In order to prepare for flights, special trainings are held. Under the supervision of specialists, people who want to fly into space receive identical loads that they can receive during their journey from planet Earth to their destination.
Back in 1967, Eric Kraft and Barron Hilton published works that reflected the idea of space tourism for the first time. Moreover, this should have happened on a commercial basis, but each idea must come on time. Apparently, at that time humanity was not yet ready for flights in reality, and therefore the excellent business plan did not have the desired success and was shelved. Over time, the idea of flying ceased to seem so absurd, and Blue Origin showed a capsule for space tourism. This is how we acquire space tourism for ourselves as an innovative market product available for an appropriate fee. Pay and fly, literally.
Cosmotourism received serious development by the end of the 20th century. The International Astronautics Congress listened to a paper on the possible consequences of the introduction of this product regarding economic development, and this topic seemed quite interesting, causing a lot of gossip in the circles of not only scientists, but also businessmen. Christy McAuliffe, a teacher from America, was predicted to be the debutants of this event. But due to the tragedy, she could not do this. Christie died at the launch of the "Challenger" in the same 1986.
In connection with this regrettable event, the United States passed a law to prevent non-trained persons from space flight. In the 90s, the first space tourists, Akiyama Toehiro and Sharman Helen from Japan and Great Britain, went beyond the Earth's atmosphere. They visited the Mir station, owned by the Soviet Union. The funding was taken over by private individuals funding the British consortium.
To date, there is only one station for this type of tourism - the ISS (International Space Station). You can get on it using the services of the Russian Soyuz spacecraft. Roskosmos and Space Adventures are directly involved in organizing flights. These companies have been actively cooperating in the provision of this type of travel services since 2001, and their work is very productive. Thanks to their activities, those who wish can make an unforgettable flight of their lives.
Trainings are required before flying into space, they help to overcome the fear of flying. Trainings take place in special installations, as well as in small airplanes, in which weightlessness is created under certain conditions.
This happens in Star City, Shchelkovo near Moscow. Despite the rather high fares (after all, the cost of one flight is in the range of 2-24 million dollars, and now it has increased to 40 million), the number of people eager to get new experience and new sensations is constantly increasing. For those who wish to go into outer space, the price of the issue will be another $ 3 million. But what, to be in space and not "breathe deeply"? Absurd. Therefore, it is imperative to go out into the airless space. And then when else will have to. Moreover, for such a price.
This video provides an overview of space tourism prices.
Dennis Tito became the founder of tourism. This is a brave American with Italian roots, who was thrown into the Earth's orbit by the thirst for new sensations. In 2001, he visited the ISS, getting there aboard the Soyuz spacecraft. It happened on April 28, and the team also included professional astronauts: Kazakh Talgat Musabayev and Russian Yuri Baturin.
The next commercial tourist to have gone down in history was Mark Shuttleward. His company is engaged in the implementation of new operating systems in the life of mankind. The flight took place from April 25 to May 5, 2002. The brand was also accompanied by professionals: Yuri Gidzenko and Roberto Vittori. Both Mark and Dennis paid $ 20 million each to the Russian Federal Space Agency. But it was worth it, we think.
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Virgin Galactic has successfully completed the first flight test of its SpaceShipTwo tourist spacecraft over the Mojave Desert.
The flight of the six-seat VSS Enterprise attached to the carrier aircraft lasted 2 hours 54 minutes. According to the developers, test flights of the SpaceShipTwo spacecraft will be carried out until 2011. If all goes according to plan, the first tourists will fly into space in 2012.
The first flight of the SpaceShipTwo spacecraft.
Virgin Galactic and British billionaire Richard Brandson have officially unveiled the first ever passenger spacecraft - SpaceShipTwo, developed in total secrecy for 5 years.
“This will be the start of commercial space tourism. You become an astronaut, ”Branson said during the presentation of the spacecraft.
The first private spacecraft SpaceShipTwo.
Space tourism is a relatively new direction for recreation and entertainment, which so far can only be used by really rich people. To date, only a few have been able to leave the Earth. However, space tourism as a separate industry has received a serious impetus to development in recent years, when Blue Origin, Virgin Galactic and a number of other organizations began to actively develop this direction.
The idea of traveling beyond Earth was born in the minds of science fiction writers. Later, billionaires (in particular, Barron Hilton) joined this, who showed their intention to organize flights into space for private individuals. However, this idea was not developed at that time. The first trip into space, in which a private person took, was scheduled for 1986. By that time, this idea received a new impetus for development. It was seriously discussed by both science and business. As a result, the discussions led to the fact that the American teacher Christy McAuliffe was included in the crew of the Challenger shuttle.
Despite good preparation, one mistake led the US authorities to pass a law banning space tourism. This decision is explained by the fact that the Challenger shuttle exploded after a few seconds of flight without leaving the planet. 4 years after the sad event, the first tourist appeared in space. It turned out to be Toyohiro Akii from Japan. The following year, Helen Sharman from Great Britain left the planet. Both cosmonauts went to the Mir station.
