When most countries in the world closed their borders in connection with the coronavirus pandemic, the question arose about alternative tourism. And if it is still difficult to travel around our planet, maybe it is worth exploring outer space?
One traveler or company is flying into low-earth orbit, open space or the ISS. In some ways, this type of tourism is similar to the terrestrial one, only the traveler should have not only a lot of money, but also excellent health and free six months, which will be spent on preparing for the main journey in life. Space tourism will give an unforgettable experience: having overcome gravity, a person will be able to soar in outer space not only in a shuttle, but also without it. Altitude, When most countries in the world have closed their borders due to the coronavirus pandemic, the question of alternative tourism arose. And if it is still difficult to travel around our planet, maybe it is worth exploring outer space - to which the traveler will climb - 100 kilometers (or more) up.
By the way, this trip is always accompanied by a share of risk: a person can get the final permission from the commission for the flight ... directly on the day of departure after a control medical examination. Six months of preparation and money spent on the adventure are non-refundable.
A person who studies the issue of space tourism has questions: where to live? Is there an all-inclusive system? What is there?
For the tourist, these issues were decided by the International Space Association, which owns the only possible option for placement in open space. Travelers are accommodated in the Zvezda module, where there is a dining room, cozy cabins, a fitness room, restrooms and a power plant. The tourist will be offered to "go on a visit" to the Italian module, where there is an observation deck overlooking open space.
Food is a special topic. All meals are thought out in advance and are dehydrated on Earth, otherwise, given the highest level of radiation, the types of food we are used to in a matter of minutes can become poison. By the way, in space, you can eat food not only from tubes, but also canned food, pressed dishes.
Cost is the saddest thing in this situation. Today, it takes a man $ 15 million to go into space. A few days on the ISS will require an investment of about $ 50-80 million. There is a cheaper option: travel on a supersonic rocket will cost an extreme person only 1 million dollars, and a flight into outer space - 250 thousand dollars.
Are you ready to spend your vacation orbiting the Earth? So far, the most correct answer to this question is: is it already possible?
Almost a year ago, in April 2018, at the Space 2. Conference in San Jose, California, it was announced: Aurora Station will be the world's first hotel in orbit.
Guests of the Aurora will live in a room the size of a large business jet and will be able to enjoy stunning views of the Earth and such colorful atmospheric phenomena as the northern lights for 12 days.
If you know a thing or two about how things happen on the ISS, with real astronauts, don't worry, you don't have to drink water from your own recycled urine.
Aurora Station is planned as a lightweight, luxury version of life on the International Space Station, so to speak, ISS-light.
And yet it will take place in real space, in orbit, 200 miles above our planet. Not to mention the fact that it will be very expensive.
The time spent in space aboard the Aurora Station (launch into orbit is planned in 2022) will cost tourists a pretty penny - the cheapest tickets cost $ 9.5 million per person.
But, according to the company Orion Span, which is behind this business, there is no end to those who wish - everything has already been booked almost seven months in advance.
"In part, we would like to introduce people to the experience of the space life of professional astronauts," says Frank Bunger, founder and CEO of Orion Span.
"However, as we expect, most of the guests will not be taken away from the windows ... Well, if someone gets bored, we have prepared a virtual reality program. In it you can do whatever you want - swim in airless space, walk on the surface of the moon, play golf. "/ P>
So the hardships of life on a real orbital station will hardly affect space tourists. Aurora Station, whose crowdfunding campaign ended in early February, offers a lighter option for staying in orbit, not comparable to the ascetic conditions of the ISS.
A stratostat is a technological structure that lifts a balloon filled with helium into the air. The record for the height to which such a balloon can rise is 53 km.
Our stratospheric balloon can hold up to 2 kg of payload and will rise to an altitude of 40 km. We carry out launches with the permission of the State Aviation Service of Ukraine on the territory of Ukraine.
The Cosmos Agency team represents Ukraine at the annual Global Balloon Challenge stratospheric balloon launch event. This year we intend to declare ourselves as a team that can carry out a launch worthy of the first place and consolidate Ukraine's status as an advanced country in the field of stratospheric launches.
If you want to join or support our team - write, we will be happy!
The current version of the device is a small box covered with a special material reflecting radar signals, into which we have placed an on-board computer, a radio beacon and other measuring equipment. It attaches to a parachute and a helium balloon.
Stratospheric balloons are mainly used to measure atmospheric pressure and temperature - in this way they predict the weather, investigate the elements and conduct scientific experiments.
The National Space Agency of Ukraine has expressed interest in using the air pollution meter in one of the next launches.
We plan to launch balloons regularly enough to generate research interest in this topic and, in the future, interest from a wider audience.
A science fiction fan's dream has come true - distant planets are now open to tourists. True, excursions in the next hundred years will be virtual: people already know how to find "Earth twins" hundreds of light years away from our home, but still do not know how to fly there. "360" tells about the worlds with double suns and crimson skies, on the beaches of which our descendants may rest.
Photo source: Wikipedia/IAU/L. Calçada
Space tourism can rightfully be called the most elite type of recreation. For example, a room in the first hotel in Earth orbit will cost no less than $ 9 million.
