Kazakhstan is thinking about creating infrastructure for tourists in Baikonur, the flow of which is now limited by high prices and poorly developed infrastructure. In Russia, however, they propose to make the cosmodrome a center for suborbital space tourism.
In Baikonur, within the framework of the "Long-term city development program" in the next seven years, they plan to create a full-fledged tourist infrastructure, according to the Kazakh TV channel "Khabar 24". The city wants to build new hotels, observation platforms, create safe routes to the cosmodrome and facilities outside the star city.
As expected, foreign tourists will be able to visit the Korkyt Ata memorial complex and relax on the Kambash lake. For the convenience of guests, they want to significantly simplify the procedures for obtaining a visa (this applies to foreign tourists) and other permits.
Let us remind you that today you need to obtain a special permit to enter the city of Baikonur. Since 1994, the Baikonur complex has been leased to the Russian Federation by Kazakhstan for a period up to 2050 and is a secure facility. So the visit by tourists to the cosmodrome and the city of Baikonur is subject to special conditions. A tourist can now get to Baikonur only as part of an organized group.
According to the Department of Culture, Youth Policy, Tourism and Sports of the Administration of the city of Baikonur, now two travel companies are engaged in tourism at the Baikonur Cosmodrome: State Unitary Enterprise "BaikonurGrandService" and LLC "TurService", as well as the State Budgetary Institution "Museum of the History of the Baikonur Cosmodrome »(Organization of excursions).
Applications from citizens of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Kazakhstan are accepted 30 days before the visit, from foreigners - 45 days. Moreover, foreigners need a visa: if the transfer is carried out through Russia, then citizens of foreign countries need a double Russian visa; if through Kazakhstan, then a single-entry Kazakhstan visa is sufficient.
According to tour operators, the main motivation for tourists coming to Baikonur is observing spacecraft launches. However, in fact, there are not many such launches, moreover, their dates are often postponed. For example, in the first quarter of 2018, it is planned to carry out only 2 launches from Baikonur.
According to the tourist industry, the current state of the infrastructure of the city of Baikonur can be called "modest" and "morally obsolete", which is partly due to its closed mode of operation. There is only one official hotel in the city - "Tsentralnaya", built back in 1967, plus there is a hostel and two guest houses.
April 12 all over the world celebrate the Day of Aviation and Astronautics - a memorable date dedicated to the first manned flight into space. This is a special day - the day of the triumph of science and all those who work in the space industry today.
The first and largest in the world, the legendary Baikonur cosmodrome is located on the territory of our country. On April 12, 1961, at 9.7 o'clock, the world's first cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin took off from Baikonur. From here departed manned spacecraft of the Vostok, Voskhod and Soyuz series, as well as orbital stations of the Salyut and Mir series, the Energia-Buran reusable system and interplanetary spacecraft.
We have collected 11 interesting facts about Baikonur that are not known to everyone.
In fact, the Baikonur cosmodrome was not originally Baikonur. Its construction was carried out near the Tyura-Tam village in the Kyzyl-Kum desert of the Kyzylorda region. At the same time, in order to confuse enemy spies, a wooden training ground with a model of a launch pad was built on the territory of the Baikonur village of the Karaganda region. To maintain secrecy, all launches from a real cosmodrome were reported in official sources as launches from Baikonur. After the launch of the Vostok-1 rocket with Yuri Gagarin on April 12, 1961, the name Baikonur was assigned to the operating cosmodrome. However, the false training ground continued to be guarded until the 70s, despite the fact that the Americans learned the real location of the cosmodrome back in 1957 thanks to the U-2 reconnaissance aircraft.
The soldiers who built the spaceport originally lived in ordinary tents, despite the fact that it was winter and there were severe frosts. In addition, the workers' canteen was located in the open air, which naturally created difficulties. In the summer, the heat in the desert reached 50 degrees, and constant tornadoes characteristic of the area clogged the nose, ears and eyes of the soldiers with sand. The builders washed themselves only once a week in the bath-carriage, and each was given only five minutes. The workers gave their consent to work in such difficult conditions out of ignorance. The soldiers knew that the Department of Defense was creating a missile base to defend its borders and to deliver a nuclear retaliatory strike against the United States in case of war, and the facility itself was referred to as the "Stadium". By the end of 1955, the number of civilian and military personnel exceeded 2,500.
