house number 1, is not always open during the hours announced in the announcements, but its employees can help with hotel reservations, transport and excursions. You can change money at the Main Tourist Complex or Sberbank on Lenin Street, but there are no ATMs.
The telephone center and post office on Red Square are open 24 hours a day, and there is a pharmacy across the street from Sberbank. When leaving Suzdal, keep in mind that the bus station is located 15-20 minutes walk from the city center; buses leave from Red Square (No. 1 and 4) and from the Main tourist complex (No. 3) irregularly, and local motorists do not like to take fellow travelers. The taxi stop is located near the Main Tourist Complex (SCC).
If you are planning to spend a few days in the city, it is best to book a hotel room for Christmas, New Years or local holidays. Ivan Kupala Day, celebrated at the end of June, is a pagan holiday, when young girls in white robes gather ferns and bathe in the river, young people jump over bonfires at dusk.
If you want to stay in a family boarding house, at your service is the nice hotel "Guest House of the Kirillovs" with breakfast and overnight stay, located in Krasnoarmeisky Lane, 11, 300 meters from the Pokrovsky Monastery. The owners of the hotel are unusually friendly and welcoming people. They advise you to book rooms a week or two in advance and confirm your booking before arrival, or you can choose your accommodation among local hotels - in any case, it is advisable to book a room in advance.
Russian Compound Restaurant
Suzdal is the only city-reserve in Russia, a city-museum that bears this name officially. In it you immediately become imbued with the spirit of Ancient Russia. At times, it seems that time has stopped, and we are transported to the past centuries. Foreign travelers tend to this distinctive city of the "Golden Ring". From our article you will learn about the history and main attractions of Suzdal: ancient buildings that have survived to this day, unique churches, monasteries, museums, parks. Get acquainted with a variety of entertainment: folk festivals, folklore holidays.
Suzdal is located in the Vladimir region, 38 km from the regional center and 224 km along the highway from Moscow. More than 10 thousand people live in it. The area is 15 km2.
The city is small, ecologically clean, since there are no large industrial enterprises in it. The only exception is the mead factory, which produces several types of mead. It is famous for its special manufacturing technology using natural products. Few people leave without this traditional souvenir.
Its economy is based on tourism, so the hotel business is flourishing. Attention is paid to the development of the food industry network: restaurants, cafes, and the provision of banking services. There are sewing workshops.
The city of Suzdal from a bird's eye view
There are no multi-storey buildings in Suzdal. There is a local government ban on the construction of buildings above 2 floors. Most of the houses are built of wood or finished with wood. Every effort is being made to preserve the medieval style of the city. Its trademark is the white stone walls of monasteries combined with natural wood.
Suzdal is the site of the annual Open Russian Animated Film Festival.
Historians have been trying for decades to uncover the mystery of the city's name. There is no consensus yet.
There is a legend about its creation, told by the chronicler Fedorov. It tells the story of three brothers from the tribe of Japheth, who were born after the end of the flood. Two of them laid the foundation for cities in the Russian lands on the shores of the Varangian Sea, and the third explored new lands of forests and swamps. Suzdal grew up in those places.
The Laurentian Chronicle of 1024 contains lines mentioning the settlement of Suzhdal, which meant "the founder judged the city to be here." The settlement consisted of artisans and farmers. According to one of the most grounded versions, the word Suzhdal comes from "szdati", which in Ancient Russia meant "to create from clay." Suzdal is a city made of clay.
This settlement is often called a picture town, often an additional adverb of fabulous picturesque appears. This settlement can be considered an open-air museum; its entire territory is included in the reserve. The visiting card is a landscape with white-stone walls on the river banks and domes of 32 temples sparkling in the sun. So, Suzdal attractions photos with descriptions.
There are no high-rise buildings and large industrial enterprises in this place. The famous Soviet film The Marriage of Balzaminov was filmed here. We are looking for the unique appearance of Russia in today's review of Suzdal attractions photos with descriptions.
The boundaries of the city center have remained unchanged for 300 years. The population is only in the region of 10 thousand, which formally own 150 noteworthy objects. Back in the Soviet era, in 1974, Suzdal was awarded a high government award for the preservation of its landmarks. In the 12th century, the town was the center of a separate independent principality, it was destroyed many times during military conflicts, the population died out from disease. For example, in the 17th century, only 78 households remained from the entire settlement. Nevertheless, despite all the troubles, he lives his own life now, growing in tourists and travelers, who are many times superior to the locals. Suzdal monuments have long been on the list of world cultural heritage. You can come here at any time, regardless of the season.
Suzdal Kremlin Suzdal
Many people advise to start acquaintance with this particular object. Unlike other defensive complexes, the Suzdal fort has been well preserved to this day, if you do not take into account the walls and defensive towers erected in the 10th century.
In addition, it should be noted that some of its buildings are the most ancient, which, like a sponge, absorbed the history that begins from the era of Monomakh's reign.
This complex will be interesting for believing pilgrims, on the territory there are not only well-preserved, but also continue their direct functions, a number of Orthodox churches, for example, the Nativity Cathedral or the Church of the Nativity of the Virgin - one of the first Christian churches in this town.
Suzdal Nature Reserve is a branch of the Vladimir Museum institution.
Suzdal excursions. An overview of excursions around Suzdal will help travelers sort out among the many proposals and choose the right one. We rated the excursions in terms of cost, program richness and reviews. Tips are intended for independent travelers. For those who would like to travel to Suzdal from Moscow for 1 day or 2 days by bus, we will orient at the end of the article. Use the table of contents, go directly to the desired section. Prices first.
