At the end of 2019, Dmitry Rogozin, the outspoken head of the Roscosmos space corporation, solemnly announced to the press in Moscow that his organization had just approved the project of Russia's first super-heavy rocket.
"Last week we adopted a preliminary design of a super-heavy launch vehicle," Rogozin told RIA Novosti. “My deputy Alexander Lopatin was appointed to supervise the work ...”
This announcement was the culmination of several years of work by Russian scientists trying to develop the most ambitious space project since the collapse of the Soviet Union. But what exactly is this Russian super-heavy rocket and does the infamous troubled space agency have the means to pull out something so huge?
According to Roskosmos's definition, a super-heavy rocket is capable of delivering at least 35 tons of cargo to Earth's orbit. But most other companies and agencies tend to describe a "super-heavy rocket" as a vessel capable of carrying at least 50 tons or more. In the past, rockets like the Apollo Saturn 5 could carry 140 tons into low-Earth orbit, which helped NASA achieve its bold lunar imagery in the late 1960s and early 1970s.
Five decades later, these super rockets came into vogue again as the only realistic means of launching ambitious human research projects (unless space elevators or photon engines make some huge engineering leaps).
NASA and private companies such as SpaceX and Blue Origin are already developing or launching ever larger rockets crossing the 35-ton super-heavy threshold. China is also gradually moving closer to a vehicle called the Long March 9, which will be able to carry closer to 100 tons.
With so many players aggressively pursuing their super-heavy rocket ambitions, Moscow is increasingly worried that its space program is lagging behind. Having conceded numerous space frontiers to the United States, Europe, China and India over the past two decades, the Kremlin needed to somehow show that it still remains a big player in this new global space race.
Two years ago, on January 28, 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed the long-awaited Decree No. 32 approving the development of a super-heavy space rocket.
Over the next two years, Russian engineers sifted through the many missile structures that could do the job. A popular proposal was to revive the Soviet-era Energia booster, originally intended for an abandoned Soviet shuttle, but it was nearly impossible to resurrect the old rocket as it is, as major changes would have to be made.
Energia uses a Zeppelin-shaped central body, which is actually a tandem of two tanks containing cryogenically cooled liquid oxygen and hydrogen fuel. The tanks power four super-powerful engines, providing most of the thrust during its nine-minute flight into orbit. On the sides of the main stage are four kerosene booster harnesses that aid during takeoff, but are then discarded for about two minutes in flight.
NASA has actually chosen a somewhat similar architecture for its SLS super-heavy rocket, except that the kerosene boosters have been replaced by a pair of solid rockets inherited from the Space Shuttle program. But the problem with "energy" three decades later is that its components were simply too large to transport to a country much smaller and less wealthy than the Soviet Union.
A huge number of people and enterprises are involved in the aerospace industry of the Russian Federation. All of them are important and they all provide an invaluable contribution to the development of this industry. But even among them, one can single out the five largest and most important enterprises that coordinate the work of the rest. So let's go!
RSC Energia is a developer of Soyuz manned spacecraft and Progress unmanned cargo spacecraft. These spacecraft, among other applications, support the operation of the International Space Station (ISS) and conduct experiments by its crews, including changing crews and providing the ISS with material resources. In 2011, the enterprise became the only manufacturer of manned spacecraft in the world to fly astronauts to the ISS (up to 5 samples per year by 2013).
An enterprise of the rocket and space industry, carrying out work on the design, manufacture, testing and integrated development of key automatic spacecraft for fundamental scientific research. The company is currently implementing the ExoMars project.
The world's leading company in the development of powerful liquid-propellant rocket engines for space launch vehicles. NPO Energomash possesses a unique range of liquid-propellant rocket engines with thrust range from 60 to 1000 tf, which can meet the needs of developers of launch vehicles of various classes. Founded in 1929. Awarded with the Orders of Lenin, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor and the October Revolution.
JSC “GKNPTs im. M. Khrunichev "is a developer and serial manufacturer of the" Proton "launch vehicle, the" Briz-M "launch vehicle and the" Angara "launch vehicle family. The GKNPTs includes a number of key manufacturers of components and components for the Proton launch vehicle located in Moscow and other cities of the Russian Federation.
Carries out research and development work to ensure ground and experimental development of rocket and space technology, command and software for scientific and socio-economic spacecraft. It is an analytical center in the field of system-wide research of problems of the development of space activities.
In the future, it is worth telling about each enterprise (institute) separately, considering their products in more detail, and not disregarding the problems of today.
RSC Energia begins the development of a draft design of a manned spacecraft for flights to Earth and lunar orbits, spacecraft repair, as well as for de-orbiting satellites that have failed. The spacecraft is designed to deliver a crew of six people into orbit, as well as at least 500 kg of payload. The working name of the ship is "Rus".