According to the stories of the foreman of the famous cosmodrome Sergei Alekseenko, while digging a pit for the launch pad, the builders found an ancient fire pit at a depth of 35 meters. As a result of the examination, it became known that the find is from 10 to 30 thousand years old. After this incident, the chief designer Sergei Korolev called the territory of the cosmodrome "a happy place", and he kept one of the coals for himself and carried it in a matchbox. According to the designer, the ember was supposed to bring happiness.
The Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan is the main launch site of the planet. It spreads over an area of almost 7 thousand km². Dozens of sites, hundreds of railways and highways, thousands of specialists ensure the operation of the space harbor, which still has no equal in the world.
Correspondents of the "Special Report" program learned how they meet tourists at one of the most secret objects of the Soviet Union.
The famous "Gagarin Start". For several years before the flight, all ships have been blessed by a priest of the Orthodox Church. This is one of the traditions that have recently appeared at the cosmodrome. So far, only journalists and employees of the Baikonur complex can see her and many others. But soon everyone will be able to get to this place.
In the plans for the development of tourism in Baikonur, it is planned to build a complex for guests. However, it is not yet known where it will be erected. Thousands of tourists come here every year to watch spaceships travel to the stars.
Half a century ago, the world learned the name of the first cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin. For a long time, the details of the launch, the launch site and the names of the creators were kept secret. Today the city of Baikonur is known throughout the world.
All local residents know the history of the cosmodrome. But more accurately tell about it in the local museum. Galina Chernova left the teaching profession a few years ago and got a job as a tour guide.
“Our city is located on the right bank of the Syrdarya river,” she says, “in the 50s it was navigable and often overflowed, so there is even a dam along the embankment that has survived from those times. The city was planned to be built not only on the right bank, but also on the left one ”.
In the late 50s, there was a naked Kyzyl Kum desert, which in translation from the Kazakh language means “red sand”. In the heat, he heated up almost to a fiery red color. The Soviet leadership decided: the future gateway to space will be located here.
“The proximity to the equator provides additional rocket speed when flying into space. The surface is flat, there are no mountains, which is necessary for communication. 300 days of sunshine a year is also an important factor for visually seeing the rocket, ”said Galina Chernova.
Construction was carried out under the code name "Stadium". Nobody knew what would happen here. Even the place had to be renamed several times. At first it was the village of Zarya, then Leninsk. Later it received the status of a city, and in the 90s it was renamed Baikonur.
For a long time, passengers traveling along the southern branch of the Kazakh SSR railway did not realize that the path to one of the most secret objects of the Soviet Union begins from here.
The great, once bewitching and delighting in just one word, Baikonur was the symbol of the USSR cosmonautics. This is the first cosmodrome in the world, where many legendary events and discoveries took place, as well as terrible tragedies during the construction period. It was from Baikonur that Gagarin flew into space, and it was here that the builders received military awards for their participation in the construction of the legendary building.
The site for the cosmodrome was chosen so that the rockets take off easily, and the intruders would get into the territory difficult. The Kazakh steppe was ideally suited to these requirements:
· at the point where Baikonur is located, the gravity is somewhat weaker than at any other point with a similar protection against penetration;
· the spaceport is located in a harsh desert, through which it was not so easy for American spies to get into the territory of the closed city;
· Baikonur is unbearably cold in winter, and exhausting, dry heat in summer.
The construction of the cosmodrome was carried out in a classified environment. Everyone was convinced that thousands of workers were going to build a new city, as well as a large stadium.
For the construction of the cosmodrome, many workers received military medals and orders. After all, I had to work in terrible, unbearable conditions.
The remoteness from large cities, the presence of a railway nearby, as well as sources of fresh water served as factors of choice in favor of building a cosmodrome in this area. But the decisive fact was an archaeological find in the area of the village - an ancient settlement up to 35,000 years old.
The largest and most terrible man-made disaster occurred in 1960, during the test of a ballistic missile. Due to human error during the electrical test phase, the 2nd stage motor started up. That is, the radiation component was activated. Instantly, the fuel ignited, and the fire turned several dozen military and civilians into a cloud of atoms in a matter of seconds.
