Assisted reproductive technologies: techniques and features of their application

Medical tourism in Cyprus: which hospitals in Cyprus are the best for expats to be treated

Women's club "To whom over 30" today drew attention to medical tourism in Ukraine. The country we are going to talk about today was not chosen by chance. The high professionalism of Ukrainian doctors is known all over the world, and in consultation with doctors from Kiev, leading specialists and doctors of medical sciences from the USA, Canada and Europe.

The capital of Ukraine is an ancient city with a wonderful history, so we can safely say that here you can not only improve your health qualitatively, but also have fun.

The rich cultural heritage left to Ukrainians by talented ancestors has attracted curious tourists for more than one century, and the most beautiful temples and ancient monasteries hospitably welcome Orthodox Christians into their walls, healing their souls.

Leading industry - medical dental tourism in Ukraine

Kiev dentists have already gained an excellent reputation among patients from abroad who come to the ancient city to receive the help of talented professional doctors, whose services cost 20 or even 25 times lower than in the office , for example, an Irish dentist.

Naturally, a trip to Ukraine is very beneficial for almost any European. Especially when you consider that the comfort and equipment of Kiev dental offices are in no way inferior to Swiss ones.

To Ukraine - for a child

Medical reproductive tourism to Ukraine is rapidly gaining momentum. The secret of such popularity of this field of medicine in the country is not only in the high level of service and the percentage of pregnancy rates, but also in the loyalty of the Ukrainian legislation.

In many countries, the IVF procedure is not allowed for everyone, and a number of indicators are required to complete it. The laws of European states on surrogacy have no less strict framework. In this regard, Ukraine also seems very attractive for patients from abroad, since it is one of the richest sources of reproductive resources in the CIS countries.

Medical tourism in Ukraine: very beautiful!

Medical tourism in Ukraine - rest in sanatoriums

Intrauterine sperm injection is used if a woman does not have problems with ovulation, but sperm for some reason cannot reach the egg and fertilize it.

Assisted reproductive technologies can help "bypass" many of the causes of female infertility.

Intrauterine sperm administration can be performed using donor material.

A preliminary consultation will help you navigate the issues of in vitro fertilization of oocytes.

Medical centers provide treatment for male and female infertility using assisted reproductive technologies.

Almost 40 years ago, an event occurred that changed the view of mankind on the problem of infertility - a baby named Louise Brown was born. A remarkable feature of the baby was that her conception took place not in the mother's body, but in laboratory conditions. From that day on, the whole world learned about in vitro fertilization (IVF).

Strictly speaking, IVF is not the first reproductive technology in the history of medicine: there is evidence that at the end of the 18th century, doctors achieved pregnancy by injecting sperm directly into the patient's vagina. Today this method - artificial insemination - is also successfully used in fertility clinics.

New reproductive technologies and bioethics

Advances in medicine have brought the happiness of parenting to many partners and single women. However, discussions about the admissibility of human intervention in the "sacrament of conception" are still ongoing. Traditional denominations prohibit or restrict the use of assisted reproductive technologies, considering them an attempt by a person to compete with God in the ability to create the miracle of a new life. The Catholic Church is known for its categorical position on this issue (almost all assisted reproductive technologies are rejected), while other world religions are softer on the issue - often priests bless IVF, provided that the patients are married and donor material is not used for fertilization.

In addition to the religious issue, experts around the world regularly raise the issue of the ethics of the use of embryos. With IVF, doctors fertilize several eggs at once in order to transfer 1-2 viable zygotes into the patient's body. But what about the remaining embryos? Scientists acknowledge that using them to obtain stem cells or scientific experiments would contribute to the development of medicine in general and to improve the quality of subsequent IVF in particular. However, from an ethical point of view, such actions are questionable - after all, it is difficult to determine the line between “soulless” genetic material and an unborn child.

Cyprus has a large number of health and medical institutions ready to provide quality service to both local citizens and visitors to the island. The range of clinics is diverse, from highly specialized centers to multidisciplinary diagnostic institutions.

The Economic Citizenship Program allows wealthy investors to receive highly qualified medical care as a Cypriot citizen. For foreigners, Cyprus medicine is available under insurance, but even it will cost several times cheaper than the same set of services in countries such as Israel, Germany, and the United Arab Emirates.

At the moment, actively developing medical tourism, the government of Cyprus pays attention not only to public clinics, but also to private medical centers, improving the health care system and increasing the attractiveness for foreigners. In the development of such medical areas as aesthetic and reproductive medicine, dentistry, diagnostics and radiology, Cyprus offers tourists a wide range of services at affordable prices.

Popular medical tourism destinations in Cyprus

The most popular medical tourism destinations in Cyprus are:

  • Plastic surgery and cosmetology.
  • Diagnostics of cardiovascular diseases.
  • Spine surgery.
  • Treatment of male and female infertility.
  • In Vitro Fertilization.

For each of these destinations in the most developed cities of Cyprus, such as Limassol, Nicosia and Paphos, there are private clinics and medical centers willingly accepting tourists from all over the world.

Hospitals-hotels are also very popular. The specificity of these institutions is that they include a full service for patients, from a transfer to the island and ending with a diagnosis. If necessary, you can immediately continue the treatment.

Consider the most popular private clinics in Cyprus in the indicated directions.

Reproductive Medicine Clinics in Cyprus

According to statistical data, only on the territory of Russia 5% of married couples of reproductive age have a problem with conceiving a child and who have been diagnosed with infertility. Diagnosing infertility in a modern family today is no longer a rarity, and as statistics show, 137 out of 10,000 couples in the Russian Federation alone resort to assisted reproductive technologies (ART) in connection with sexual dysfunction of one of the partners. In other countries of the world, statistical indicators are much higher, which leads to the development and improvement of medicine in the field of restoring fertility of both partners.