The minimum price for an excursion in Suzdal is 900 rubles. It is called “Group Tour of Suzdal”. Everything is clear from the name - this is a walking tour of the city, an excursion to its sights. We look at other prices.
Individual excursions around Suzdal fall within the range of 1,500 - 6,000 rubles. An expensive offer of 12,990 rubles falls out of it. It includes the rental of expensive ammunition and ancient weapons. After all, the guide offers to shoot from a bow. Views from the bell tower are included. Climbing it requires an entrance fee. Judging by the reviews, the price is justified.
Gentlemen, be careful! The price for excursions changes, alas, not in favor of the client. I am publishing the prices of the beginning of 2021.
Let's start with a win-win option for an individual excursion. “Secrets of Suzdal for Children and Adults” received the maximum number of positive reviews. Three restrained opinions out of 120 positive ones looked professionally. The impression was that the respondents wanted to show their pseudo-scholarship. I spread my hands and sigh with doom - it is not treated. The tour lasts 2.5 hours. I liked that the guide knows how to adapt to the children's audience. Recommended.
The second most popular excursion is “Suzdal - the cradle of Russia”. It includes the Suzdal Kremlin, the houses of the townspeople, and the ascent to the tower and the fortress walls. What do sightseers dislike? There was an incident with some clients. The declared guide could not work, he was replaced by a colleague and, apparently, did not try very hard. But a bad review tarnished the rating. The second time, the walk took place on the “day of the cucumber”. Guys, this is a kirdyk. No guide will save Suzdal on a cucumber holiday. Therefore, the complaint is not to the guide, but to the event. “Suzdal - the cradle of Russia” - a three-hour excursion. Therefore, if you are not burdened by children, I recommend choosing it.
If you are with children, I will once again advertise “Secrets of Suzdal for Children and Adults”. According to those who visited it, even five-year-old children did not get bored during the walk. Both teenagers and younger schoolchildren showed interest. Claims? Where can we go without them? Some guests complained about the high cost of the tour. My answer is that Suzdal is not cheap. Take a look at the cost of hotels. They are assessed at the level of the center of the regional city. The same happens with the services of the guides. You have to pay for Suzdal, alas. The second client was extremely dissatisfied with the replacement of the guide and did not fail to express this in a harsh manner.
Summer is high season in Suzdal, because the city is one of the top spots on the Golden Ring route. What is interesting in Suzdal in the summer? These are unusual festivals like Cucumber Day; boat trips along the Kamenka river; picnics in the flooded meadows. You can rent a house for the summer in Suzdal and enjoy the nature of Central Russia. You can go on a weekend excursion tour to get acquainted with the ancient Russian white-stone architecture. There are many options!
The weather in Suzdal is moderately warm in summer. The average summer air temperature is + 20 + 24 degrees. Little precipitation. You can choose for recreation any summer month. Summer opens up extensive opportunities for exploring Suzdal and its surroundings: you can organize bike rides, swim in the holy springs, take part in rafting or cruises. Navigation opens in May and lasts until October.
Suzdal in the summer turns into one of the most important centers of attraction for tourists in the Vladimir region. The city is transportable and compact. Suzdal has an area of only 15 sq. m. and the status of the city-reserve. You can get around the top sights of Suzdal in a day, but in order to see the ancient monasteries and the buildings of the Kremlin from the inside, you should set aside at least 2 days for the trip. What to do in Suzdal in the summer? Start your acquaintance with the city with its architectural landmarks.
The monastery was built in the XIV century, but currently the monastery is not active. Now, behind the massive fortress walls, there is an architectural tourist complex. The museum complex includes buildings from different centuries, headed by the Transfiguration Cathedral of the 16th century. Inside the cathedral there are paintings of amazing beauty and scale. The second most important object of the monastery is the prison castle. It was founded as a place for the imprisonment of persons objectionable to the Orthodox Church during the time of Catherine II and continued to perform its functions until the 70s of the XX century. Despite the fact that services in the churches of the Spaso-Evfimiev Monastery are not conducted, the bell tower continues to operate. Every hour a melodic ringing is heard over the territory.
The Kremlin Ramparts are the most ancient part of the city. According to archaeological data, they were poured back in the 10th century. The length of the earthen rampart near the Suzdal Kremlin is 1.5 km. Behind the restored white-stone walls of the Kremlin there are temples and religious buildings. The main church is the 12th century Nativity Cathedral. Also noteworthy is the wooden St. Nicholas Church, built in the 18th century. The main part of the museum exhibits is located in the bishops' chambers. There is a historical museum of the Suzdal region.
In addition to the museum complex "Spaso-Evfimiev Monastery", there are other holy monasteries in the city that are active. These are two women's (Pokrovsky and Rozopolozhensky) and two men's (Alexander and St. Vasilievsky) monasteries. The Pokrovsky Monastery has the most striking history. It was founded in the XIV century and almost immediately became a place for exile for the wives of noble persons, including Russian tsars. In the nuns of the Intercession Monastery, the wives of Ivan the Terrible and Peter I were trimmed. In the history of the 20th century, the monastery is notable for the fact that there was a laboratory for the development of biological weapons - it was on the territory of the monastery that a liquid vaccine against tularemia was created.
The Monastery of the Robe is notable for its openwork gates with towers and a bell tower with an observation deck. The Alexander Monastery is located on the left bank of the Kamenka; according to legend, it was founded by Alexander Nevsky. True, the oldest buildings date back to the 17th century - the earliest wooden buildings were burned by the Poles. St. Basil's Monastery is located in the eastern part of Suzdal, near the bus station. In the 13th century it was a defensive structure, later transformed into a holy monastery. Now the monastery includes the Cathedral of Basil the Great, the Sretenskaya refectory church and the Holy Gates.
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