What is happening in the Russian space industry and how can the coronavirus affect the execution of the Federal program? What "aliens", besides the Wuhan, hinder us on the thorny path to the stars?
The April branch and national holiday named after Yuri Gagarin this year, it seems, will be held in vain. And it's not just about banning mass events due to the pandemic. The extensive program outlined by Roscosmos for this year, as well as that of their Western counterparts, turned out to be questionable.
A good pre-holiday gift, however, was the regular launch from Baikonur on April 9 of the Soyuz MS-16 spacecraft on a Soyuz-2. a rocket of a completely domestic assembly. The new Russian-American crew, six hours later on the same day, successfully passed through the docking lock to the ISS. But this, as the famous cartoon character said, "will not be enough!"
The global situation with the coronavirus, of course, could not but affect Roscosmos - its enterprises and events. The postponement of the solemn celebration of Cosmonautics Day, which traditionally takes place in the State Kremlin Palace, and the cancellation of the arrival of journalists to launch the Soyuz MS-16 at Baikonur are, of course, just the tip of the iceberg. As for the planned launches and tests - both Russian and joint - anyone understands that there will be some significant delays.
And the Federal Space Agency has a lot of plans for this year. For example, the start of flight tests of the first Russian reusable ultra-light cruise carrier rocket is scheduled for the summer. It should be dropped from aircraft suspensions at a high altitude, after which the rocket on its own engine should return to the airfield (the first full-fledged flight with a satellite was scheduled for 2023). The cancellation has not yet been officially announced, but experts have great doubts that the tests will not be postponed.
Also this year should start flight (after the past "throw") tests of the new heavy intercontinental ballistic missile "Sarmat", designed to replace the ICBM "Voyevoda" (NATO classification - "Satan"). Let's hope that everything here goes as planned, and that the Strategic Missile Forces does not take any virus.
The same cannot be said about civilian astronautics. The launch of the second part of the Russian-European ExoMars mission, scheduled for this summer, within the framework of which the Russian Kazachok landing platform with the European rover Rosalind Franklin was supposed to go to Mars on the Proton-M rocket, was postponed to 2022 due to problems with the pandemic ... Dmitry Rogozin announced this in early March at a joint conference of Roscosmos and ESA. The Cossack is not sent.
But it's kind of more European "brakes". At least, this can be easily pushed aside with a certain amount of annoyance. Well, how are you doing with purely Russian projects? For example, the second Angara-A5 heavy-class launch vehicle was to be brought to Plesetsk in April and launched in the second or third quarter of this year. Now it will be delivered to the cosmodrome in the summer or autumn only at best, as follows from the materials on the public procurement website. But six years have passed since the first start! This despite the fact that this very rocket has long been waiting for the Russian Defense Ministry to launch its satellites.
Crew of the Soyuz MS-16 spacecraft: NASA astronaut Christopher Cassidy, Roscosmos cosmonauts Anatoly Ivanishin (spacecraft commander) and Ivan Wagner (left to right). Photo: Roscosmos/Globallookpress
Let's move on. In November 2020, Roscosmos promised Proton-M to send the Nauka multipurpose laboratory module (MLM) to the ISS. However, already in December last year - even before any coronaviruses - Rogozin suggested that the launch could shift to early 2021. Well, the pandemic, obviously, will add a year or two to this.
Speaking about the Tula region and its contribution to the development of domestic cosmonautics, it is customary first of all to recall the microphone made at the Tula plant, into which Gagarin said his famous "Let's go!"
And also - cosmonauts Yevgeny Khrunov, Valery Polyakov and Sergey Zalyotin, who began their life in Volovo, Tula and Shchekin, respectively. And to remember nostalgically - we, de "had a wonderful era."
Nevertheless, even today our region is involved in space: at one of the Tula enterprises, for example, technologies have been developed that greatly facilitate the transportation of goods to ships and stations. The other produces rubber products that are indispensable in the manufacture of space suits. In turn, Vitaly Egorov, a native of Belyov, a popularizer of cosmonautics, an enthusiast of space research and author of the popular blog zeleniykot, provides "information support" to flights and research on a national and foreign scale.