The ignition of jet fuel resulted in no human remains, except for some pieces of clothing in the form of belt buckles and metal buttons. Until now, on October 24 every year, people spend here the Day of Silence in memory of the victims.
Tours to the Baikonur cosmodrome. Manned rocket launch with astronauts on board. Excursions to Baikonur. Attractions of Baikonur. Organization of corporate events at Baikonur.
The nearest launch of a manned spacecraft with astronauts on board is March 28, 2015.
Attention! Approximate programs of the tour to Baikonur. The final programs will be agreed 60-70 days before the start of the tour to Baikonur. render completely.
Program No. 1, duration 4 days: March 27 - March 30, 2015.
Program No. 2, duration 6 days: March 25 - March 30, 2015.
An application for participation in the tour to Baikonur is necessary:
- for Russian citizens until February 10, 2015.
- for foreigners until February 1, 2015.
The following dates of tours to Baikonur for 2015. Soyuz spacecraft launches in 2015.
28 March 201526 May 20154 October 201530 November 2015
The story of how five guys decided to watch the rocket launch from Baikonur live. Spoiler alert: they did it!
On September 9, a new post appeared on the World Unexplored blog: "Into space - without taking off from the earth: Baikonur cosmodrome". Five guys decided to go to Baikonur to watch the rocket launch from the cosmodrome live. Naturally, they did not have any permits to visit, but they had adventures and a bunch of gorgeous pictures.
We publish selected excerpts from a rather large longread, look for the full text by the link and be sure to subscribe to these guys - we are confident in the editorial office that they will travel to dozens of unusual places around the world.
Baikonur is located 2,500 kilometers from Moscow, and getting there by car is the easiest and cheapest way. Airplanes do not fly to Baikonur, and those that do fly carry the cosmodrome workers. Naturally, getting on such a plane (unless, of course, you have certain acquaintances) is impossible. Trains run on a rather inconvenient schedule and are usually expensive. Moreover, by using public transport, you almost triple the already huge distance that you need to cover on foot in the desert. The choice is clear: the car.
I remember how the surrounding landscapes changed after crossing the border of Belarus with Poland. The roads became even smoother, the houses were well-groomed, the posts were even, and the hawks nested on the posts. Even the air seemed to be much fresher. The situation with Kazakhstan is radically different. As soon as we left the last checkpoint, the first thing our eyes fell on was a huge garbage dump, evenly distributed over the entire area of the road and a little more along the side of the road. Not a bad business card, we thought. And from the pleasant: already after 100 kilometers camels began!
When we drove up to Baikonur, the clock was about 11 pm. The further plan of action was impossibly simple: turn into the desert where the distance to the workshops is less, and drive as much as possible by car. After - leave the car in the desert and go on foot. Since there was a risk that our crew would be noticed from the territory of the cosmodrome, we could not drive with the headlights on. We solved this case in a very interesting way: by gluing an LED strip under the car bumper. However, its light was not enough, so one of us had to get out the window and illuminate the road with a flashlight. After we drove 2.5 kilometers, our car got stuck in the sand. Having pushed it out with difficulty, the team settled into their seats and moved on, but the joy lasted only 100 meters. This time the car got stuck with both ends. The clock is midnight. There was just over a day and a half before the launch, which means that we have only two nights to get to the point from where we planned to observe the launch. Well, let's go?
At first, no one took the distance that the navigator showed seriously. 28 kilometers of walking path to nowhere. This figure seemed easily surmountable. However, with each new time, when we checked the azimuth on the navigator, and our gaze involuntarily fell to the remaining distance, it was less and less believed in easy surmountability.
Have you ever slept on the move? No, it's not about how you return home tired, pass out, then realize that you have fallen asleep, shake yourself up and move on. It's about another, completely wild thing. Let's call it deliberate sleepwalking. At first we just walked with our eyes closed, because there was no particular difference. What is so, what is so - complete darkness. Then our body, in accordance with natural reflexes and daily routine, began to go into a state of sleep. (Well, it's dark around - your eyes are closed, it's almost two on the clock, and five on the local clock). And it is absolutely certain: this is a dream. You are cut down and stop perceiving what is happening around. At the same time, you do not fall to the ground, but continue to go forward. Kilometers. The funny thing is that the average speed in the state of sleep has increased by 0.5 km/h.