Is it expensive to fly into space and realize a youthful dream?
In childhood, many wanted to become astronauts. Today it is already more feasible, the question is in the field of finance.
You can design your own rocket, rent a shuttle from one of the companies that already provide these services, or even fly into space as if to work. Let's understand the cost of the issue.
The head of Tesla - Musk, at the first stages planned to buy a rocket in Russia, but could not agree. Then he decided to design rockets on his own. According to him, 390 million dollars were spent on the design and construction of the Falcon 9. The largest modern rocket Falcon Heavy has already spilled over 500 million
"Space" businessmen make an income by delivering a variety of satellites to orbit our planet. The launch of the Falcon 9 costs $ 61 million. Our Proton-M costs a little more: 66-71 million. To launch Falcon Heavy, you need to spend 88 million dollars.
Space tourism is developing very actively: seven space tourists have already flown to the ISS. This tour costs $ 42 million. For an additional 3-4 million dollars, you can even go into outer space (I wonder if it’s to get out. And to get in how much? Ruble entrance, and exit 2?)).
Richard Branson (British billionaire and extravagant personality) simulates his Virgin Galactic ship. It is designed for six space tourists. The ticket costs $ 250,000
We tell you who you need to work and where you need to study in order to connect your career with space.
The most obvious option, but not the easiest one to implement. The astronaut controls the spacecraft, carries out work on the International Space Station and even goes into outer space. The task of the cosmonauts is to conduct scientific research, as well as test various technical devices. Sometimes astronauts have to repair equipment on board the station. The very stay of people in near-earth orbit is a biological experiment; on Earth, astronauts become an object of study for doctors and biologists.
The selection and training of test cosmonauts is carried out by the Yu. agarine. Anyone under the age of 35 can apply for admission to the cosmonaut corps. Among the basic requirements for astronauts are good health and higher education. The most demanded specialties in orbit are pilot and engineer, and the easiest path to cosmonauts is through the profession of a military pilot.
Where to work: in the Cosmonaut Corps of Roscosmos.
Designs diagrams of individual parts and mechanisms of aircraft - rockets, spaceships, satellites. Creates new technical solutions, participates in the assembly and testing of devices and mechanisms, prepares instructions for the operation of equipment. Design engineers design rocket engines, spacecraft and rocket-space complexes, patent new designs of units and assemblies.
Where to work: Elon Musk ? At the enterprises of the military space and defense industry, research institutes, design bureaus (NPO named after S. Lavochkin, Center for Operation of Ground Space Infrastructure, Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, NPO Energomash named after Academician V.P. Glushko, Rocket and Space Corporation "Energia" named after SP Korolev, JSC MNPK "Avionika", JSC "Russian Space Systems").
University FacultyMoscow Aviation InstituteInstitute No. 6 "Aerospace Faculty" MSTU named after N.E. BaumanAerospace FacultyMGU named after N.E. M. Lomonosov Aerospace FacultySaint-Petersburg State UniversityInstitute of Rocket and Space TechnologySaint-Petersburg State University of Aerospace InstrumentationInstitute of Space TechnologyBaltic State Technical University "VOENMEKH" D. Ustinova Faculty "A" of rocket and space technology St. Petersburg State University of Aerospace Instrumentation "Instrument Engineering" St. Petersburg State University "Fundamental Mechanics"
The era of space travel has just begun, but interest in them goes beyond science. Already now, for fabulous sums, you can go on an orbital flight. But, like all entertainment, only the first time it will be exclusive. Over time, as technology continues to develop, and the market is filled with offers from various private (but not only) companies, space tourism will become more popular and more affordable. For the next several decades, such a trip will still be extremely expensive, but the bill will already go to hundreds of thousands, not millions of dollars.
Even now, in 2017, you can become a space tourist (one of the first, by the way) for some $ 30-50 million. By 2017, there will be only seven such lucky ones, and all "flights" are performed by Roskosmos, as the only company at the moment whose Soyuz spacecraft send and pick up astronauts from the ISS.
Since 2010, Roskosmos has suspended tourist flights and it is not entirely clear how things are now: they planned to resume such a "service" in 2015, but either the political situation is too tense, or there was no one willing, but the fact remains a fact: since 2009 there have been no tourists in space.
To understand the specifics of the sphere at the moment, you need to consider the following points, which we will talk about.
US programs, like the Space Shuttle, have long been phased out, and the entire sending of man into space is based on cooperation with Roskosmos, whose ships, as it was written above, are the only ones in the world that can carry people so far.
To solve the problem of monopoly in an unstable relationship, and indeed to reduce the cost of the entire process, several companies are working on the development of spaceships at once. The most famous of them is Elon Musk's SpaceX, where the manned Dragon has almost been finalized, which will have to replace the expensive and cumbersome red tape with Soyuz. In addition, SpaceX is thinking about tourism: it is stated that in 2018 two tourists will not only be in orbit, but even make a detour around the moon and return to Earth.
