Who in the Russian Federation has the right to carry out medical activities

Who in the Russian Federation has the right to carry out medical activities

The right to practice medicine is fundamental in the healthcare industry. This is due to the fact that it directly affects the quality of the services provided. And today the health of the nation is one of the priority areas in our country. At the state level, this industry is given special attention.

That is why not everyone who wishes, even those who have a vocation, can come to this sphere and start working. The legislation imposes increased requirements for the implementation of this type of activity.

Who can carry out medical and pharmaceutical activities

For a correct understanding of the covered topic, you should understand the basic terms.

Medical activity is a series of actions aimed at providing medical care, carrying out various activities (examination, medical examinations, prevention), provided at a professional level.

Pharmaceutical activity is wholesale and retail trade of medicines and related products in pharmacies.

Health services should be provided to citizens in specialized institutions by workers with qualifications and the necessary knowledge in this area.

To implement this principle, the legislator has established increased requirements not only for candidates for positions held in this area, but also for organizations providing such services.

Article 69 of the Law of the Russian Federation dated 21. 1. 011 No. 323-FZ "On the basics of health protection ..." (Law No. 323-FZ) regulates the right to engage in medical and pharmaceutical activities.

  • with a diploma of graduation;
  • teachers teaching students in accordance with Art. 82 of the Law of 29. 2. 012 N 273-FZ "On Education in the Russian Federation" (Law No. 273-FZ);
  • scientists involved in developments in the field of medicine.

Persons can become pharmacists:

  • with a pharmacist diploma;
  • with prof. education in the profile of retail trade in medicines, if they work in points at polyclinics in rural areas where there is no pharmacy network.

The profession of a massage therapist has several obvious advantages: good earnings, free schedule and the ability to open your own business. However, is it easy to master and is it possible to work as a massage therapist without a medical education? Let's figure it out together.

What is the specificity of the profession of a massage therapist?

The work of this specialist (23791 - code according to OKPDTR) is to use hands or with the help of special devices to influence the skin and soft tissues of a person to improve his health: relaxation, relieve pain, increase skin tone, improve blood flow. With a general massage, the whole body is treated, with a local massage, a separate zone. He is not involved in affecting the bones of the skeleton.

The masseur's duties, in addition to the procedure itself, include:

  • Preparing the client for the procedure.
  • Consulting visitors.
  • Control over the state of the client during massage.
  • Compliance with hygiene and safety standards in the massage parlor.
  • Maintain the necessary documentation.
  • Providing primary medical care (if necessary).

As a rule, they work in medical and health institutions, sports clubs, beauty salons, spa-salons, saunas and baths, in some cases they open their offices or even work from home.

Does the masseur need a medical degree?

Is it possible to work as a massage therapist without a medical education? Yes and no - working as a massage therapist without education is possible, but it depends on the type of massage.

There are several types of massage:

  • Medical ;
  • Cosmetic;
  • Sports ;
  • Children.

These types differ in their goals and impact area.

Cosmetic massage affects only the skin and muscles, accelerates blood, restores skin tone and improves its appearance. It can be done after specialized courses.

Curative affects the circulatory, nervous and lymphatic systems, as well as internal organs. It is prescribed only by a doctor and only after an accurate diagnosis, so as not to harm the patient. The effectiveness of therapeutic massage for heart failure, high or low blood pressure, during rehabilitation after myocardial infarction, with scoliosis and osteochondrosis, chronic bronchitis, pneumonia, neuralgia and other diseases has been proven. In this case, the specialist must know the medical indications and contraindications. Therefore, medical education for a massage therapist with such qualifications is a prerequisite for work.

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