Cognitive tourism to Portugal

Cognitive tourism to Portugal

Portugal, despite its fame, is still little explored for most tourists. Beach lovers prefer places with warmer sea, travel and sightseeing tours prefer Central Europe. I cannot agree with this approach. I discovered Portugal in all the variety of possible types of vacation. This country is both a natural pearl and a treasure trove of historical monuments. The unique location “at the end of the earth” has endowed Portugal with a variety of reliefs, landscapes and even climatic zones.

The rich history has left many monuments that are the heritage of many peoples and cultures. Conventionally, Portugal can be divided into two parts: the mountainous and humid north, an ideal place for those wishing to plunge into the old days and take time for cultural leisure, and the more flat and dry south - a resort, beaches, active recreation.

Sights of the South of Portugal

The South of Portugal is sometimes called "Africa in Europe". First, the geographical proximity of the Black Continent is affected. Secondly, there is a historical proximity, these lands were under Arab influence for a long time. Therefore, although the south of Portugal is primarily about the beach and the sun, the lover of cultural values ​​will also have something to pay attention to here.

Algarve Province. This is the most suitable climate for a seaside holiday, sandy coast, warm and clean water. You should start visiting this region from the administrative center, Faro. You can visit here:

  • Places of worship - the Monastery of St. Francis, the Monastery of the Assumption of the Virgin, the cathedral church, made in the Roman-Gothic style, the Church of Karmo, the Church of St. Peter.
  • Museums (maritime, local history, ethnographic).
  • Ria Formosa Natural Park with rare plant and animal species and original landscape.

Ria Formosa Natural Park

Interesting for a tourist is the city of Albufeira, in the recent past an unremarkable fishing village, and today one of the leading resort centers in Portugal. Here tourists are waiting for such interesting places:

Albufeira Castle

Some of the smaller settlements are worth visiting:

  • Villamoura. The largest yacht club in Europe is located here.
  • Portimão. From the historical sights: the remains of the fortress walls, the fortress of St. Catherine, the ruins of a Roman villa and an ancient necropolis. The popular Praia da Rocha beach is located near the town.
  • Carvoeiro. Bullfighting is held annually. Popular with original nature, outdoor activities, fishing.
  • Armsau de Pera. It attracts lovers of measured rest. Original architecture, pristine nature in the surroundings.
  • Quarteira. Lots of beaches, great fish market, good food.
  • Monte Gordo. Not Monte Carlo, but there is a casino.
  • Alvor. Beaches, cliffs, first class restaurants.
  • Lagos. A city with more than twenty centuries of history. Beaches, various natural attractions, the richest cultural layer.

Province of Alentejo. First of all, you need to get acquainted with the city of Evora. The following attractions are waiting for you here:

  • University.
  • City Museum.
  • A square with an original architectural ensemble.

A modest state on the shores of the Atlantic Ocean attracts tourists with the opportunity to spend time in picturesque natural areas on the coast, as well as go on exciting excursion tours to the most famous attractions. Choosing this country for vacation, it is important to know not only where Portugal is located, but also other subtleties of finding and peculiarities.

Where is Portugal and what is the most tourist-friendly area

In the southwest of the Iberian Peninsula, in the westernmost European part, is the small Republic of Portugal. The country borders only Spain and is washed by the Atlantic Ocean, making these coastal areas a popular beach destination. Thanks to the warm climate, the tourist season lasts here all year round. The average summer temperature is + 25-26 ° C, gradually approaching winter, the air temperature drops to + 8-9 ° C.

The largest influx of people occurs in July, August and September, however, the rest of the time, many are fond of windsurfing, fishing or yachting. Portugal is a tourist destination not only for its beach areas, but also for its varied landscape and incredible scenery. The highlands of the provinces of Beiros, Minho and Alto Douro, the soft plains of the Algarve and Alentejo, the Douro and Tagus rivers and much more attract travelers to explore.

