The Federal Law "On the Fundamentals of Tourist Activities in the Russian Federation" defines social tourism as "travel subsidized from funds allocated by the state for social needs", while certain categories of Russian tourists are provided by the state in the manner established by the Government of the Russian Federation with social benefits. character.
In the European Union, social tourism is associated with a low-income clientele that does not allow for high quality tourism services. This category of citizens needs social benefits. This includes, first of all, large families, orphans, pupils of orphanages and boarding schools, students and working youth, pensioners, people with disabilities and low-income citizens. According to Russian experts, there are about 35 million pensioners and disabled people in the Russian Federation. The main sources of funds for providing targeted assistance to the most vulnerable segments of the population are federal and local budgets. According to some expert data, in 1996 in Russia about 160 thousand pensioners and disabled people received social assistance for recreation and treatment.
Social tourism is understood as a sector of the tourism market where buyers receive subsidies from funds allocated by the state for social needs or other sources of coverage in order to create conditions for travel and recreation for schoolchildren, working and studying youth from low-income families , pensioners, veterans and disabled people, i.e. persons to whom government and other organizations provide social support.
Thus, the central problem of social tourism, the most difficult and intractable, is to find sources of financing for it, and if any, in the system of conscientious distribution of financial resources among low-income categories of people who, according to certain criteria, have a preferable the right to benefits in it. It can be assumed that in the absence of proper legal norms, legal framework, financial and personnel documents, social tourism can turn into a feeding trough for unscrupulous persons.
1. Basic concepts and types of social tourism
The Federal Law "On the Basics of Tourist Activities in the Russian Federation" dated 24. 1.996 No. 132-FZ says: "Social tourism is tourism, fully or partially carried out at the expense of budgetary funds, state funds off-budget funds (including funds allocated within the framework of state social assistance), as well as employers' funds.
In other words, social tourism is any type of tourism (educational, resort, ecological, rural, etc.), the costs of which are fully or partially paid by the tourist from financial sources intended for social needs.
In general, social tourism is considered as an economic category and in most laws of various states this type of tourism is ranked as a priority. Russian law gives social tourism a third degree of priority after domestic and inbound tourism.
The wording quoted from the federal law is still the only one in relation to social tourism. But so far, in our country, a regulatory document has not been developed that would determine the mechanism for obtaining from the state the assistance legally relying on from the budgetary funds provided for social needs. There is also no specific definition of which of the tourists, for which of their trips, where and when they can receive financial support from the state for these purposes.
The main goal of social tourism is to create conditions for travel for pensioners, disabled people, war and labor veterans, schoolchildren, youth and any other citizens to whom the state, state and non-state funds, and other organizations provide social support.
On the example of a number of civilized countries, we see that social tourism is developing in the form of "associative tourism", which is organized by the trade unions of tourism companies and associations of social tourism. The main task of social tourism has become the organization of cheap travel for people with low incomes. Municipal authorities have also played a significant role in the development of social tourism, creating for this not only economic conditions (providing socially oriented tourism business with land benefits, tax benefits and other preferences), but also infrastructural ones, primarily focused on people with physical disabilities. That is why tourism for this category of citizens is a common phenomenon in European countries. Many travel agencies offer their services in this area, with a variety of specialized tourist programs and excursions for the disabled. The economically beneficial development of social tourism is promoted not by the presence of individual single infrastructural elements, but by the created goal-setting system that provides people with access to good rest, and hence the effective restoration of physical and spiritual strength.
For example, in Germany, in order to develop cultural and educational tourism, all places of leisure are equipped taking into account the needs of people with limited mobility. Museums and theaters usually have wheelchairs that can be used by people with disabilities. Much attention is paid to "accessible" cultural and educational tourism in Spain. British travel agencies offering social tours conducted an inspection in Barcelona and recognized it as one of the best travel destinations in the world from this point of view. Recently, a special website “Accessible Tourism” has been created, containing all the information on relevant travel to Catalonia. There you can find detailed information about 19 tour routes, which have created the necessary conditions for the reception of disabled people and elderly people.
Finland is home to a bunch of small businesses that offer water tourism services for people with disabilities on pleasure craft, which can be accessed by people in wheelchairs.
Developer: Yulia Alexandrovna Dudareva
Coordinates of the developer: ОДП № 1, GBU SO MO "Noginsky KTSSON"
The goal of the project: the use of innovative forms of work in social services for elderly citizens and disabled people, improving their standard of living in modern society.
Involvement of older people in an active lifestyle;
Keeping older people in good physical shape and staying healthy;
Involvement of older people in social activities aimed at harmonizing interpersonal relationships;
- keeping older people interested in various types of outdoor activities;
- increasing vitality and the need for self-realization;
Implementation of new social technologies in work with older people aimed at improving the quality of life.
Seniors and people with disabilities.
Brief description of the project
Orienteering Maps What signs are there? Almost everything that we see on the ground is displayed on the map in the form of conventional symbols. Everyone, at least from the school