Types of tourism space tourism

What are the tours to Cosmos

The velvet black dome of the night sky, like a theater curtain, separates ordinary life from miracles. Here - the whirlwind of earthly affairs, noise, speed, ticking of a clock and a world of sensations. There - Nothing and Everything, absolute emptiness and seething substratum in which galaxies are born, the absence of time, smells and sounds. And there is nothing surprising in the fact that humanity is ready to give a lot of money in order to literally break away from the Earth. After all, a trip to outer space offers well, just diametrically opposite impressions to those to which we are accustomed in the physical world. But, despite the vastness of the cosmos, there are not many options for joining the infinite. First of all, due to the fact that there is only one way to overcome gravity with the modern development of scientific thought - by accelerating well and maintaining speed for a long enough time to break free from the strong embrace of the Earth. Secondly, again, by the grace of experts from science, in space, as they say, you don't really roam: if you please be on board an orbital station (in more than cramped conditions - really, you really won't find such on Earth!) Or even - 5 -6 minutes in zero gravity and welcome "home". Be that as it may, the new tourism industry promises to be promising: since 2001, 8 commercial launches to the International Space Station have been carried out, and the number of suborbital flights registered for announced but not yet implemented suborbital flights has exceeded 600. But first things first. So, what are the tours to Space.

Option - Expedition to the ISS

The first and so far the only valid version of tours to Space. In fact, a tourist becomes an astronaut - the requirements for health, passing tests, training and rules of behavior one-to-one coincide with what the astronauts working in orbit go through. The only difference is that the tourist pays for the trip out of his own pocket and has the right to mess around on the ISS. This is how all seven space tourists carried out their "star" flights - the first, Dennis Tito, went into space in 2001, the last (or, in the language of superstitious sky conquerors, extreme) - Guy Laliberté - in 2009.

There were eight tourist launches into space, but there were seven tourists. It's just that one of them - the modest billionaire Charles Simonyi - flew twice, in 2007 and 2009. And you say it's expensive!

In short, the journey is as follows. To begin with, the space tourist undergoes a thorough examination of the state of health, according to the results of which the doctors issue a conclusion that there are no obvious contraindications to space flight. This is followed by organizational issues - determining the launch date (coinciding with the date of the change of the Russian ISS crew), insurance, signing the contract, paying for the tour and other paper-money procedures. Finally, the first day of the "space odyssey of the twentieth year" - the tourist arrives in the Star City, where for the next 6-9 months he will be at the disposal of doctors. Here, the future conqueror of space is spun on centrifuges and subjected to six-fold overloads, taught to handle a spacesuit (and make an individual one according to a full plaster cast of the body) and generally with weightlessness, as a phenomenon, and also instruct on the smallest nuances of behavior on the ISS.

And now the day comes when the chick is ready to fall out of the nest and stand on the wing. The space tourist spends the last few days before the launch at Baikonur to put on a spacesuit one fine morning, squeeze into the Soyuz spacecraft in the company of two more professional cosmonauts and depart at a speed of 7.9 km/sec to the higher worlds. By the way, under the terms of the program, a tourist has the right to take any cargo necessary for him to fulfill his personal program - scientific or entertainment - who decides how. Approximately six hours later, there will be a knock on the Soyuz door from outside - and most likely it will be the ISS team, joyfully greeting guests from Earth. The space tourist will spend at least 6 days in orbit, soaring like an angel of heaven, and then return to his home planet together with the previous crew of the station. The landing will take place in the descent module of the same Soyuz somewhere in the vastness of the Kazakh steppe. “Meeting at the airport by representatives of the host country”, of course, is included in the tour price, as well as post-flight rehabilitation.

EVA will be included in the list of additional services in the near future. This will double the cost of the tour.

Option - Suborbital flight

An unrealized version of space tours, a suborbital flight allows, as they say, to look behind the screen of space. The advantages over an expedition to the ISS are relatively low cost, less stringent health requirements, short travel time and a high frequency of launches - at least one per day. The disadvantage is, perhaps, only one - to experience fantastic sensations from space, alas, you can within only a few minutes.