In addition to companies that are engaged in the field of space flights for the sake of science and research, there are those who are developing exclusively for space tourism. These are, for example, Richard Branson's Virgin Galactic project, the same one where pilots recently crashed during a test flight, and the Blue Origin project. They both plan to develop suborbital tourist flights. Suborbital - this is a little over 100 kilometers, but at a speed insufficient to put the ship into orbit, where artificial satellites rotate. In other words, it will be possible to look at the beauty of the blue Earth, but it is unlikely to experience weightlessness - for this you need to rise higher.
Thus, if everything works out, then in the next 10 years the number of players on the market will increase from one and very expensive to four and with different price ranges.
As soon as orbital flights cease to be a curiosity and entertainment for ten people from the seven billion population of our planet, we will talk about tourism to other planets and satellites. Given the trends and plans for the coming decades, most likely new tourist routes will be laid to the Moon and Mars.
The moon is not a very interesting candidate: it has been touched, examined and photographed so many times that it will be interesting only for fans of the Apollo space missions. You can look at the Earth from afar from orbit, at the lunar soil - in every decent science museum, and you can take a pebble from the Moon by buying on AliExpress, which, as you will see, will certainly sell various space souvenirs and fakes for them.
Every day, aviation tourism is becoming more and more widespread, and the plane has become commonplace for many people. What kind of direction is this, what are its features, and what are its varieties? More on this later in our article.
Aviation tourism is a completely new direction of tourism, which allows anyone to travel, becoming a pilot of an airplane or other air transport. Although "any person" is probably too loud. Perhaps this type of tourism requires very significant costs, so wealthy people with a high level of income can afford it.
Aviation tourism has become widespread in Europe, Australia and America. But in the CIS countries, albeit not so developed, but it has a sufficient number of fans to give such an opportunity in many cities.
Aviation tourism can now be classified in two areas:
1. Extreme vacation. When a tourist is going to independently sit at the helm of an airplane or operate a helicopter, paraglider or other aircraft.
2. Charter holidays (not to be confused with charter flights). The purpose of such a vacation is to visit as many tourist sites as possible in a short time. Aviation technology is used exclusively as a means of transportation, without extreme bias. As regards the aviation vehicles themselves, they can be:
We will describe each means of aviation in more detail below.
Many people dream of space flights. There are already hundreds of people on the waiting lists of companies promising suborbital space flights. Science fiction writers of the mid-20th century were confident that in the near future this type of travel would become generally available. However, fewer than 600 astronauts have traveled to space so far. It is even more difficult for a layman to go into space, but in 2001 Dennis Tito succeeded. He became the first space tourist to fly into space at his own expense and without many years of training. But this phenomenon has not yet become widespread. Denis Shapiro, ex-manager of the Russian representative office of Space Adventures, told Haytek that, in addition to money, it is necessary for space tourism and how soon everyone will be able to make such a trip.
- What are the varieties of space tourism?
- There are two types. One that has existed until now is orbital space tourism. The story, though expensive, is very attractive. In general terms, the rocket starts from the cosmodrome, after a while the ship with the tourist on board docks in orbit with the ISS and the space traveler begins to live in space. The flight lasts approximately 9-12 days. There were a total of eight such flights and seven astronauts-tourists. One liked it so much that he flew twice.
Now a new stage begins - the so-called suborbital tourism, when tourists fly to the conditional border with space. That is, they experience weightlessness and quickly return to Earth. They are technically believed to have been in space. Where space begins is an open question, because everyone thinks differently. In Russia, it is believed that at an altitude of 100 km. In the United States - that it is necessary to analyze the change in the atmosphere - and the border runs a little higher than 80 km. Suborbital flights will be inexpensive. While orbital ones cost tens of millions of dollars, moreover, they need to undergo lengthy training.
- Is someone sponsoring a space tourist flight?
- No, space tourists are those who flew for their own money. All flights were organized by Space Adventures. Next year there will be several American ships that will be able to carry tourists. Tourism will be launched with renewed vigor - more new ships, opportunities, the emergence of suborbital flights.
Two operators are currently developing suborbital flights: Blue Origin and Virgin Galactic. The declared cost of the flight is $ 250,000, the altitude is from 80 to 105 km, the time is 15 minutes, of which the tourist will spend about 5 minutes in zero gravity.
- How is training for space tourists and how does it differ from training for professionals?
- Basically, all the preparation of tourists takes place in the suburbs, in the Star City. Space tourists are very wealthy and successful people who can pay tens of millions of dollars. So, the first flight in 2001 cost $ 20,000,000. These successful people sit down at their desks, spend six months in Russia, get used to our realities, study the structure of the Soyuz spacecraft, the device and systems of the ISS, learn how to properly respond to emergency situations, pass many other workouts for safe space flight. Most likely, American manned spacecraft will appear this year, but so far everyone is flying on Soyuz. It consists of three large parts: the utility compartment, the instrument-and-assembly compartment, where the ship's engine is located, and the descent vehicle - the most protected and safest part. In it, the astronauts are at the start and return to Earth.
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