Space tourism received a new round of development when in 2001 American businessman Dennis Tito went to the ISS. The flight was organized by Roskosmos together with Space Adventure. Cooperation between these organizations continues today. During their joint work, Roskomsom and Space Adventure organized 7 "tours" to the ISS.
After Dennis Tito's visit to the International Space Station, it became known how much a flight into space costs for an individual. At that time, to travel beyond the earth's atmosphere, it was necessary to pay about $ 20 million.
The second space tourist was Mark Shuttwalt from South Africa, who also visited the ISS in 2002. Together with him, the Italian Roberto Vittori was in orbit. Both astronauts paid the same $ 20 million for space tourism.
In 2005, Gregory Olsen of the United States became the third private person in the 21st century to visit the International Space Station. Initially, they did not want to admit him to the flight, but later the decision was revised. And in 2006, a female tourist Anushe Ansari, who has Iranian roots, entered the ISS for the first time. Moreover, initially it was not supposed to fly. Ansari replaced Japanese businessman Daisuke Enomoto on board the TMA-9 Union, who was unable to get into space due to inadequacy of medical requirements.
In 2007, Charles Simonyi went to the ISS. He became the first space tourist to conduct experiments aboard the station. Simoni was engaged in research on the effect of radiation on the body, and also assessed the nature of the effect of weightlessness on blood clotting. This person is currently the only tourist who has visited the ISS twice. The second flight took place 2 years after the first.
In 2008, a trip to space was organized for the American businessman Richard Garriott. This man is notable for the fact that his father is also a former astronaut. As in the case of Simonyi, Garriott was engaged in scientific activities aboard the ISS. However, if the former was fulfilling the order of ESA, the latter was carried out by private companies. One of the experiments that Garriott conducted was an attempt to grow protein crystals in zero gravity.
The last space tourist was Guy Laliberté, founder of Cirque du Soleil. For 2015, a trip was planned for singer Sarah Brightman, but it did not take place.
The Kosmokurs company announced the start of testing the first reusable suborbital spacecraft in Russia for space tourism. How and when Russian tourists will go en masse to "surf the expanses of the Universe", FBA "Economics Today" figured out.
There are four options for going into space today. The first and most expensive flight is to the ISS. A ticket to the main space base of mankind will cost a tourist $ 30 million. But paying does not mean flying. Even if you have the necessary funds, you still have to go through a year of intensive preparation for the flight, acquiring the necessary skills and studying the structure of the Soyuz spacecraft.
The second option involves suborbital flight. Private companies are actively involved in this area. As the head of the Institute of Space Policy Ivan Moiseev explains to us, suborbital flights are still different from rocket flights. “According to international rules, space flight involves entering orbit and accelerating to a speed of 8 kilometers per second. The suborbital jump is called a space flight rather for advertising purposes.
But this direction is now really actively developing all over the world. In my opinion, space companies will be able to profit from space tourism only at the first stage, while the market is owned by several companies. After the first surge, there will be an inevitable decline in interest in flying.
The amount of such a flight will remain at the level of 200 thousand dollars for the first time, so not every tourism, especially in Russia, will be able to afford such an adventure. Nevertheless, the cost of the ticket can subsequently be reduced by at least two times, for which it is necessary to launch the series production of ships and establish a constant flow of customers. But the price of such a ticket is unlikely to fall below 100 thousand dollars in the foreseeable future, ”our interlocutor is sure.
The third and fourth options are more related to near-space travel. You can either visit the stratosphere on a MiG-29 for 15 thousand dollars, where you will be lifted to an altitude of about 29 kilometers and simulate a suborbital flight, or buy a ticket for the IL-76 MDK. The latter option will allow you to experience weightlessness several times for 30 seconds each. The cost of a zero-gravity session will cost 3.5 thousand dollars.
Note that the sale and booking of tickets on the Kosmokurs ship will be possible already from 2018. In the meantime, the company's ship is at the stage of developing a preliminary design, and the start of flight tests is scheduled for 2019-2020.
In 2018, Russia will start testing a reusable suborbital spacecraft for space tourism
Moiseev explains to us that it is much easier to build a reusable spacecraft for suborbital flights than an orbital one. “The same thermal or aerodynamic loads in such flights are much less. But the point is not only in the construction of the ship, and the demand for flights among the population. A huge number of additional regulatory questions arise.
Companies need not only to obtain a license for launches from Roscosmos, but also a certificate for manned launches in the future. But in order to obtain this document, it is necessary to demonstrate the reliability of the launches. Preliminary tests of technology without human participation cost a lot of money, and during them developers need to take into account safety requirements as much as possible when organizing flights of space tourists, ”the expert continues.
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