Suborbital flight is actually a trip on a special aircraft - a spaceship, a hybrid of an airplane with a spacecraft. With the first it is related by the appearance, with the second - by the filling, namely, rocket engines capable of providing sufficient thrust to bring the ship into the lower part of the earth's orbit. Formally, space begins 100 km from the surface of the Earth - it is to this height that the spacecraft delivers tourists. The force of gravity here is extremely small, but this is not yet an orbit in which it would be possible to gain a foothold - for this, the spacecraft does not have enough thrust (especially since the engines are turned off at about 80 km and the entire subsequent flight takes place in silence). Gravity of the Earth gradually takes its toll - and the ship with tourists on board begins to inexorably strive for the planet. The "struggle" between engineering thought and the laws of gravity lasts about 6-7 minutes, during which space tourists can experience all the joys of being in the stellar heights: weightlessness, views of crazy beauty and, literally, unearthly silence.

One hundred kilometers is enough height to make sure that the Earth does not lie on the backs of elephants standing on a giant tortoise - from here you can clearly see the roundness of the earth's surface against the background of the blackness of outer space.

What are the tours to Cosmos

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The whole truth about space tourism

Today one of the most actively developing industries of tourism is space tourism. Flights to Earth's orbit, in the future spacewalks and even flights to the Moon and other planets are already a very likely prospect.

Russia is the main "supplier" of tourism services for space flights. Today, work is underway to modernize the Soyuz spacecraft for future flights around the Moon. They also propose to convert the International Space Station into a hotel for tourists, because, according to Vladimir Solntsev, General Director of the Energia Rocket and Space Corporation, the ISS today operates only at 30-35%. It is assumed that RSC Energia will be ready to launch tourists to the moon by 2021-2022.

Today RSC Energia is recruiting tourists for the first flight to the moon. The desire was expressed by the famous director James Cameron. The spacecraft can take on board 8 tourists, each ticket will cost 120 million dollars.

Space tours - are they real? How to fly into space? Necessary requirements and conditions for space tourists.

In the coming years, Virgin Galactic, founded by British billionaire Richard Branson, wants to make tourist space travel an affordable entertainment. Anyone with several hundred thousand dollars with him will be able to board the VSS Unity spacecraft and look at our planet from a height of 100 kilometers, as well as experience zero gravity. At the end of the approximately two-hour journey, participants in the flight will receive photos of their best moments. The first tourist flight was planned for mid-2020, but this has not happened yet. But, as part of an online event, Virgin Galactic showed the public the interior of the VSS Unity spacecraft. In short, everything looks futuristic and the designers tried to do “everything for people”. Representatives of the company assure that they have thought through everything to the smallest detail, down to the recesses in the backs of the chairs for people with hair gathered in a ponytail.

The interior of the Virgin Galactic cruise ship looks futuristic

Space tourism on VSS Unity

The VSS Unity spacecraft was introduced in 2016 - the name "Unity" was coined by the famous theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking. Since then, the device has gone through many tests, one of which was carried out relatively recently, in early May 2020. Then he climbed to an altitude of 15.2 kilometers using the carrier aircraft VMS Eve, separated from him and successfully landed at the spaceport of the American state of New Mexico. Probably, this is how tourist flights will take place: the ship will rise to a great height using a carrier aircraft, fly around the planet for about two hours and land.

The VMS Eve carrier aircraft is named after Richard Branson's mother, Eva Branson

No more than six people can go on one flight, not counting two pilots. The flight participants will be not only the rich, eager for new experiences, but also scientists - the company will accept orders for flights, within which scientific research will be carried out. In June 2020, it became known that some tourists will even be able to take a tour of the International Space Station. The cost of space travel was previously estimated at 250 thousand dollars, which at the current exchange rate is more than 18 million rubles. Very expensive entertainment, but 600 people have already paid a deposit of $ 1000 for the flight. First of all, Richard Branson himself will fly into space, but when this will happen is unknown.