The price includes 12 days' accommodation and three months of intensive preparation for the flight, but still only a few can afford it. However, already now it is possible to walk completely free of charge on alien landscapes, and not even on the Moon or Mars, but on the most remote and exotic of the known worlds. Space agency NASA announced the opening of a galactic travel agency and began conducting excursions to digital copies of distant planets.
“Relax to the fullest in Kepler-16b, the land of two suns. Even your shadow always has a partner there, ”“ Fly to a planet without a star - nightlife never ends there, ”call the retro posters of the NASA Space Travel Bureau. Naturally, no travel agency exists, and the new resorts, although created with great detail, are still a figment of the artist's imagination. You can visit them directly on the Internet - an interactive web resource makes it possible to view several planets using a 360-degree virtual panorama.
The planet Trappist-1b looks rather gloomy - it is a desert strewn with stones and rocks, lying under a harsh sky of a shade of thick blood, in which a strange sun is burning with an unblinking eye. It is an ultracold dwarf star, but if astronauts ever land on the planet's surface in its orbit, they will have to freeze - the temperature on the Trappist-1b surface, according to scientists, can reach 127 degrees.
The beauty of virtual travel is that it does not require any precautions: wearing a spacesuit, being afraid of radiation and extreme temperatures. For those who are bored in the gloomy expanses of the crimson planet, just click and find yourself on the sunny Kepler-16b, here you will have several shadows at once - the planet is illuminated by two suns at once. You can also visit Kepler-186f, but it is even darker than Trappist due to the influence of a local red dwarf star.
For a change, you can add the atmosphere and reservoirs to the planets you visit - this is also just a designer's fantasy, water on other planets has so far been found only in the solar system, and then only in theory. Fans of curiosities will be interested in waiting for new tours - so far only three options out of six presented on the site are available. Among them, the most interesting is the planet with the furious name PSO J318. -22. This is a unique object in the constellation Capricorn, which has all the signs of a young planet, but does not revolve around a star, but floats freely in space.
Where did these exotic species come from? No starship has ever left the solar system, let alone come close enough to take photographs, but data from the Kepler and Hubble space telescopes have helped make a breakthrough in the study of the planetary systems of our galaxy. This information was used to visualize the surface of the "Earth twins" discovered in recent years, as well as to popularize the new NASA mission.
The TESS Space Telescope, nicknamed the "Planet Hunter", was launched in April to discover new, preferably habitable, planets. In the coming months, its four cameras should continuously capture stellar space. The first image has already been sent to Earth and published - over 200 thousand stars are visible on it at once. Frames like this will then be subjected to careful analysis in order to collect data bit by bit, which will allow the discovery of previously unknown exoplanets.
Mars is a planet of contrasts. Here, huge volcanoes give way to deep canyons, plains to sand dunes, and deep craters of the planet can still contain water in one form or another. At least that's what scientists think. As soon as the first Martian colony is more or less settled on the Red Planet, Mars promises to reveal its potential as one of the most interesting places for space tourism within the solar system.
Would you like to take a selfie on Mars?
Today we will talk about the eight most "iconic" places on Mars, which may become the main interest for space tourists of the future.
The highest volcano in the solar system in terms of both absolute and relative altitude. The area of the volcano located in the province of Farsis (the equator of the planet) is almost equal to the area of the American state of Arizona (more than 256 thousand square kilometers according to NASA data). Its height is 26 kilometers, which makes it almost three times higher than the highest mountain on Earth - Everest, whose height above sea level is about 8.8 kilometers.
Olympus is a shield volcano. It was formed as a result of lava masses slowly erupting from the bowels of the planet, which formed its slopes. For future colonists, the object is a rather attractive goal for climbing, since its slope does not exceed 5%. At the top of the volcano there is a huge depression (caldera) about 85 kilometers wide and up to 3 kilometers deep.
While climbing Olympus it would be nice to look around and contemplate some of the other volcanoes in the province of Tarsis. Here, on an area of about 30 million square kilometers, there are a total of 12 giant volcanoes. Like Olympus, these volcanoes are in all respects much taller than volcanoes on Earth - all thanks to the reduced gravity that allows them to grow upward. According to scientists, the last time these volcanoes erupted was about 2 billion years ago, which is about half of the entire history of Mars in time.
Subscribe to our channel in Yandex Zen. There you can find a lot of interesting things that are not even on our website.
The photo above shows the eastern part of the Farsis province, photographed by the Viking 1 spacecraft in 1980. On the left side of the image, from top to bottom, you can see three shield volcanoes: Mount Askriyskaya (height 18 kilometers), Mount Peacock (height 14 kilometers) and Mount Arsia (height 19 kilometers). In the upper right part of the image there is another shield volcano Kupol Farsis (height over 9 kilometers).
Mars has not only the largest volcanoes in the solar system, but also the largest canyons. According to NASA, the Mariner Valley stretches over 4,000 kilometers across the surface of Mars, mostly from east to west just below the equator. This is about four times the length of the Grand Canyon in the United States, which is about 800 kilometers long.
Scientists are not entirely sure how the Mariner Valley came about, but there are several hypotheses on this score. So, according to the most popular of them, the valleys could have appeared after the formation of the Tarsis volcanic region. Over time, when the planet began to cool down, the solidified lava began to split into pieces and, over time, formed the shape of the valleys.