A new law "On Tourism" has been adopted in Tajikistan. It replaced two previous documents - the law on tourism, adopted back in 1999 and on the domestic one from 2017. what will change now? Collected the most important changes.
Unlike the previous one, the new law is more perfect and clearly clarifies the basic concepts of tourism.
The changes have affected almost all points, starting with the first chapter "General Provisions", where 33 basic concepts are interpreted.
Among other things, the very wording of tourism has changed.
This is “a multidimensional journey of citizens of the Republic of Tajikistan, foreign citizens, stateless persons, as well as an activity conducted for the purpose of health improvement, acquaintance, visiting, commercial, sports, professional and other purposes (with the exception of attracting to paid work) and temporary residence outside the permanent place of residence ”.
In the previous law, the word "tourism" was understood as "a type of activity that implements a system of organizing recreation with a recreational, educational purpose, for the purpose of pilgrimage (except for Hajj), commercial, sports, professional and other purposes through travel (tour) and temporary stay outside the place of residence. "
The terms “domestic tourism”, “social tourism”, “tourist products”, “State cadastre of tourist resources”, “tourist resources” and others have also received an extended interpretation.
The new law has increased the number of activities in the field of tourism:
The law allows for the emergence of new types of tourism.
DUSHANBE, June 26 - Sputnik. Tourists in Tajikistan are increasingly starting to get out into nature. Camping is in vogue in the republic, reports the Mir 24 TV channel.
Of the many options, tourists choose an active type of recreation.
"When we arrived here, I just realized that this is the very place where you can retire, read a book, children can play by themselves, you will have a rest, children will have a rest," said a resident of Dushanbe Zarangiz Mirzoeva.
Basically, Tajiks prefer to settle in camping villages. So they have the opportunity to relax in nature, but under the supervision of experienced instructors.
"It's stuffy in the city, after weekdays you want to go somewhere, here you can come to rest and come back for the weekend. It doesn't take much time, so for a city dweller such a vacation is a great option," said the tourist Elvira Mirova.
Sanitary regulations must be observed in camping areas. At the same time, such a vacation cannot be called completely "wild": tourists are provided with a shower, water, electricity, a kitchen, children's and sports grounds.
DUSHANBE, 12 Feb - Sputnik. Chairman of the Committee for Tourism Development in Tajikistan Tojiddin Jurazoda spoke at a press conference in Dushanbe about how the tourism industry suffered during the pandemic.
According to him, domestic tourism in Tajikistan has decreased three times in 2020 compared to 2019.
Jurazoda noted that if in previous years tourism brought about 0.3% of the country's GDP and was equivalent to $ 2-3 million, then last year this figure dropped significantly.
"Today companies do not know how to develop in such conditions. According to official statistics, in 2019 the number of domestic tourists was 403 thousand people, and in 2020 - only 185.6 thousand," he said head of department.
He also added that therefore the Tourism Development Committee is trying to find other ways to develop the industry.
Tajiks are an ancient people, akin to the Persians, and Tajikistan is a young state that arose as a result of the collapse of the USSR. The years of independence were not easy for the country, which went through internal conflicts and civil war. Currently, Tajik society does not live richly, but without upheavals. Stabilization gave hope for the development and growth of the well-being of the population. One of the signs of a better life is the increase in the number of applications for citizenship of the republic.
Independent Tajikistan emerged as a result of the collapse of the USSR. Its borders with Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan were determined by the decisions of the Soviet authorities, which was a risk and tension factor in the divorce of the former socialist republics. Over time, relations improved, each country was faced with the task of strengthening statehood and creating prerequisites for development. Tajikistan went through a difficult period of internal conflicts and a civil war of 1992–1997, which ended in reconciliation. The era of stabilization and strengthening of the positions of Emomali Rahmon - the permanent leader of the republic since 1994
Reverence for Emomali Rahmon is manifested in the personality cult of the country's leader
Portraits of Rahmon are sold in all bookstores and stationery stores. Interestingly, Putin's portraits are also sold side by side. Putin is the second most popular king in Tajikistan. His portraits do not hang anywhere, but just in case they are in stores. Tajiks love Putin, for them he is a “breadwinner”.
. u/1887914. tml
Back in the Soviet period, Tajikistan developed hydropower, aluminum production, cotton growing and grazing. And nature has awarded the country with deposits of gold, silver, precious stones, uranium (16% of the world's reserves) and polymetallic ores. With such raw materials, developing processing for the supply of finished products for export, the country could become a leader in the Central Asian region in terms of population provision. However, due to internal reasons, lack of political competition and clannishness in personnel policy, development is proceeding very slowly. The population remains poor, the high unemployment rate is forcing labor migration to Russia and China.
