Hiking first aid kit: getting ready for the route
The travel first aid kit is the subject of bitter controversy in the travel environment. This is not surprising, because each type of tourism, whether it be cycling, speleo, alps, or hiking, has its own specifics. At the same time, most injuries and ailments are very similar for all hikes. Without pretending to be the ultimate truth, I will tell you what is in my first aid kit and how to safely get ready for a hike.
The difference is that each person has their own personal illnesses and predispositions. It can be motion sickness, vegetative-vascular dystonia, diseases of the cardiovascular system, hypertension or hypotension, allergies, asthma.
Despite the fact that the group's public first-aid kit contains medicines for the above problems, each participant must inform the leader about their diseases and specific medicines, and take these medicines with them to their personal first-aid kit.
Help with injuries, wounds and sprains:
An individual first-aid kit of a hike participant must contain emergency supplies and hygiene products:
Tourists know firsthand what unforeseen situations may arise during travel. Therefore, when going on a hike of any distance, you need to take a tourist's first-aid kit with you. It should include all the necessary medicines and materials for first aid.
Recommendations for drawing up a tourist first aid kit:
You can also supplement the ready-made first-aid kit with some drugs, depending on the diseases that the participants of the hike have. And you should also take into account the age of tourists and the type of hike (to the mountains, forest, steppe, and so on).
Anything can happen on a hike, so you need to have a first aid kit with you, which contains all the drugs and they are of proper quality. To provide qualified medical care, it is necessary to properly assemble the first aid kit.
Let's look at some general requirements for a first aid kit:
The packaging of the first aid kit should also be given attention.
There are a number of requirements that a tourist's first-aid kit must meet:
Traveling is great. You will learn new cities, countries, cultures, customs. However, there are nuances that can ruin the whole vacation. And these are diseases. Moreover, it doesn't matter whether you have chronic diseases or not, you can still eat something bad or get wet in the rain. Naturally, when traveling abroad, you must be accompanied by good medical insurance, but a first aid kit is also necessary.
Let's figure out what needs to be put in the first-aid kit of a traveler or tourist, what medicines and what to take, and what not. Let's take a look at the alternatives to essential medicines and discuss how and where to bring the first aid kit.
It is clear that everyone chooses medicines first of all for themselves. If his stomach often hurts, then he should take medications that can help with stomach problems. But there are those that, in my opinion, everyone should have.
] Attention! I cite all the medicines based on my own experience. Remember - there is no universal recipe. Always check with your doctor. The article is provided for educational purposes and cannot be regarded as instructions for action or inaction. In case of illness - consult a doctor for insurance. Be sure to have travel insurance. Before taking any medication - consult a doctor. Etc. etc. .. In general - be careful!
It is very easy to eat something nasty or not fresh on a trip, even if you are as picky about expiration dates as I am. Even in the most expensive restaurant you can be served stale food, let alone catering or buffets at resorts. And in some countries the concept of "cleanliness" does not exist at all, as, for example, in some regions of Southeast Asia. Therefore, you must have a good absorbent with you.
The most common, familiar and well-known activated carbon can be called the best. Do not take any newfangled crap like "white coal", it will not help you in any way. You need to take and take a lot of coal. Please note that it is taken at the rate of 1 tablet per 10 kilograms of your weight. So, if you weigh 80 kilograms, for example, then you need to drink 8 tablets at a time.
Also, take the smecta in sachets. It is also absorbent, however, it also removes nausea, diarrhea. Helps with poisoning. 4 - 5 sachets will do the trick.
Well, one bag of rehydron. It is taken in case of severe dehydration of the body (which almost always occurs during the processes that accompany poisoning).
I strongly advise you to take a plate of enzymes as a preventive measure. There are many of them: pancreatin, mezim, festal and others. They will help the stomach to digest heavy, fatty, fried foods. Not always what you eat on the road, or what you are treated to, is good for your body. Choose the most appropriate medicine for you, and if necessary, take a tablet before meals.
Colds are also very common for travelers. In summer, drafts and air conditioners await everywhere (and right after a stuffy street), in winter - cold and wind. And it can also catch the rain ... Therefore, a cold should not be discounted. For prophylaxis, buy Vitamin C, normal, for adults, at 0.5 each. Eat twice a day after meals, like fruits, vegetables, onions, and garlic. All this will strengthen your immunity.
Anton Rodionov, cardiologist, candidate of medical sciences, associate professor of the Department of Faculty Therapy No. 1 of the First Moscow State Medical University. echenova
One of the first things that awaits you at the dacha is no, not sowing carrots or digging up the beds, but checking the first-aid kit. The content must be carefully revised and replenished - for example, using the list that cardiologist Anton Rodionov offers for the first-aid kit on the road, on a hike and to the dacha. So, what should be in the first-aid kit - necessary and desirable, and which drugs are better to get rid of?