RSC Energia has won a tender for the development of a preliminary design of a promising manned spacecraft and is starting to prepare the project. The new Russian spacecraft, the development of a sketch of which will be completed next year, may be named Rus, Interfax reports.
“The working name of the ship is“ Rus ”, but it will be updated so that the Russian name of the ship is worthy. It is difficult to say in which direction the name will be transformed, ”Vitaly Lopota, President of RSC Energia, said at a press conference at the Mission Control Center (MCC).
According to him, the ship will be of capsule type, by analogy with the new spacecraft under development in the United States. “Their forms will probably be close,” Lopota noted. But he said that RSC Energia until the end of 2010 will not particularly disclose information about the new ship.
And although RSC Energia is heading the project, other enterprises of the Russian rocket and space industry may also create a new spacecraft.
“We will look at all the promising technologies that Russian enterprises have and involve them in cooperation,” Lopota promised.
According to him, RSC Energia will use only the best Russian technologies to create a new Russian manned spacecraft. “We will weigh what kind of competitive technologies the Center has. Khrunichev, and we will involve them in cooperation, and we will use not only the Center. Khrunichev, but also all the promising technologies that are currently in service with the Russian industry, ”said Lopota.
Rocket and Space Corporation Energia won the tender for the development of a draft design of a promising Russian manned spacecraft. At the same time, Roskosmos advises the corporation to involve the Khrunichev State Space Research and Production Center (GKNPTs) in the work.
“The Competition Commission made a decision to recognize the winner of the competition for OJSC RSC Energia named after SP Korolev, "the minutes of the meeting of the Roscosmos commission reads.
Two organizations took part in the competition for the creation of a new Russian manned spacecraft - RSC Energia and the Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center. The new ship should replace the Soyuz spacecraft that has been in use for four decades.
MOSCOW, 9 Feb— RIA Novosti. Private investors around the world are increasingly investing in space projects. How Russia participates in this - in a selection of RIA Novosti.
The CosmoCourse company is developing a reusable suborbital ship, attracting private investment for this. The project is designed for space tourism. In the summer of 2017, the company received a license "Roskosmos" on the implementation of space activities.
The ship will take on board six tourists who will spend 15 minutes in space, rising to a height of about 180 kilometers - it was at such an orbit Yuri Gagarin first flew away the land. As RIA Novosti told the General Director of the company Pavel Pushkin, proceed to the manufacture of a ship and open ticket booking for space flights already this year. Flight tests will begin in 2021.
Many noise has made a story with an explosion developed by a rocket engine on testing at the end of 2016, after which the project of the Taimyr rocket was significantly revised. In 2017, I collided with the financial difficulties Lin Industrial entered the Galaxy Group of Companies, where she was connected to a new project - the development of the probing prototype-prototype "Tayya".
The company expects to launch the first ultralight missile in space at the beginning of 2020.
Very easy rocket for the withdrawal of cargo orbit weighing 1-10 kilograms designed by the company "NCM Rocket Technologies". Like Lin Industrial, the company intends to conquer a part of the rapidly developing market of small orbital satellites. The prototype of the rocket engine acting on the mixture of nitrogen and kerosene zaksi, has experienced a year ago. Then in the interview with RIA Novosti, the General Designer of the project Nikolai Zisi-Varnarovsky predicted boom of space startups in Russia.
Next Rocket Technologies also develops a network of robotic ground-based telescopes managed via the Internet. The idea is that anyone can join the network and use a telescope for observation of space objects.
Space launches with the Marine Platform intend to intend to the company S7 Space, belonging to the Russian Airlines of the same name. In 2016, S7 Space acquired a floating ship-space, built back in the 1990s for the launches of Zenit's missiles of Ukrainian production. The company plans to make 70 commercial starts for 15 years. After 2023, it is planned to use the new rockets of the middle class "Soyuz-5", developed by the RSC "Energy". <
Vyacheslav Yermolin, February 16, 2021
Current Start Statistics P>
Delivery of cargo on the ISS. Docking to the "Pierce" gateway (CO1). Unloading. Machine fuel, water and gases. Recycling garbage. As part of the ISS: February 2021 - July 2021. Materials for repairing air leakage from the ISS.
Current launch infographic Link to high quality image.
“Why did Gerasim drown Mumu. ".
There is no official motto.
Launcher No. 6 at launch pad No. 31 of the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan.
Soyuz-2. a - a three-stage medium-class launch vehicle (LV) for launching various spacecraft. It is a modification of the Soyuz-2 family of space rockets developed by upgrading the Soyuz-U launch vehicle.
Progress MS-16 is a space transport cargo vehicle (TGK) of the Progress series. The flight from the Baikonur cosmodrome to the station will take place according to a two-day scheme. The spacecraft will deliver about 2500 kg of cargo to the ISS, including:
- 600 kg of refueling fuel;
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