Lighting designer, urbanist and space tourism manager - these professions can now be obtained in Russian universities (sometimes even for free). Afisha Daily found out where to go to study in order to get a new generation of professions, and asked recruiters who would need such specialists.
Installations, music concerts, presentations, exhibitions, urban spaces, clubs and bars - lighting plays a key role in almost any event. A light designer is an artist who knows how to masterfully work with technology, a scriptwriter of light installations, an engineer and an architect all rolled into one. One of the striking examples of modern lighting design is the Swan Lake light show at the Circle of Light festival.
Where to go to study
The course "Lighting Design" (at the MARSH architecture school), the cost is 250 thousand rubles/year.
NRU HSE, Faculty of Communication Design (there are budget places).
Building entire streets, designing cities, feeling like the hero of DiCaprio from the movie "Inception" - that's what it means to be a virtual reality architect. To become such a specialist, it is not enough to understand design: you need to have knowledge in the field of programming and engineering.
Where to go to study
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, specialty "Science-intensive technologies and economics of innovation" (there are budget-funded places).
St. Petersburg National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, educational program "Software for Intelligent Systems and Technologies", cost - 154 thousand rubles/year.
Genetic tests that allow you to choose a training scheme or find out the child's tendencies are gradually turning from a highly specialized technology into a mass service. IT genetics are people who are engaged in the development and decoding of genetic tests and research in this area; in their work, they combine medicine and programming.
Indeed, a person from time immemorial, looking at the sky, dreams of exploring and conquering it. But in those days it was just a dream.
Now, we can confidently say that these dreams have come true. In truth, many satellites ply the vastness of space. And scientists monitor any changes in space. Undoubtedly, space flights have become an integral part of the history and life of mankind.
Obviously, the first difficulty in space exploration was the ability to overcome gravity. Fortunately, this problem was solved in the last century by the Russian scientist K.E. Tsiolkovsky. It was he who invented the liquid fuel for the space rocket. In addition, he also designed the rocket itself in 1903.
Then, in 1931, the construction of the first domestic rocket GIRD-09 began, under the leadership of S. Orolev.
In October 1957, the first artificial satellite was launched. By the way, it was created by S. Orolev. And it was named Sputnik-1. The rocket orbited the Earth in 96 minutes.
The purpose of creating and launching the first satellite was, firstly, to collect information about the Earth's atmosphere. Second, the transmission of radio signals to Earth. And, of course, checking the operation of the satellite itself.
This event undoubtedly influenced the further exploration of outer space and the development of new technologies.
The successful launch of satellites was just the beginning of space exploration. Scientists dreamed of sending a man into space. But it was very risky. Therefore, when the technological issue was settled, they decided to conduct an experiment on animals.
As you know, the dog Laika was the first space traveler. The rocket was launched successfully. But, unfortunately, during the flight, the temperature rose in the apparatus and the dog did not survive. The satellite itself burned out.
Author: Matushevskaya Larisa. Economist. Experience in managerial positions in the manufacturing sector. Date: October 9, 2020. Article updated: 20. 1.020. Reading time 8 min.
The opportunity to become a space tourist is available to units, since the cost is measured in millions of dollars. So, a flyby of the Moon will cost $ 75-120 million, ten days on the ISS - $ 50-80 million, in near-earth orbit - $ 30-40 million, a suborbital flight - $ 200-300 thousand. The spacewalk will cost the space traveler $ 200 million. For 2020 cosmotours are carried out only by Roskosmos together with the operator Space Adventures. They promise to send Virgin Galactic, Blue Origin, CosmoCourse to the stars in the near future. But Elon Musk's SpaceX is still considered the leader in a promising industry, which promises to carry out the next flight for money already in 2021
The main technological news of August 2020 about the splashdown of the capsule with astronauts from the first private spacecraft Crew Dragon and the successful test of the Starship prototype launch for a flight to the Moon and Mars showed that the promises of entrepreneurs to send people into space are not working exceptions, but on an ongoing basis, will soon become a reality. And, perhaps, for this you don't even have to wait more than 10 years - that is how much has passed since the flight in 2009, when the Canadian Guy Laleberte became the eighth and last space-tourist. The first lucky ones for the opportunity to stay on the ISS for 10-14 days paid $ 20-30 million, today the service has significantly risen in price. How much it costs to become a space tourist directly depends on the type of flight, the amount can reach $ 200 million.
Reaching the Karman line is a criterion for recognition of a space flight. The blue sky ends at an altitude of 100 km - this figure is called by the International Aviation Federation. NASA, when determining the border, speaks of 122 km, and the US Air Force counts anyone who has been above 80 km as real astronauts.
But private companies, offering space-tourist services, focus not only on height, but also on creating conditions for being in zero gravity. Already today you can try zero gravity on yourself by paying for a flight on a super-high-speed plane, or feel the load on special. simulators in Star City.
Photo: aeronautics at G-FORCE ONE. Source: gozerog. om
All these near-cosmic emotions cannot convey the euphoria that travelers should experience when looking at the stars through the window. Real space tourism is considered today as a flight:
Each type implies different costs for organizing the flight, the timing and complexity of the preparation of the tourist himself, requests from operators. Therefore, the prices for such services can differ significantly and range from $ 200 thousand to $ 200 million.
Suborbital race, - thousand $