Portugal has a well-developed tourist infrastructure, and the quality of the service offered is at a decent level. Most vacationers are attracted by the following resort areas:

  • Lisbon Riviera;
  • Madeira;
  • Algarve;
  • Albufeira;
  • Portimao;
  • Alvor;
  • Lagoa;
  • Lagos.

The three main moments of vacation: accommodation, food, entertainment

Before the start of each trip, most tourists are worried about these three questions: where to stay, eat and have fun? The necessary information can be obtained both at the tour sales office, and in guidebooks or on the Internet.

Accommodation. You can stay in Portugal for both a wealthy person and a tourist with a modest budget. In the main tourist areas, you can mainly find hotels of a higher class, but if you search, there are also 2 ** and 3 ** hotels, inexpensive pensions, rooms in private accommodation with local residents and small houses in the village. In the countryside, you can also rent mansions and huge villas. In addition to the listed types of accommodation, do not forget about "pauses" - rooms located in landmark buildings, historical sites and ancient castles.

Food. The main ingredient for traditional Portuguese cuisine is various fish and seafood. In the menu of any restaurant, cafe or bistro you can find dishes from sardines, cod, mackerel and trout. Portuguese chefs have a lot of respect for various Indian spices, so they try to use them as often as possible. Each region of the country has its own unique culinary masterpieces, so a gastronomic tour of this Republic will be the perfect option to taste all these delights.

Traveling in Europe is in demand among tourists and many people visit Portugal. This small country is interesting not only for its culture and history, but also because it has beautiful nature and many places for a good rest. Tourists should know more about the sights, culture and traditions, climate and entertainment in this country.

A little bit about Portugal

Portugal is the westernmost state in continental Europe. About 10,799,270 people live here, and the area of ​​the country is 92,151 km 2.

Coastal areas of Portugal are cozy, picturesque and comfortable for tourism

Mediterranean and subtropical climates prevail here. Therefore, the average air temperature in January is +5 - 10 ° C, and the indicator for July is about 20 - 27 ° C. Mountainous areas, beaches, rich vegetation, developed cities and much more attract tourists to Portugal. Various leisure options are available here, such as water sports or active hiking and sightseeing tours.

Full country name

Portugal refers to the state in the media, reference books, travel brochures, colloquial speech and other situations that do not require the use of an official communication style. This name comes from the city of Porto. The Portuguese Republic is the full official name of the country. It is used in politics, science and other similar cases.

Capital and geography of Portugal

Lisbon is the largest city, port and capital of the country. The population here is 547,733 people. There are many attractions in the city, for example, museums present exhibitions that characterize the history and culture of the country. Several football clubs are based here, bullfights are held, and modern shopping and entertainment centers are located.

Lisbon has many cozy little streets

Portugal is located on the Iberian Peninsula, in its southwestern part. In the east and north, the country borders on Spain, and in the west and south, the shores are washed by the Atlantic Ocean. The islands of Madeira and the Azores are part of Portugal.

Any tourist who wants to enjoy the Mediterranean climate and flavor should first familiarize themselves with some useful tips, which I will provide below.

Having lived in Portugal (Lisbon) for about 3 years, I have always looked for the most comfortable and cheapest ways to travel to my hometown - Moscow. At the moment, there are only two real travel options: 1. By air travel. Disadvantages: high price (about 200-240 euros), luggage weight limit up to 21 kg. Advantage: minimal time consumption (up to 5 hours). ... Tourist buses. Advantages: low price (about 140-150 euros), large baggage weight limit (from 30 to 40 kg), the opportunity to see ancient European cities on the way (Berlin, Prague, Barcelona, ​​etc.). Disadvantages: the duration of the trip lasts from 2 to 4 days, low comfort.

To travel to Portugal, you need to apply for a visa. To obtain it, you need to contact the nearest Portuguese embassy or consulate, where everyone can get useful information and the necessary list of documents. This procedure is familiar to me, for a successful result you need first of all: 1. Pay the consular fee (35 euros). ... Submit hotel reservations and tickets. ... Provide: visa application, foreign passport, financial statement. Minors must present: a birth certificate and permission from both parents to travel. ... Submit health insurance with coverage of at least € 30,000. Its cost for 15 days, for today, is 700 rubles.

