Good afternoon, friends! Continuing the theme of the Caucasian Mineral Waters, I will tell you about another good place for rest and treatment - the city of Pyatigorsk. What's interesting in Pyatigorsk? What attracts tourists to the city?
Pyatigorsk is a resort of federal importance, there are many healing mineral springs, modern sanatoriums, decent infrastructure and interesting historical sites.
In this article, we will talk a little about the history of the resort, climate, location and transport accessibility, about the main profiles and unique treatment, leisure and attractions.
This information will help to make a first impression of the resort, perhaps someone will even be attracted by natural factors and will want to visit the city in order to make a personal impression of the rest and treatment here.
I came to Pyatigorsk several times, I will try to present the information without bias, because I myself am not a fan of the city.
I'll say right away that this statement has nothing to do with the resort of Pyatigorsk, it's just that local mineral springs are not very suitable for my disease, and yet, I'm not a fan of large cities with all the ensuing consequences.
Whether I can write an objective picture or not, it's up to you to judge. Leave your comments, I am always interested to know the opinion of readers.
Pyatigorsk is located in the Stavropol Territory, on the southwestern slope of the Caucasus Mountains, at an altitude of 500-600 meters above sea level. The city is crossed by the Podkumok River, into which small, shallow rivers flow.
If you climb Mount Mashuk, at the foot of which the city is located, you can enjoy a panoramic view of the surroundings.
The scenery is amazing. The big city fits neatly into the local landscape. On all sides it is surrounded by mountains, Goryachaya, Piket, Kazachka, Beshtau. They are densely bordered by green vegetation, which gives a chic look to the surroundings even in winter when there is no foliage.
From some streets of Pyatigorsk, especially in good weather, the highest point of Russia is visible on the horizon - the summit of Mount Elbrus, which rises majestically in the distance against the background of the entire Caucasian ridge. Elbrus is so clearly visible, the impression is that it is "close at hand". It is very interesting to watch how its top changes shape with the influx of clouds. Nice!
Pyatigorsk, a city in the Stavropol Territory, a federal resort, is called the Natural Museum of Mineral Waters. It was with him that the history of Russian balneology began - in 1863 the first balneological society was organized here. More than 40 springs of healing water, different in chemical composition and temperature, make up its medicinal base. The influence of the foothill climate and water procedures in combination with terrenkur give a tangible healing effect, for which people come here all year round from all over Russia.
In addition to wellness procedures, the city offers its guests a rich excursion program related to celebrities who have visited the resort. Famous literary works can serve as city guides - from Lermontov's "Princess Mary" to "The Twelve Chairs" by Ilf and Petrov. Pyatigorsk is especially connected with the name of the great Russian poet Lermontov - he not only visited here more than once, but also died tragically in a duel.
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The nearest airport to the city is located in Mineralnye Vody at a distance of 25 km, so many tourists arrive there and then go to the resort by train. You can also get there by train: trains leave from the Kazan and Kursk railway stations of the capital and from the St. Petersburg Moscow railway station. Buses can go from Moscow from the station. metro station "Orekhovo".
Pyatigorsk is the oldest in the Caucasus mud and balneological resort of all-Russian importance. But at the same time it is an industrial, scientific, cultural and tourist center of the Caucasian Mineral Waters, the largest city in the region in terms of territory and population.
Of the KMV group of resorts in Pyatigorsk, the most diverse natural medicinal resources are concentrated: more than 40 mineral springs differing in chemical composition and water temperature, Lake Tambukan with medicinally valuable silt mud, a favorable climate. Pyatigorsk is a city of two eras: on the one hand - "Flower garden", galleries, gazebos and grottoes of the era of Lermontov and "water society", on the other - comfortable sanatoriums with entertainment complexes that correspond to modern ideas about recreation, cozy cafes, gourmet restaurants.
Cultural and historical traditions have not been lost here, the city has something to interest not only the holiday-makers who have come for treatment, but also ordinary curious tourists. No wonder, according to the latest data from the Russian service Tvil. u Pyatigorsk entered the top five resorts popular for winter holidays.
The best time for a trip to the region of the Caucasian Mineral Waters is, as you know, spring and early autumn, but winter is not a reason to refuse to get acquainted with Pyatigorsk. This is an all-season resort, each season is interesting in its own way, and it is comfortable to be treated here at any time of the year. But you can not only take the procedures prescribed by doctors, but see the sights, attend various events and, of course, go to nature.
Winter in Pyatigorsk is mild, but the weather is changeable, usually windy and damp, there is ice and fog. Frosts are rare, but due to high humidity and wind, as they usually write, the "comfort temperature" is much lower. The snow cover is unstable. If you want to catch the snow, come in the second half of the calendar winter. The main thing is to dress for the season. Therefore, when going on a trip, check the weather forecast.
There are many sights in Pyatigorsk, this is the largest of the resort towns of the Caucasian Mineral Waters, and winter is a special time for exploring them. In winter, they try to lay the routes between the sights so that they can warm up somewhere along the way. We will adhere to this rule.
It all depends on how long you will come to Pyatigorsk. If you are resting in the neighboring resort towns of Kavminvod and you have only one day to get to know the city, the following material will come in handy for planning your trip:
If you come to Pyatigorsk for a longer period, for example, for a standard two-week course of treatment in sanatoriums, trips around the city in your free time from procedures can be divided into small routes: it gets dark early in winter, and the weather is not always disposes to long walks.
Going for a medical vacation in Pyatigorsk, most vacationers want to combine the intake of useful mineral waters with bathing in hot springs. The thermal springs of the Stavropol Territory have long attracted a huge number of tourists. Especially located in Pyatigorsk and the surrounding area. Below is a complete overview of the resort's geothermal waters. Their benefits, contraindications, and so on.
According to scientists Pyatigorsk by the number of hot springs, the composition can be considered a treasury of mineral water. More than 40 natural springs with useful geothermal fluid are located only on the slopes of Mashuk Mountain. The rock formation appeared as a result of volcanic activity. The southern slope was named Goryachaya Mountain because of so many sources.
Water enters the surface from a depth of more than one kilometer. Temperature indicators are in the range from + 26 ° to + 42 °. The cascades with which it rushes downward look especially impressive. Descending, they fill the rocky wash-outs, forming a kind of natural baths.
The sources of Pyatigorsk were first described by the famous P. Pallas in 1793. He carried out the first studies, studied the chemical composition and proved the healing properties of the thermal water of this region. Soldiers who once lived near geothermal springs took baths for gout, rheumatoid conditions, and skin problems.
Warm mineral baths have the most positive effect on human health:
Mineral baths of moderate temperature are prescribed for patients with nerves, chronic fatigue syndrome, insomnia, and so on. At the initial stages of some heart diseases, problems with the respiratory tract, skin, ODA, hydrogen sulfide baths are used.
Taking baths with water from radon sources can be carried out exclusively by the appointment of a physician therapist. Only a specialist can determine the level of benefit versus harm. Assign how much and when a person can take them. Due to the active exposure to radiation, such waters can be harmful. If you do not follow the recommendations. As a rule, they are prescribed for people with diseases:
As you can see, the list of readings is pretty impressive. But contraindications are more important. Follow the instructions of the experts!