Sokolova M

Sokolova M

Ancient Travel Chapter

Prerequisites for the emergence and development of travel

The need for travel 1 and travel 2 arose from our ancestors in ancient times. Moreover, the term "travel" can be interpreted literally, since "acquaintance" with new territories was vital.

The movements (migrations) of primitive collectives, or ethnosocial organisms (ESS), could be of the following character:

1. Intra-ethnic migrations, when movements took place within the territory occupied by the ESO. 2. Ethno-emigration, in which some groups of the ESS took part. They went beyond the habitat of their collective and then lost their structural connection with it. 3. Migration of the ESO itself. This was the most common type of migration in antiquity. He, in turn, could have a character:

- relocation of the ESO - moving it to a new territory; - resettlement of the ESO - the movement of one or several parts of the primitive collective to another territory without losing structural ties with the ESO; - segmentation of the ESS - in the form representing the same as the resettlement, but with the simultaneous creation of their own ESS of migrants. ESP segmentation can also be characterized as ethnic parcipation. Sometimes, as a result of ethnomigration separation, the ESS itself could collapse (disintegrate) [4].

The primitive collective, living in a well-defined territory, rarely violated its borders - this could entail clashes with other tribes, whose territory it invaded. The habitat of the ESO could not be small in size, since it was a “feeding landscape” for people - the level of “appropriating economy”.

All members of the collective took part in intra-ethnic migration to one degree or another. These were seasonal migrations of hunters, and later, when fishing appeared, the movement of fishermen for spawning fish in rivers or schools of fish in the seas. Intra-ethnic migration fully applies to gathering as well. In search of edible plants, worms, insects, various larvae, etc. people had to walk many kilometers on their territory almost every day.

Ethno-emigration could occur for several reasons. A group of hunters, fishermen or gatherers could have retired to a sufficiently large distance from their habitat and, for objective reasons, could not reunite with their collective. Objective reasons include the following factors:

- climatic - river floods, volcanic eruptions, avalanches, rockfalls, etc .; - biological - the pursuit of a group of people by predators or large animals dangerous for them: mammoths, woolly rhinos, etc.; - social - the pursuit of the hunters of the primitive collective for the group that invaded their territory.

There could hardly have been strong subjective reasons that forced primitive people to leave their collective. Life not only alone, but also in a small group was simply impossible during the Paleolithic 3 and Mesolithic 4. No wonder one of the most terrible forms of punishment was expulsion from the tribe. It was a condemnation to certain death, either from predators, or from hunger.

The migration of primitive people was widespread. Resettlements were needed. Climatic changes were, as a rule, very long-term: the onset of glaciers or interglacial periods were counted in tens and hundreds of thousands of years. They carried a gradual change in flora and fauna. But there could be transient cataclysms, such as earthquakes, which forced people to leave this territory. But the migration was influenced not least by anthropogenic factors.

Sokolova M

The first tourist flight into space took place 14 years ago. American businessman Dennis Tito made his dream come true and visited low-earth orbit. The entrepreneur paid $ 20 million for a week's trip, but Dennis never regretted the money spent.

Despite the fact that the idea of ​​the development of extraterrestrial tourism originated in the 80s of the last century, the first commercial flight into near-earth orbit was completed only in 2001. It would seem that Dennis Tito was able to open a new page in the era of astronautics and the appearance of more accessible and massive near-Earth tours is not far off. However, over 14 years, only 7 more tourists were able to visit space, each of whom paid from 20 to 35 million dollars.

42. UT. Y tried to figure out what could hinder the development of a new field in travel.

Flight cost

The first and most important reason is the cost of a near-earth walk. At the moment, not everyone is willing to pay $ 20 million for a weeklong space voyage. Such an astronomical price tag is associated with the enormous costs of transporting cargo into space. For example, for every kilogram of payload that needs to be delivered to orbit, NASA spends about $ 30,000.

The first option to reduce the cost of both tourist and regular flights can be offered by SpaceX. Engineers of this company are working on a system for the storage and reuse of spent stages of launch vehicles. Despite the fact that the first tests were unsuccessful for SpaceX, Elon Musk is not going to say goodbye to his idea of ​​reducing the cost of space launches.

A more interesting option for tourists is offered by British entrepreneur Richard Branson. His company Virgin Galactic is working on the SpaceShipTwo space shuttle.

Estimated cost of travel on SpaceShipTwo will be about 250 thousand dollars.

Unfortunately, as with SpaceX, Branson's project ran into problems during testing of the spacecraft. In October 2014, the SpaceShipTwo test shuttle crashed at the Wallace test site (USA). Due to the accident, Virgin Galactic had to re-schedule its ship's first commercial voyage.