The Portuguese are distinguished by their hospitality and peacefulness. During my first tourist trip to Portugal, the locals gave me good advice, invited me to visit and offered their help. I was able to find myself a lot of good acquaintances and friends.

Portugal, as an EU country, uses the euro as its currency. Useful advice for tourists: calculate your possible budget for a trip to Portugal (add an additional 50 euros for emergencies) and change the national currency to the euro in Russia. It is impossible to convert rubles in Western European countries. Unfortunately, I cannot advise you on the exchange rate and favorable exchange rates, since they fluctuate and change every day. Another tip will be a way to store money: it is better to leave 70% of it on a bank card in order to avoid possible thefts and losses.

The official language of Portugal is Portuguese. From my own experience, I can say that the vast majority of residents do not know English, German or Russian. Useful advice for tourists: a small pocket phrasebook can help out on such a trip in the best possible way.

Portugal is considered a famous tourist country in Europe, and therefore in almost every city and village you can find a hotel or hostel. Which of these two options to choose - the choice of the tourist, depending on the financial condition. A night in a three-star hotel will cost between 30 and 50 euros. Hostels offer more attractive prices - from 10 to 30 euros, depending on the city. An advice that I can give to every tourist: it is better to choose a hotel not in the city center, but on the outskirts. This can save you from petty thefts, the noise of night discos and save 10-15 euros. Movement in Portugal is quite diverse and depends on the city that the tourist wants to choose. From my own experience, I can say that only in Lisbon and Porto you can use the metro services. Most of the popular southern resorts offer tourists comfortable buses (price from 1.5 to 2 euros per ticket) and taxis. It is impossible not to note that Portugal offers great cruises on ships, yachts and liners. Their cost is quite high - from 15 to 70 euros, but for several hours you can enjoy the ocean view in comfortable wicker chairs.

Most locals have close contact with tourists, and therefore often try to profit from their benefit. In local markets, it is advisable to carry a bag in front of your eyes, not to put wallets and phones in your pocket. As a lover of big cities, I can warn tourists against contact with suspicious persons. Aggressive drug addicts and pimps are very common in the main squares of Lisbon, Porto and Coimbra. I can also note that most of the locals come from African colonies. Black people and unemployed Roma often rip off bracelets, bags and phones in dark alleys. Several of my friends and I have had quite a few such incidents, so I advise tourists to go in groups and not carry a lot of cash and valuable jewelry.

In every city in Portugal you can find statues of famous sailors, kings and conquerors. Must-see places I include: 1. The town of Fatima. A center of pilgrimage and Catholicism. ... Belém (near Lisbon). This small town houses a dozen famous museums of ships, national clothes, sea gems, as well as a huge planetarium. ... Lisbon. The capital of Portugal is home to the largest oceanarium in Europe with rare species of fish and sea males. You can also visit the famous Jardim Zoologiko zoo, where many animals from different continents of the world are collected. Useful tip: to find out more about the sights in the city, you need to ask the local residents for help. They will be happy to help you find the most interesting ones.

I advise any tourist visiting Portugal to try exotic seafood and local sweets. Restaurants and cafes offer incredible dishes of squid, crayfish, octopus, shrimp and red fish with a wide range of salads, side dishes and drinks. Custard and chocolate cakes are also popular. As a connoisseur of Portuguese traditions, I advise every tourist to try real local wines, which are made according to old traditions.

I am an experienced tourist, and therefore I advise everyone to buy a map and book a hotel before traveling to the desired place, so that upon arrival to avoid unpleasant situations and misunderstandings.

Portugal is an ancient maritime country, and the Portuguese themselves to a large extent feel like a nation of sailors. Mariners like Vasco da Gama paved the way to Africa and America, and 40 years ago Portugal owned colonies. The country's bustling capital, Lisbon, caters to most city-lovers, and the neighboring coastline and further south in the developed Algarve province have great beach resorts.