Dmitry Borisov, "AiF in Tula": You recently performed at the "Wild Mint" - a festival firmly established in the Tula region. Did the organizers decide to expand the format?
Vitaly Egorov: Yes, there was a lecture platform where various speakers worked. My lecture was called "Incredible Space". This is a selection of interesting facts, set out in the spirit of the "Obvious-Incredible" program. For an audience familiar with my magazine, some of them may already be known, but many new ones have been added to them, which have not been heard anywhere before. We try not to repeat ourselves.
- What are the facts and what is their disbelief?
- There are many of them. For example, how many people know that on Venus there is such an atmospheric phenomenon as metal snow or frost? Volcanic emissions, which contain, among other things, gaseous metals, rise to the upper atmosphere, where it is colder, and they crystallize. Then fall in the form of precipitation - lead snow on the tops of the mountains.
Or, for example, an explanation of the reason for the state of weightlessness on the ISS (orbiting space station, an international project in which 14 countries participate, including Russia, the USA, Japan and Canada. -Ed.). One of the common misconceptions is to associate weightlessness with the allegedly disappeared gravitational attraction. In fact, the acceleration of gravity at the station is only 10% less than on the surface of the Earth. And the state of weightlessness arises not due to the absence of gravity, but due to the fact that the ISS moves in a circular orbit with the first cosmic speed. The crew members, thus, are in a state of constant "falling". Moreover, they "fall" at a speed of almost eight kilometers per second.
- The lecture format, as well as various kinds of seminars and meetings dedicated to scientific and pseudo-scientific topics, are terribly popular today, like self-education in general. However, in addition to all well-known Internet sites, "in real life" only, probably, Moscow, St. Petersburg, Yekaterinburg and Perm can boast of such events put on stream. In our region, the Yasnaya Polyana Estate Museum in this sense has set a very high standard, but for all the breadth of coverage, the speakers on this site are mostly of a humanitarian nature (although there were exceptions). Tula is not ready for science pop?
- Done. I do not agree with the fact that only in the cities named above, much is said and shown on scientific and pseudo-scientific topics. In Saratov, for example, a group of enthusiasts opened a platform for speeches and discussions. I can give similar examples in Kazan and Vladimir. There are people everywhere who are interested in doing this. Like-minded people unite, together they form the environment and create those spaces in which such events would be possible. Therefore, if someone does this in Tula, I am sure that sooner or later he will succeed.
The historical concept, ironically called "Russia is the homeland of elephants", suggests that in most of the great discoveries made by mankind, there is a "Russian trace".
And for every Italian inventor of radio Marconi in Russia there will be Popov, and for the magician of electricity Thomas Edison - a similar Russian magician Alexander Lodygin.
And the Wright brothers, the inventors of the world's first airplane, Russia also has someone to oppose. The honor of the Fatherland in this nomination is defended by the Russian inventor Alexander Fedorovich Mozhaisky.
Alexander Mozhaisky was born on March 21, 1825 in the family of a hereditary sailor, admiral of the fleet Fyodor Timofeevich Mozhaisky. Not only the father of little Sasha was associated with the fleet, but also all the men around him. That is why the choice of a career seemed a matter of course - for training, Alexander entered the Naval Cadet Corps, which he graduated with honors in 1841.
Then there was a rich, interesting service in the Navy, in the Baltic and the White Sea. In 1853, as a senior officer of the frigate Diana, Mozhaisky took part in a long campaign along the route Kronstadt - Far East.
In 1855, off the coast of Japan, "Diana" was shipwrecked by a tsunami that was the result of a powerful earthquake.
The surviving crew who ended up in Japan had to ask the local authorities to allow them to purchase material and hire carpenters to build a small schooner to return to their homeland.
The schooner project was created by Alexander Mozhaisky. Having successfully built the ship, the Russian sailors were able to return to their homeland.
An experienced naval officer by that time was attracted by another element - the sky. He was interested in the experiments of balloonists from other countries, during his stay in Japan he watched the flights of huge kites that were launched by local residents, and in his head the first ideas for the project of his own aircraft were born.
