Show in excursion
Show is the process of implementing the principle of visibility, a visual way to get acquainted with an excursion object or several objects at the same time (for example, with a monument of architecture or with an architectural ensemble). A show can be viewed as an action (or a sum of actions) of a guide aimed at revealing the essence of an object.
Show on excursions is a multifaceted process of extracting visual information from objects, a process during which the actions of tourists are performed in a certain sequence, for a specific purpose. The term "display" has no generally accepted meaning. As a special term, it was introduced into the everyday life of scientists by excursionists and is widely used in the methodological literature on excursion business. In the dictionaries, the terms "show" and "demonstration" are identified.
A demonstration is characterized as a public display, designed for a group perception of an object or phenomenon as the action of a certain person, presenting an object for viewing by a group of people (excursionists, students, pupils).
Showing an object is a system of purposeful actions of a guide and excursionists, observing objects under the guidance of a qualified specialist. The show involves the analysis of objects, active independent work of the tourists.
To show means to demonstrate objects, to explain, to make understandable, accessible what sightseers see in front of them, to direct their activities.
A feature of the display is the ability to detect, reveal a particular quality (property, ability) of the observed object, the ability to make it clear, obvious what is invisible at the first glance at the object.
The effectiveness of visibility depends on the organization of the display of objects, their correct observation by tourists. A person on an excursion learns to look and see correctly, observe and study. This is the purpose of the show. The creators of the excursion, developing the theme, must take into account the subject of the show, the purpose of the show and how fully the topic of the excursion is revealed.
Display grows out of human actions such as contemplation and inspection. If, during contemplation and inspection, no one demonstrates the object, there is no leader, then passivity of perception of objects of the visual row arises.
Fig. one. . Excursion screening scheme
Europe is a continent of castles. The vast majority of them were built during the Middle Ages on rocky headlands in strategic areas to defend against possible invasions. The history of many of them speaks of conquests, kings, battles and violent deaths, the legends of many of them today are wrapped in an aura of mystery.
Located on the banks of the Thames, in front of the most iconic Tower Bridge in the city. A fortification built by Guillermo el Conquistador in the 11th century, which passed from the royal residence to the torture building. Its maximum climax as a prison occurred between the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, when monarchs, writers, religious figures, and artists who opposed the crown were imprisoned, tortured, and murdered.
There are many legends associated with this fortress. Here is one of them - the second wife of Henry VIII in 1536 was locked in the White Tower, and then beheaded for adultery. After her death, the remaining guard on guard at night claimed that the ghost of the former queen roamed the various rooms of the castle without a head. Although this is not the only story, the Tower of London has many more ghosts, another of the royal wives, men and even animals that were killed in the central courtyard of the building. Today, when visiting the tower, one can see the torture machines that were in use at that time.
In the city of Darmstadt, a few kilometers from Frankfurt, there is one of the most mysterious buildings in Germany, the Frankenstein Castle, a building erected in the thirteenth century by Lord Konrad II. At first this place was used as a family residence, then it was sold and turned into an orphanage and a hospital.
This fortress is currently known for hosting one of the best Halloween parties. The origins of this castle date back to 1976, when a group of American soldiers decided to host an All Saints Day party at the castle's restaurant. Perhaps it was one of the legends that inspired them to celebrate the night of fear, because they said that inside the building you can see the ghost of George von Frankenstein, who died during a fight.
It is also believed that British writer Mary Shelley was inspired there to write her famous work "Frankenstein". Apparently, this could be based on the image of one of the sons of a famous chemist, theologian and German doctor, who was accused of being able to create life from inanimate matter.
Located in the Medina del Campo, in Valladolid, this huge fortification is associated with the historical clashes between the Crown of Castile and Aragon. The castle changed its appearance many times, expanded several times. The moat that surrounds it is currently dry, although there was a time when the water overflowed it. According to legend, the king's niece drowned in the waters around the moat, who was killed on the orders of her uncle, because she had a lover - one of the inhabitants of the neighboring village. Apparently, their relationship was not to the liking of the king.
Medieval castles weren't really just big fortresses with massive stone walls. These were ingeniously designed fortifications that used a variety of ingenious and creative ways to defend the inhabitants of the castle from enemy attacks.
Almost every castle was surrounded by a moat filled with water. It is generally accepted that this was an obstacle for the assault forces, but in fact it was not the main function of the moat.
One of the biggest problems of the inhabitants of a medieval castle or fortress was that the invading army could dig tunnels under the fortifications. Not only could the enemy get inside the castle underground, but the tunnels could also lead to the collapse of the castle walls. The ditch prevented this, since the tunnel dug under the ditch was inevitably flooded with water and it collapsed.