Inside Spaceship

How the interior of the USS Unity spacecraft looks like was shown in the online broadcast. Some journalists were able to enjoy the views using Oculus Quest virtual reality helmets, while everyone else was able to stream on YouTube.

Everything interesting starts at 10 minutes

As mentioned, in addition to the pilots, the spacecraft can accommodate six passengers. For them, six seats made of lightweight carbon fiber and aluminum are installed in the cabin. Before the flight, each of them can be removed and adjusted to the individual preferences of passengers. For example, on the back, you can make a groove for hair gathered in a ponytail.

Space tourism - private funded flights into space or low-earth orbit for recreational or research purposes.

Contents

The first space tourists [edit]

The idea of ​​space tourism was first reflected in a series of papers by Barron Hilton and Kraft Eric, published in 1967. They first tried to push the idea of ​​commercializing space. At the time, it was unsuccessful.

Space tourism began to develop rapidly at the end of the 20th century. In 1986, at the International Astronautical Congress, a report was presented on the topic "Potential Economic Implications of the Development of Space Tourism", which caused a lot of discussion not only in scientific but also in business circles.

The first tourist was supposed to be the American teacher Christy McAuliffe, who died in the 1986 Challenger shuttle launch. Following this incident, the US government passed a law that prohibited non-professionals from flying into space.

In 1990 and 1991, the first commercial cosmonauts Toyohiro Akiyama (Japan) and Helen Sharman (Great Britain) flew into space, who flew to the Soviet orbital station "Mir" on spacecraft Soyuz TM-11/Soyuz TM -10 and Soyuz TM-12/Soyuz TM-11 for privately funded non-state projects of the TV company TBS and Juneau (a consortium of British companies).

Flights to the ISS [edit]

Currently, the only one used for space tourism is the International Space Station (ISS). The flights are carried out by Russian Soyuz spacecraft to the ISS Russian Segment.

Roskosmos and Space Adventures are organizing tourist flights. Space Adventures has been cooperating with Roscosmos since 2001. In total, with the help of this company, seven tourists have already visited space (data at the end of 2012), and one of them (Charles Simonyi) twice.

Space tourism - private funded flights into space or low-earth orbit for recreational or research purposes.

Contents

The first space tourists [edit]

The idea of ​​space tourism was first reflected in a series of papers by Barron Hilton and Kraft Eric, published in 1967. They first tried to push the idea of ​​commercializing space. At the time, it was unsuccessful.

Space tourism began to develop rapidly at the end of the 20th century. In 1986, at the International Astronautical Congress, a report was presented on the topic "Potential Economic Implications of the Development of Space Tourism", which caused a lot of discussion not only in scientific but also in business circles.

The first tourist was supposed to be the American teacher Christy McAuliffe, who died in the 1986 Challenger shuttle launch. Following this incident, the US government passed a law that prohibited non-professionals from flying into space.

In 1990 and 1991, the first commercial cosmonauts Toyohiro Akiyama (Japan) and Helen Sharman (Great Britain) flew into space, who flew to the Soviet orbital station "Mir" on spacecraft Soyuz TM-11/Soyuz TM -10 and Soyuz TM-12/Soyuz TM-11 for privately funded non-state projects of the TV company TBS and Juneau (a consortium of British companies).

Flights to the ISS [edit]

Currently, the only one used for space tourism is the International Space Station (ISS). The flights are carried out by Russian Soyuz spacecraft to the ISS Russian Segment.

Roskosmos and Space Adventures are organizing tourist flights. Space Adventures has been cooperating with Roscosmos since 2001. In total, with the help of this company, seven tourists have already visited space (data at the end of 2012), and one of them (Charles Simonyi) twice.

Space tourists are trained in Star City, the city of Shchelkovo near Moscow, as well as in small airplanes that create weightlessness.

Although the cost of an orbital tour is $ 20-23 million, the number of people wishing to see space is growing steadily. Since July 2007, the cost of the space tour has increased from $ 20 million to $ 30-40 million. In addition, the price of a new service - a space tourist in outer space - was announced - $ 15 million.

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