However, for the time being, Mozhaisky's ideas did not receive real implementation due to his employment in the service.
In 1858, Mozhaisky took part in the Khiva expedition, organizing its movement on water on ships specially built for this purpose. He compiled the first description of the water basin of the Aral Sea and the Amu Darya River. Upon his return from the expedition, Mozhaisky was appointed senior officer of the 84-gun ship "Eagle".
COSMOFEST AT THE MUSEUM OF COSMONAUTICS to commemorate the 60th anniversary of the Great October Space Revolution.
Something happened 60 years ago that never happened before. The rocket built by the hands of people, having overcome the gravity of the earth, rushed into space, and then people heard the PIKI coming from orbit. "Pee-pee-pee ..." - an unprecedented song sounded from orbit. render completely. People clung to radios, who had radio stations, listened to the sky, young men called girls to the street to look for a moving star in the night sky, and they found ... (By the way, after such "satellite" nights, families were created and even children were born). The popes urgently taught the constellations so as not to lose their authority in the family. And even in the distant Namib desert, the Bushmen carved a new petroglyph on the stones.
October 8, Sunday, the 60th anniversary of the beginning of the space age will be celebrated in the Museum of Cosmonautics by the following remarkable teams: "Neboslov", "Cape of the Moon", "Aeroglyph", "Eternal Wanderers", "Scuba", " Port of July ”,“ Oxo and Invisibles ”,“ WindShip ”. In addition, a number of poets will take part in the celebration with their poems about space: Svetlana Chernova, Anastasia Lukomskaya, Olga Komissarova, Kristina Usova, etc.
LET'S SEND THIS TOGETHER.
COSMOFEST starts at 14. 0. End at 19. 0. Entrance with a museum ticket. For ordinary visitors - 250 rubles. For students - 100 rubles. For schoolchildren - free.
Space unites: new opportunities for the development of scientific and educational tourism!
A seminar with this name will be held in Moscow on September 20 as part of the International Tourism Exhibition "Rest". The event will take place at the Exrocentre Fairgrounds. It will discuss the project "Russia - the homeland of cosmonautics", new tourist routes around science cities and other issues of space tourism. The list of participants includes representatives of the state corporation "Roscosmos", the Department of Sports and Tourism of the city of Moscow, heads of travel agencies, universities and public organizations. Read more here . ourismexpo. u/leisure/prog/space-combine ..
Moscow is the space capital!
Moscow is the cosmic capital of the world! This is the opinion of the authors of the project "Moscow Space" . om/ru/After all, it is here, in one city, that several world-famous tourist objects of space theme and museums, rich in unique artifacts, are concentrated. The "space" tour of the capital includes such objects as the Memorial Museum of Cosmonautics, the Moscow Planetarium, the State Geological Museum named after V.I. Vernadsky and Star City - Cosmonaut Training Center. YU. . Gagarin. In the Museum of Geology of the Russian Academy of Sciences you will find a unique collection of meteorites. Among them is the fused stone - part of the famous Chelyabinsk meteorite. There is a belief that if you touch a meteorite and make a wish, it will certainly come true. The Cosmonautics Museum is a unique collection of spacecraft and technology. The Great Moscow Planetarium is the largest planetarium in Europe. Do you know how many planetariums are there in Moscow?
The Space Tourism Group has opened on Facebook! Join us! All about interesting tourist places of the Earth connected with Space!
Premiere of the feature film "Salyut-7"
The premiere of the film Salyut-7 took place at the Shorter Film Festival in Kaliningrad. This is a full-length Russian film dedicated to an important page in the history of Russian cosmonautics. The plot is based on the real history of the Salyut-7 station and the cosmonaut crew. In 1985, due to malfunctions, the station risked falling to Earth, and anywhere in the world, destroying any object or city. The situation was complicated by the Cold War relations between Russia and America. The life of cosmonauts Vladimir Dzhanibekov and Viktor Savinykh could become a hostage of big politics. In difficult circumstances, the heroes were able to repair the frozen space station. The film will be released in October 2017.
About meteorites and the Museum of Perm Antiquities
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