Annotation. the article considers the factors of development of ecological tourism and outlines the problems of the implementation of this direction in the region.
Keywords: ecological tourism, scientific tourism, adventure tourism.
At present, the tourism sector in Russia is an important and rapidly developing link in the country's economy. The popularity of tourism as an active holiday is growing, and its geography is constantly expanding. New directions and types of tourism are being created. In view of the current financial situation in the world market, it is possible to predict the dynamic development of the domestic sector. In this regard, the demand for all destinations and types of recreation within the country will increase. They include such types of tourism as religious, sports, extreme, educational and many others.
The state today assigns a special role to the promotion of ecological recreation. In this regard, ecological tourism is becoming more widespread. Today, ecological tourism is one of the most important segments in the tourism sector in Russia. Its relevance is explained by the fact that, according to experts, it is this type of tourism that should receive priority development in the near future, since it is focused on the sparing, rational use of natural and historical and cultural objects, fosters the environmental outlook of people, and avoids many negative consequences of mass tourism ... In addition, practice shows that ecological tourism contributes to the socio-economic development of regions. The reason for the demand for this direction, first of all, is the need of citizens for free communication with nature, not burdened by city noise and bustle. The implementation of this direction is mainly associated with the use of the territories of national parks within the framework of regulated tourism.
Ecological tourism is a journey with responsibility towards the environment and undisturbed natural territories.
The distinguishing feature of eco-tourism is that it can prevent negative impacts on nature and encourage tour operators and tourists to contribute to nature conservation and socio-economic development.
Ecological tourism is the only direction in the tourism industry interested in preserving its main resource - the natural environment or its individual components (natural monuments, certain species of animals or plants, etc.). The local population is involved in the process of ecological tourism; it is interested in the use of natural resources on the basis of economic management, not seizure. Any civilized type of tourism must necessarily bear the traits of "environmental friendliness", not violate the natural balance, and even more so not cause damage to natural complexes. All types of tourism should include environmental and cultural components, have general educational goals and educational focus.
There are five main criteria that ecological tourism must meet:
1) an appeal to nature, the use of predominantly natural resources; 2) not causing damage to the environment or minimizing this damage; 3) focus on environmental education and enlightenment, on the formation of relations of equal partnership with nature; 4) focus on preserving the local socio-cultural sphere; 5) economic efficiency from the standpoint of sustainable development of those regions where it is carried out 1.
The listed criteria of ecological tourism must correspond to each of its types, which include:
1) scientific tourism - associated with various kinds of nature research; 2) nature history tours - travels related to the knowledge of the surrounding nature and local culture; 3) adventure tourism - unites all travel related to active modes of movement and recreation in nature, with the aim of obtaining new sensations, impressions, improving the tourist's physical shape and achieving sports results; 4) travel to nature reserves - tourism for the purpose of observing unique and exotic natural objects and phenomena located in specially protected natural areas.
Samara is a Russian city with a population of 1.5 million people, located in the Middle Volga region. The old city is spread out in the bend of the Samarskaya Luka, on the left bank of the Volga River. It stretches for 50 km along the "Mother" and 20 km in width. It is one of the largest settlements in the country with a rich historical and cultural heritage. Consider the sights of Samara, which are definitely worth seeing.
There are several versions of the origin of the city's name. According to one of them, the name Samara is of Turkic origin and is translated as “steppe hand”. According to another opinion, the name is of Greek origin and means “merchant. Others agree that Samara owes its name to the river of the same name, on which it is built. The fortress around the reservoir was erected by order of Tsar Fyodor, who once ruled the Russian Empire. The decree was signed in 1753, and it is this time that serves as the year of the city's foundation. In Soviet times (from 1935 to 1991) this cultural center in the Middle Volga region was named Kuibyshev.
Famous squares in Samara
This landmark of Samara is the most iconic place, it is named after the patron saint of Metropolitan Alexy. According to historical information, the creation of this place began from a small lake, which was located in an overgrown meadow.
Until 1982, the building architecture plan included the construction of a market square. In the tradition of those times, soon wooden structures began to be built around the clearing, which acted as trade shops.
V. V. Kuibyshev is a prominent statesman and party leader. In Soviet times, the city was renamed in his honor. The famous sculptor Matvey Manizer worked on the creation of this statue.
On average, the size of a monument is twice the height of a person. The huge figure is presented to the gaze in a natural pose, the politician is dressed in an ordinary cloak and work boots.