Accommodation

If a space tourist is planning a more or less long stay in orbit, then he should think about where he will live.

Considered the main stages of the emergence and development of tourism. The analysis of the causes and preconditions of migration processes in the era of the primitive communal system, the emergence of the tourism industry in the Ancient East. The origin and genesis of tourist and excursion activities in Russia, the origin and formation of international tourism are described.

Pikaboo Newsletter: Submitting the Best Posts of the Week ?

Thank you! Remains to confirm Email - please check your email ?

In Austria, the travel agency refunded money for a ticket to the moon bought years ago

In September 1964, at the direction of his editor-in-chief, journalist Gerhart P. came to the Vienna Travel Bureau. He became the first person to book a flight to the moon. This story has spread all over the world. Now the 83-year-old pensioner has been refunded 50 euros for a trip that never took place, reports the Heute portal.

The Sales Assistant thought it was a joke at first, but since Gerhart P. made a contribution of 500 shillings, the booking was forwarded to international airlines. Aviators immediately jumped on the idea. Thus, Aeroflot recommended "a single room at the Crater Hotel for a stay on the Moon," PanAm reported: "We have booked a seat for the first person on the Moon."

The joke quickly turned into a lot of fun.

"Around the world, 93,000 people have followed my example and have also booked a trip to the moon.

- In 1969 I was even allowed to meet a real moon tourist Neil Armstrong. The only thing I never saw again was my down payment money. "/ P>

When Gerhart P.'s flight was canceled a few weeks ago due to the pandemic, and he had to wait for a refund for his tickets, they remembered an old story. The office of the Vienna Transport Authority organized a meeting of the former journalist with the seller of the ticket to the moon, Ilse S., who is now 77 years old. The pensioner received a € 50 travel voucher as reimbursement despite the statute of limitations. A spokeswoman asked what he would do with the money. In response, Gerhart asked:

A reality show with a flight to the ISS is being developed for the winner

The television production company Space Hero is developing an international reality show project, the main prize of which will be a flight to the ISS for ten days. The script for the show has not yet been disclosed, the company is in the second stage of financing the project.

Pikaboo Newsletter: Submitting the Best Posts of the Week ?

Thank you! Remains to confirm Email - please check your email ?

A community of fans to feel nostalgic about the old days of the IT industry. Posts about software, computers, phones, smartphones, magazines, etc. on the topic: "IT of the past" are welcome.

In Austria, the travel agency refunded money for a ticket to the moon bought years ago

In September 1964, at the direction of his editor-in-chief, journalist Gerhart P. came to the Vienna Travel Bureau. He became the first person to book a flight to the moon. This story has spread all over the world. Now the 83-year-old pensioner has been refunded 50 euros for a trip that never took place, reports the Heute portal.

The Sales Assistant thought it was a joke at first, but since Gerhart P. made a contribution of 500 shillings, the booking was forwarded to international airlines. Aviators immediately jumped on the idea. Thus, Aeroflot recommended "a single room at the Crater Hotel for a stay on the Moon," PanAm reported: "We have booked a seat for the first person on the Moon."

The joke quickly turned into a lot of fun.

"Around the world, 93,000 people have followed my example and have also booked a trip to the moon.

- In 1969 I was even allowed to meet a real moon tourist Neil Armstrong. The only thing I never saw again was my down payment money. "/ P>

When Gerhart P.'s flight was canceled a few weeks ago due to the pandemic, and he had to wait for a refund for his tickets, they remembered an old story. The office of the Vienna Transport Authority organized a meeting of the former journalist with the seller of the ticket to the moon, Ilse S., who is now 77 years old. The pensioner received a € 50 travel voucher as reimbursement despite the statute of limitations. A spokeswoman asked what he would do with the money. In response, Gerhart asked:

A reality show with a flight to the ISS is being developed for the winner

Popular posts
Pyatigorsk health-improving tourism

Pyatigorsk Pyatigorsk is the main resort of the Caucasian Mineral Waters. Not just a beautiful city - a city with a history stretching back centuries. At the same time, Pyatigorsk is young at heart and very handsome -

  • . 18 minutes
Institute of Service, Tourism and Design; branch of NCFU in g

Institute of Service, Tourism and Design - a branch of NCFU in Pyatigorsk North Caucasus Federal University - faculties, history, contacts, video from the official website.

  • . 24 minutes
We use cookies
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. By using the website you agree to our use of cookies.
Allow cookies