What is reproductive medicine

Reproductive medicine is a complex of biomedical knowledge and experience aimed at solving the problem of childbirth and family planning. The term "reproduction" is translated as reproduction, in this context, it means the creation of offspring, which is a very complex phenomenon, designed to implement the procreation program.

Today, reproductive medicine represents a whole layer of achievements in various fields of science, for example, such as andrology and gynecology, genetics, cryobiology, biology and cytology.

Common techniques in modern reproductive medicine

It's not a secret for anyone that over the past two decades, reproductive medicine has made great strides, thanks to which the newest techniques have appeared, aimed at realizing the reproductive function of couples who cannot conceive a child naturally. These methods include:

  • ISM or ISD, which means insemination with the sperm of the husband or donor. Thanks to this procedure, the problem of male infertility can be solved. For example, if there is a small amount of viable sperm in the ejaculate of a man, which cannot naturally fertilize a woman's egg, then in laboratory conditions, specialists find these sperm and carry out artificial insemination, that is, introducing sperm into the uterine cavity on a day favorable for conception ...
  • IVF is the so-called in vitro fertilization method. It consists in the fact that a woman, with the help of special hormone therapy, provokes the production of eggs, which are extracted and fertilized in favorable conditions with the help of the sperm of her husband or donor. A few days later, the already received embryo is injected into the uterine cavity, and pregnancy occurs.
  • ICSI or sperm injection into the cytoplasm of the egg. This method is used mainly for complex forms of male infertility. Its essence is to introduce a single sperm cell into the egg, so that fertilization takes place. After that, the embryo is inserted into the uterus for the further development of the fetus.
  • The method of egg donation is necessary in cases where a woman's body, for whatever reason, cannot produce its own eggs or they do not mature. An egg from a healthy female donor enables a woman to bear and give birth to a child.
  • Surrogacy is used when a woman is unable to bear pregnancy. For example, when the uterus is removed or a woman has frequent miscarriages and there is always a risk of another termination of pregnancy. The essence of the method lies in the fact that a surrogate mother is injected into the uterine cavity, which she bears and gives birth to.
  • Freezing of embryos is necessary for repeated in vitro fertilization. For example, quite often there are cases when the first IVF does not end with pregnancy. Many women who decide on this procedure go through it several times before the desired pregnancy occurs. So that a woman does not undergo hormone therapy once again, during the first IVF, several eggs are taken from her, which are fertilized. Only two embryos are introduced into the uterine cavity during in vitro fertilization, the rest undergo cryofreezing for possible repeated IVF.
  • A donor sperm bank exists in almost every wedge to restore reproductive function. It becomes necessary if a man has a form of absolute infertility, as well as in cases where a woman does not have a sexual partner to conceive a child.

Reproductive Medicine Today

Fortunately, the diagnosis of "infertility" doesn't sound like a sentence these days. As a rule, in antenatal clinics only primary diagnostics can be performed, therefore the diagnosis of “infertility” is not always correct. The recommendation for couples with such a diagnosis is to find a specialized clinic that uses modern equipment. In most cases, such clinics can provide qualified assistance to restore reproductive function. According to statistics, more than forty percent of couples who are diagnosed with infertility become happy parents in a short period of time.

Due to the growth of male and female infertility, modern assisted reproductive technologies are in great demand today. They give the opportunity to become parents to those people who, half a century ago, did not have any opportunity to conceive and bear a child on their own. Today, ART is actively supported by the state, there are programs for financing and co-financing these methods, thanks to which expensive procedures have become available under regional and federal quotas.

In more detail about what medical technologies are considered assisted reproductive, what effectiveness and benefits they have, we will tell in this article.

Once, most of the technologies and methods of infertility treatment that are used today in the world and in Russia were considered something fantastic, impossible in practice. However, over time, everything has changed, and now any married couple with absolutely any form of infertility can count on being given a chance to feel the joy of motherhood and fatherhood.

Reproductive technologies today include the following types of medical care:

  • IVF (in vitro fertilization);
  • GIFT (transfer of the partner's sex cells into the woman's fallopian tubes);
  • GIFT (surgical transfer of embryos into the fallopian tubes);
  • ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection);
  • methods using donor biomaterial (oocytes, sperm, and donor embryos);
  • surrogate motherhood (carrying a fetus of a couple by a woman - a gestational courier);
  • programs of "deferred parenting" (cryopreservation of oocytes, sperm, embryos ready for replanting);
  • AI (artificial insemination with spouse's sperm or donor sperm);
  • preimplantation genetic diagnosis of embryos;
  • reduction of embryos in threatening multiple pregnancies.

According to the World Health Organization (and this organization annually monitors the incidence rates, treatment standards, fertility and the percentage of infertility in all countries of the world), in Russia today about 15-17% of couples are infertile.

Today there are about five million families on the register of infertile couples, and 70% of them require reproductive assisted medical care.

The number of cases of female infertility over the past 10 years has increased by 14%, and male - by 22%.

IVF gave the basis for all methods. It was there that the development of other areas began, such as pre-implantation diagnostics, ICSI, etc. In the world of IVF it has existed for more than 40 years, in our country - since 1986, although some work has been carried out in research laboratories since the middle of the last century.

The goal of all technologies used by reproductive specialists is to get healthy offspring in cases where it is impossible to do it naturally. Let's take a look at how the individual methods are conducted and how they differ:

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