Cotton is exported as a raw material, its processing in Tajikistan is not sufficiently developed
At one time, Soviet propaganda cited Tajikistan as an example of the transition from feudalism to socialism during the lifetime of one generation. Independence has had the opposite effect. In a part of society, feudal features clearly emerged, which also hinders the country on the path of progress. Nevertheless, the Soviet period was not in vain. The leadership considers itself obliged to take care of the material security of the people. The government includes the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection. In 2008, a law on social services for the population was adopted, reflecting the requirements of the Constitution of the republic.
At the height of the tourist season in the post-Soviet space, terrible news came from Tajikistan - a group of tourists, which included representatives of several countries at once, was attacked by terrorists. The tragedy took place on July 29 in the Dangara region of Tajikistan, about 70 kilometers southeast of Dushanbe.
Travelers rode bicycles along the Kulyab-Dushanbe highway. Tourists followed in a column, and did not break any rules. But at some point they were literally blown away by a Daewoo Leganza car. This was not an accident. People armed with axes and knives jumped out of the car that hit the foreigners and began to finish off the victims.
Four people became victims of the attack, two more were injured. The Frenchman Guillaume Casaba miraculously did not suffer - at some point he lagged behind the bicycle column, which saved him.
Employees of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Tajikistan have started searching for criminals. On the day of the attack, a car was found in the village of Torbulok, the damage to the body of which testified that it was precisely it that was used by the criminals.
According to the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the republic, a few hours later, three suspects were traced. One of them was detained, two others tried to resist and were killed. They were 18-year-old Safarov Zafarjon, 21-year-old Yusufov Jafariddin and 19-year-old Majidov Asomuddin. To date, the security forces of Tajikistan have reported the arrest of a total of three suspects of involvement in the attack, and five more have been eliminated in an attempt to resist.
The General Prosecutor's Office of Tajikistan on August 4 published a statement stating that the criminals who attacked the cyclists, being members of a terrorist-extremist organization - the former Islamic Renaissance Party (IRPT, recognized as terrorist), acted on the basis of a previously developed abroad the plan under the guise of the ISIS banner (a group whose activities on the territory of the Russian Federation are prohibited by a court decision).
ISIS representatives themselves distributed a video in which five young people from Tajikistan swear allegiance to terrorists.
The method used by the attackers also speaks in favor of the version of the involvement of IS - an attack with a car in recent years has become a favorite scenario of terrorists.
Travelers who became victims of the attack united into one group already during their trip to Tajikistan. In addition to the already mentioned Frenchman Guillaume Cazaba, it included the Dutch Rene Vokke and Kim Postma, the Swiss Marcus Hummel and Marie-Claire Diemand, as well as the Americans Jay Austin and Lauren Gehegan. The Swiss couple traveled along the "Great Silk Road", en route from China to Kyrgyzstan. According to the records on their social networks, they had no problems during their trip to Tajikistan until the very moment of the attack. Markus Hummel, 62, was killed and Marie-Claire Diemand, 59, injured.
The travel business around the world was the first to take the hit of the pandemic. Tajikistan was no exception - the borders were closed, hotels were empty, tourist routes are overgrown with grass.
Over the past few years, the Tajik authorities have tried to actively develop the tourism industry - 2018, and then the next three years were announced as years of priority tourism development. A new industry law was adopted, a tourist police appeared, tourist facilities were given some privileges, the flow of foreign tourists to our country began to grow.
As a result, new travel products have appeared, and the number of domestic travel companies in 2019 has grown to 160 units.
The pandemic has nullified all the gains of recent years. The borders were closed, and the flow of foreign tourists immediately dried up. Many small travel companies have suspended their activities until better times. The bigger ones are trying to survive. How?
While there are no foreign tourists in Tajikistan, travel agencies rely on their fellow citizens. Our people have much less money than foreigners, so prices have dropped.
For example, the travel agency "Sayokhati Haftkul" offers a two-day tour from Dushanbe to Lake Haftkul (Fan Mountains) and Sarazm (Penjikent) for only 400 somoni.
In addition to traditional recreation and travel, Tajik companies have come up with new types of travel services. For example, trekking, painting in nature, photo shoots, low-budget one-day tours, master classes on cooking national dishes, ziyarat tourism.
If a year ago, tour operators named trips to Chiluchorchashma, fortresses in Khujand, Gissar, Khulbuk, Kali Mug, holy places of Hazrati Sulton Uvaisi Karani, Childukhtaron, Sarazm archaeological reserve, boarding houses, Zumrad, the Safed-Dara ski complex - this year Karatag, Haftkul, Fan Mountains, Iskanderkul, Ramit, Nurek, Garmchashma gained popularity among local tourists.
How to get or confirm a diploma in Europe, the USA - a European supplement to a Russian document, or distance education at a university abroad?