This has been a very effective deterrent against tunneling. Often the moat was laid not around the outer wall of the castle, but between the outer and inner walls.
This was an extremely effective defense method for the inhabitants of a medieval castle, which looked like a series of obstacles surrounding the castle.
As a rule, such obstacles were (as far as the distance from the castle) a burnt and dug field, an outer wall, a moat, an inner wall, the tower of the keep. The attacking army had to overcome each of these obstacles in turn. And it took a lot of time and effort.
The main gate of the castle was often the most dangerous place in the entire structure, as if necessary, they could turn into a deadly trap.
They often led to a small courtyard, at the other end of which there was also another gate, equipped with an iron lowering lattice. If the attackers broke through the first gate and ended up in the courtyard, then the grill fell, after which the aggressors were trapped.
At the same time, there were small holes in the walls of the courtyard through which the defenders could shoot from bows and crossbows at the trapped enemy soldiers.
Our blog contains many individual articles about Czech castles. In this article, I would like to systematize this information and tell you about those Czech castles that must be visited during your trip.
If you come to Prague for a week, then I recommend that you do not spray and visit only the nearby castles - within 100 km from Prague. If you are not visiting Prague for the first time, and have already managed to get acquainted with the surroundings of the Czech capital, you can safely go on a trip to castles far from Prague.
I will not indicate the opening hours of the locks, because. the schedule changes depending on the season. In winter, from November to the end of February, many castles are closed, and you can get into them only with a guided tour. I'll make a reservation right away that visiting most Czech castles is possible only as part of a guided tour, but even if you come as part of a group, the tour is still conducted by a local guide. The cost of a ticket to the castle is indicated with the expectation that you will buy a tour not in Czech, but in English or Russian.
Karlštejn Castle is a must-see Gothic castle located just 35 km from Prague. Ideal for one day excursion from Prague. The castle is located in a picturesque place - on a 72-meter high limestone cliff above the river, so be prepared to climb the hill. After the climb, you will be rewarded with enchanting views of the green forests spreading around, small houses with red tiled roofs. The castle was founded in 1348. The founder was the Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire and King of Bohemia, Charles IV. The castle kept the regalia of Bohemian and Czech kings, as well as the St. Wenceslas crown of Czech kings. It's an unforgivable mistake to visit Prague and not visit Karlštejn Castle, so go here without further thought.
Křivoklát Castle is located 50 km from Prague, and it is very interesting to get to it by train, because. the second half of the journey after a change in Beroun goes by a diesel train moving along a single track. Krivoklat is famous for the fact that the film "The Chronicles of Narnia" was filmed within its walls.
The first mention of the castle dates back to the 12th century - at that time it served as a hunting castle for Czech rulers, which is not surprising - the surrounding forests are teeming with wild boars, roe deer and foxes. While walking through the castle, you will see a dungeon, a knight's and royal hall, a huge library with more than 50 thousand books. When visiting the castle, be sure to check out the nearby observation deck for great photos of the castle's powerful façade. Or visit the U Jelena hunting restaurant next to the castle, which serves game dishes from the surrounding forests.
One of the most beautiful and unusual buildings in the Czech Republic, Konopiste Castle, is located 50 km from Prague. The castle served as the hunting residence of Franz Ferdinand d'Este (it was because of the murder of Franz Ferdinand that the First World War began), who adored hunting and collected hunting trophies and works of art. The collection of hunting weapons in the Konopiste castle is the largest in Europe and includes 4,682 items, the collection of hunting trophies - about 300,000 items. A tour of the castle is very interesting - in my opinion, such richly decorated interiors cannot be found in any other Czech castle.
The price includes
Daily tour program
Fascinating excursion to Nesvizh and Mir castles from Minsk
Departure at 09.00 from Minsk, return at 19. 0.
Are you ready to see with your own eyes incredible architecture, time-sealed color and mysterious relics of past generations? All this is within the framework of our excursion.
Mir Castle and the palace and park ensemble in Nesvizh were included in the UNESCO World Heritage List many years ago, they were repeatedly restored (last time in 2011), while the ancient beauty of defensive architecture has been fully preserved.
Mir Castle was built in the first quarter of the 16th century. Decorated with multiple staircases and stucco walls, stone-paved courtyards, wine cellars with an original collection of drinks, the Ballroom - all this can be visited and walked far and wide as part of our unique tour.
You will see not only the castle: the church-tomb is waiting for you, where the last owners of the castle are buried; the village of Mir itself with houses of artisans and local merchants on the Market Square, synagogues and churches.
Then you will have lunch, after which you will go to the Nesvizh castle.
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