Seluyanov's system: how a Soviet professor proved that bodybuilders swing incorrectly

Seluyanov's system: how a Soviet professor proved that bodybuilders swing incorrectly

In Russia, bodybuilding was first heard in the late 1980s. At the beginning of the next decade, the first athletes appeared and the corresponding local competitions began to be held. Finally, the Russians saw Russian bodybuilders, who were in no way inferior in their parameters to the Western ones, who flashed on TV screens and adorned youth posters. And during this period, the Soviet professor, Viktor Seluyanov, announced in the press that both of them were training incorrectly.

Professor of Sports

Victor Seluyanov, Candidate of Biological Sciences, has been dealing with issues of urgent and long-term adaptation processes in the body of athletes since the late 1970s. In the early 1990s, he headed the laboratory of fundamental problems of the theory of physical and technical training of highly qualified athletes of the Russian State Academy of Physical Culture. Professor Seluyanov has developed a theory that allows coaches to effectively train members of the national teams of the country in a variety of sports: sambo, judo, ice hockey, field hockey, football, mini-football. Thanks to his research, many domestic athletes have won medals of the highest dignity at all-Russian and international competitions. But most importantly, he scientifically substantiated that conventional strength training, which is used, including by bodybuilders, is not as effective for increasing muscle mass. There are at least three ways to improve athletic performance, you just need to figure out and understand what happens to the tissues at the cellular level at this moment.

Necrotic processes

And before and until now, everyone, especially novice sports fans, "pump" their muscles in the most common way. Any strength exercise today is a repetition of monotonous motor actions with a relatively low rate. For example, lifting the barbell while lying or standing and returning to the starting position. This is usually done as many times as the athlete is physically able to squeeze out. And any person who has ever engaged in such training knows perfectly well that it is best and most energetic to do the "bench press" only for the very first time. All subsequent similar actions turn out worse and worse, until muscle fatigue finally sets in. What is happening in the tissues at this moment? Professor Seluyanov found it out in the last century by conducting research on mice.

An increase in muscle strength is associated either with an improvement in the control processes of its activity, which is related to neural activity, or with an increase in the number of myofibrils in the muscle fibers themselves. But the latter, during cyclic training, just the opposite stops. The reserves of rheatin phosphate in the cells during a monotonous load are gradually depleted, the continuation of the exercise of a given power becomes impossible and a refusal occurs. At the same time, there is an increase in the concentration of hydrogen ions in the sarcoplasm, which stimulates the development of the peroxidation reaction. This lactic acid in muscles is involved in the generation of free radicals and other catabolic reactions. Soviet researchers in the last century on rodents revealed the fact that long-term intensive running causes necrotic changes in tissues at the cellular level in animals and a multiple increase in the activity of lysosomal enzymes in them. As a result, a contradiction arises - the muscle tissue after such a training is destroyed more than it will then be synthesized in the course of its cyclic functionality. Professor Seluyanov figured out how to avoid such negative reactions in the muscles.

System in theory

During physical activity, you need to understand how to properly perform various types of exercises so as not to injure yourself. But most importantly, in all these motor actions, the researchers together with Seluyanov revealed a clear dosage that does not allow hydrogen ions and lactic acid molecules to accumulate in the muscles. Thus, the following three training methods have been developed to avoid the occurrence of necrotic changes at the cellular level. First, at the maximum possible load and high intensity, the selected exercise is performed, for example, "bench press", and it is performed only one to three times. The main advantage of this training process is the absence of accumulation of decay products. The specified training method helps to improve neuromuscular control. The second method - with an average intensity and/or an average load, in one approach, up to 12 repetitions of the same exercise are performed, the duration of which should not exceed 70 seconds. The greatest effect is given by the performance of the last "presses", but carried out to the limit of the athlete's capabilities. The third option is performed at the lowest intensity. The required number of repetitions of the exercise is up to 25 times and the duration of one lesson also does not exceed 70 seconds. But throughout the entire performance of these actions, one cannot even partially relax the muscles, keeping them in their original tone.

These principles were included in the “IZOTONA” system, developed by Professor Seluyanov, and until now, with a clear implementation of the entire program, they allow achieving the maximum effect on the active muscle tissues of the human body. At the moment, a part of the "IZOTON" system is the basis of many other modern methods of health-improving physical culture, including those practiced abroad.

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