The rural part of the country is still not very well developed, which provides a rare opportunity to see life that has changed little over the past centuries. In terms of landscape, the most interesting parts of the country lie in the north: this is the region of Minho, green and humid, often striking with its rural customs, a spectacular valley with the Douro gorge, where the railway passes, the ancient branches of which go to the distant region of Traz-uz-Montis.

From the point of view of modernity, two large cities of Lisbon and Porto are of interest. And if your interests lie in the field of architecture, then you will find magnificent antiquities in Coimbra and Evora. The coastline is an almost continuous beach, and apart from the Algarve and a few places around Lisbon and Porto, resorts are still cheap. The most beautiful places can be found in the northern Costa Verde, and seclusion can be found on the beaches of southern Alentejo.

Transportation and accommodation in Portugal

It is convenient to travel around Portugal by train. SR trains, designated as Regional, stop at most stations. Intercidades trains run twice as fast and cost twice as much, which must be booked in advance. The fastest and most luxurious Rapidos ("Alfa") express trains run between Lisbon, Coimbra and Porto (sometimes only 1st class seats are offered there). CP sells its own train cards (valid on all trains and 1st class), but they are worth buying only if you intend to travel a lot. Inter Rail and Eurail cards are valid in the country, although surcharges may apply when traveling on Intercidades and Rapidos trains.

Railway timetables are available on the Internet. Buses run to more localities and often run faster. On the main routes (especially Lisbon-Algarve), express buses do not always adhere to the standard timetable and do not stop everywhere. Cycling is popular in Portugal, but the facilities are scarce and cyclists are rarely missed by motorists. Bicycles can be transported on Regional and Interregional trains subject to availability for a fee of € 3 (free if the bike is disassembled).

Accommodation in Portugal

Excellent housing can be found in almost all localities. A single room costs up to 25 euros per day, a double room - up to 50 euros. Pensoes are even cheaper. A room in a three-star guesthouse (pensao) usually costs the same as in a budget hotel. The seaside resorts widely offer rooms (quartos and dormidas) in private houses. Often a list of such offers can be obtained from the travel agency.

The most expensive hotel is the state-owned pousadas, which are reminiscent of the Spanish paradores. As a rule, these are reconstructed old monasteries or castles (which are worth a visit, even if you do not intend to stay there) for the price of at least a four-star hotel. There are over 40 hostels (Pousadas de Juventude) in the country, mostly operating all year round (usually locked at midnight), where valid HI cards are required to stay.

A bed costs 5-15 euros depending on the season and location, double rooms cost 12-45 euros. There are about 200 campsites in Portugal, mostly small, cheap and located in attractive locations. They are all surprisingly inexpensive (rarely more than € 5 per person). A complete guide with a map can be obtained from any travel agency. It is forbidden to set up tents on your own, especially strict rules apply in beach areas.

Food and Drink in Portugal

Portuguese cuisine is excellent, cheap and plentiful. In almost any cafe you will eat no more than 8 euros, restaurants are not much more expensive. Classic snacks include toast with cheese and ham (tosta mistas), sandwiches with beef or pork (prego), steak with eggs and fried potatoes (bitoque), fried meat cakes (rissois de carne), cod in batter (pasteis de bacalhau) , sandwiches (sandes). Portions in restaurants can be huge - however, you can usually order a half portion (meia dose) or one dish for two (uma dose). All this is stipulated in the menu and is widely practiced.

Most restaurants have set menus (ementa turistiсаa) at a reasonable price - especially in guesthouses and cheap cafes for workers. It is always worth ordering an ordinary dish (prato do dia), and trying fish and seafood on the coast. Typical dishes include clam soup (sopa de marisco), herb broth (caldo verde) and dried cod, which is prepared in a thousand different ways (bacalhau). Caldeirada is a fish stew with onions and tomatoes. Aggoz marisco - the same thing, only with rice.

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