For centuries, France has been building a highly developed system of medical support for the population. Folk healers who possessed ancient recipes for healing diseases were gradually replaced by scientists who developed a scientific approach to understanding human physiology, its paradoxes, temporary and permanent disorders of the functioning of individual organs. This is how new systems for the treatment of various diseases, pharmacological development of drugs, and rehabilitation schemes appeared.
It is important to note that in the modern period, French medicine is aimed at preventing the most widespread diseases, such as cancerous tumors, ailments of the cardiovascular system, HIV. The logic is extremely simple: it is better to spend time and money on preventing the onset of the disease, to convince a person that taking care of one's own health is the primary task, the fulfillment of which guarantees a happy life.
What else should everyone know about medicine in France, the methods of local doctors and the procedure for applying to a medical institution? A list of important and interesting facts is collected in this article.
The French healthcare system is one of the most advanced in Europe
The World Health Organization regularly monitors each country for the observance and development of medicine. In recent years, research results have shown that, along with Germany, France holds the palm. Last year, the French system even surpassed the German one. Why is that?
WHO conducts its research based on quite objective points:
• needs of the population in the industry, their implementation by the state;
• availability of treatment for both residents and non-residents of the country;
• efficiency of the health care system.
That is, France, having received WHO recognition, was able to prove high standards in all three areas.
Each country has its own health care system, and each system has different advantages and disadvantages. Its effectiveness depends on a huge number of factors. After a year of internship, having worked as a therapist in a polyclinic for 1.5 years, I faced a huge number of problems in domestic medicine. Having moved to France, I was surprised by the absence of these very problems.
In the middle and at the end of the 20th century, there were many shortcomings in the French medical system, which were eliminated thanks to the corresponding bills.
Let's start with medical education:
Now a little about the system itself:
The system would not work if the rules were not followed. Of course, there are exceptions to every rule. Especially when you consider that there are many Roma and migrants in France, and some of them continue to live by their own rules.
How to continue medical education abroad in France or learn to be a doctor from scratch? The profession of a doctor is in demand always and everywhere. Today, even in developed European countries, there is a severe shortage of medical specialists. Therefore, international students wishing to master the medical profession can try to become a first-class physician in such a popular country as France.
The training process for doctors in France is divided into three cycles: First cycle, Second cycle and Residency.
The first cycle (First cycle of medical research: PCEM "Premier Cycle d'études Medicales") lasts two years. According to the results of the competitive exam at the end of the first year, only about 15-20% of freshmen move on to the second year. The first two years are shared by students studying Medicine, Pharmacy, Dentistry, Nursing and Physiokinetotherapy in the French medical education system.
The maximum number of international students from outside the European Union admitted by each faculty or department of medicine is limited to 8 percent of the total admissions. The competitive exam is common to medicine, odontology (dentistry) and obstetrics. It is not possible to enroll more than twice in the first year program.
The second cycle (Second cycle of medical research: DCEM “Deuxième Cycle des Etudes Médicales”) lasts four years. To advance to the third cycle, fourth-year students must successfully complete the second cycle and pass the theoretical course exams, approve all inpatient internships and attend the required seminars. The national exam gives access to 11 specialties, the choice of which is determined by the title received.
Anesthesiology and Resuscitation and reanimationAnesteziologiya biologyMeditsinskaya Medical Biology Medical gynecologyMeditsinskaya Gynecology Gynecology and Obstetrics General and obstetricsGinekologiya practiceObschaya practice Occupational medicineMeditsina labor PediatricsPediatriya PsychiatryPsihiatriya Public health and social medicineObschestvennoe health and social medicine surgery: Surgery: General Surgery surgeryObschaya NeurosurgeryNeyrohirurgiya OphthalmologyOftalmologiya Otolaryngology and cervicofacial surgery Otolaryngology and cervicofacial surgery Stomatology Dentistry Medical specialties: Medical specialties: Anatomy and cell pathology Anatomy and cellular pathology Cardiology and vascular disease Cardiology and vascular diseases Dermatology and venereology Dermatology and venereology Endocrinology, diabetes, and metabolic diseases and hepatology Medical genetics Medical Genetics Hematology Hematology Internal medicine Internal medicine Nuclear medicine Nuclear medicine Physical medicine and rehabilitation Physical medicine and rehabilitation Nephrology Nephrology Neurology Neurology Pneumology Pulmonology Rheumatology Rheumatology Oncology Oncology Radiodiagnostics and imaging Radiation diagnostics and medical imaging
The third cycle includes two study programs: general medicine or other specialties, each leading to the Diplôme d'Études Spécialisées (DES: Diploma in Specialized Research).
The general medicine internship lasts three years and includes hospital care as well as six months of interaction with a healthcare practitioner. Residency (internship) in other specialties lasts from four to five years, depending on the area.
In May 2012, my husband suddenly fell ill. He is 60 years old, but he never was in hospitals, he was very strong, physically enduring and worked very hard. We did not even expect that a serious and serious illness could fall on us so suddenly. First, local doctors diagnosed us with hepatitis B, n. More
SPECIALIZED CLINICS OF FRANCE
TREATMENT IN FRANCE CLINICS
Treatment in a clinic in France is different from treatment in other European countries. The French healthcare system is recognized as the best in the world. French patients benefit from both traditional therapeutic services and the latest scientific advances.
The level of health of the nation and the annual increase in the life expectancy of the population by more than three months are a confirmation of the effectiveness of the organization of health care.
According to available data, the amount of medical expenses in France is 181 billion euros, or 10.6% of GDP, which made France the fourth largest healthcare expenditure after the United States (15.3%), Switzerland (11, 6%) and Germany (10.9%).
As in many other European countries, France has a large number of doctors: there are 3 doctors for every thousand of the population, and this figure, in comparison with other Western countries, can be considered excellent (Great Britain - 3: 1800, USA - 3: 2700, Germany - 3: 3400, Italy - 3: 5900).
French clinics are divided into three types:
Today, the French healthcare system is rightly considered one of the best in the world. Initially, it was conceived as egalitarian - with the maximum availability of medical care for representatives of all social strata. We will tell you what types of health insurance are valid in France and who can use them
The current health care system in France was introduced back in 1945 and has since proven to be effective. Of course, she is criticized. However, it is very indicative that 75% of the French are quite satisfied with domestic medical care.
Any medical service in France is provided on terms of health insurance, which can be of two types - compulsory and voluntary.
Public health insurance in France is compulsory and covers 89% of the population. In 2006, each insured received almost EUR 1,890 in sickness care benefits, and the total benefits in 2009 amounted to EUR 138.4 billion.
There are three compulsory health insurance regimes:
- based on social and professional criteria. This applies to all employees, including students;
- as family members or dependents of such employees;
- under the universal health insurance (CMU). It concerns people who do not meet the criteria listed above.
Depending on the basis on which a policy of compulsory medical insurance is requested, certain documents are needed. For registration, you must contact the Caisse Primaire d'Assurance Maladie (CPAM) or the social insurance center, after filling out the application form and attaching the necessary papers (depending on the situation)
Contributions are set by the state - funds are collected by local social welfare departments. Their level is quite high - about 19.4% of wages. However, the employee himself pays only a third of the amount, and the rest is the employer.
An indispensable attribute of insurance is the Carte Vitale compulsory health insurance card