For many years I have been "in charge" of the medical section of one Internet portal for tourists. For more than ten years, I have shoveled a bunch of literature related to providing self and mutual assistance in field conditions, and answered several hundred questions.
Many questions related to the first aid kit, which is appropriate to take on a hike. Finally, tired of explaining for the twentieth time why it is not necessary to take validol from the heart, I decided to compose my own scientifically grounded version of the first-aid kit, which I bring to your attention.
This first aid kit is designed for tourists who travel far from home and do not have the opportunity to quickly reach a medical facility. Of course, if we are talking about a trip to the country, then the list of medicines within reasonable limits can be reduced.
I divided the list of medicines into three groups: A, B and C. List A is the recommended drugs, list B is drugs that it is desirable (but not necessary) to have with you, but list C is these are unnecessary drugs that you do not need to take.
Why did I separate them into a separate group? The fact is that there are standard misconceptions that are replicated from one reference book to another. So "List B" is the list of drugs-delusions.
Not essential contents of the first aid kit List B
Tourists, as you know, try to save money on every gram of cargo. The lack of these drugs is not tragic, but having them at the right time can make life a lot easier.
We recently researched the PIK group first aid kit - an impressive list, right? However, we insist that each tourist has their own first aid kit in their backpack.
Hiking conditions, fortunately or unfortunately, are unusual for the body - daily routine, water and food, stress and impressions. Under these conditions, it is easier for natural defense mechanisms to fail. Of course, our instructors are ready to provide first aid and just listen if you feel worried. But, it is impossible to predict the number of injuries and poisoning, and to drag half of the neighboring pharmacy behind your back. Therefore, in a large group, such popular products as plaster or activated charcoal can quickly disperse. In addition, who knows better yourself a loved one (or loved one), no matter how you yourself. It is worth taking exactly those drugs that help you personally in order to be calm. You will know that, "if something happens", there is a life-saving pill in your backpack. This is especially true for tourists with chronic diseases. Be sure to check with your doctor before going on a hike. Purchase a small supply of medication that you take on a regular basis - in case of unforeseen delays along the way. Tell the instructor about your illness and the medications you are taking on a regular basis.
In addition to regularly taken medications, it is worth investing here "favorite" first aid products for problems that most often arise during a hike - corns, cuts, indigestion, burns.
A pair of elastic bandages or knee pads. Thing number one on the personal list, since it is almost unrealistic to take bandages for each participant. They fix the joints of the legs and arms, reduce the load on them during many hours of trekking over uneven terrain (they will help to support the knees on descents). Knee pads are more expensive, but they are less likely to slip - they are matched to the individual size. Bandages are cheap and versatile; if they are too tight, they rub in the places where the limb is bent. If you are not sure that you can properly apply an elastic bandage yourself, call the instructors for help.
Plaster: in a roll and bactericidal in plates. Some people have a skin allergy to the glue used in a regular roll adhesive, we advise you to take paper or silk. Its scope is almost limitless - from fixing cooling compresses and styptic dressings to fixing the temples of glasses and sealing the mouth of a snoring tent neighbor. It is convenient to cover small wounds, abrasions, burns with plates in separate packages. For calluses, eternal companions of wet feet and unworn boots, special silicone patches-pads have been invented.
Gauze bandage. For dressing wounds and burns, fixing a cold compress in case of injury, medicinal dressing with antibacterial ointment. It is advisable to cut and apply a bandage with clean hands, making sure that small villi from the edge do not fall into the open wound. When there is nothing else at hand, strips of bandage torn along the length will fit in place of laces and other vital ropes.
Skin protection: sunscreen with SPF 50+, hygienic lipstick. At high altitude, the sun "burns not childishly", so take the product with the highest factor. Do not be afraid, you will be able to remain completely without a sunburn on a hike if you only hide from the sun on purpose. And its intense radiation, cold river water and strong wind lead to the fact that the skin on the face (especially lips) and hands becomes chapped, peeling and cracking. Cosmetic petroleum jelly or greasy cream in a small tube will come to the rescue. All these products should be applied even on a cloudy day, preferably in the morning before leaving the camp. Do not forget to renew the cream after a couple of hours of intense walking or bathing - water and sweat wash away the protective layer.
Earplugs. Small "pellets" made of foam are useful on particularly windy nights or when your neighbor is snoring. Some people initially have a heightened sensitivity to sound. In unusual conditions, it increases. Ear plugs are as personal as a handkerchief and lipstick and should not be passed on to others. With one hand, you need to roll the roll out of the earplug, with the other, pull the earlobe up and back so that the ear canal straightens. Insert only with clean hands and no pain or unusual discharge from the ear. Plain polyurethane foam earplugs do not protect against water, a rubberized version is created for diving.
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